Mr. Chow of New York v. Ste. Jour Azur S.A. | 759 F2d 219 | March 28, 1985

H2O

Mr. Chow of New York v. Ste. Jour Azur S.A.

Page 219

759 F.2d 219

11 Media L. Rep. 1713

MR. CHOW OF NEW YORK, Plaintiff-Appellee,
v.
STE. JOUR AZUR S.A., Henri Gault and Christian Millau,
Defendants-Appellants.

No. 519, Docket 84-7198.

United States Court of Appeals,
Second Circuit.

Argued Dec. 17, 1984.
Decided March 28, 1985.

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        Richard Kent Bernstein, New York City (Richard K. Bernstein Associates, New York City, of counsel), for defendants-appellants.

        Kenneth E. Warner, New York City (Richard A. Greenberg, Marjorie M. Smith, Coblence & Warner, New York City, of counsel), for plaintiff-appellee.

        Henry R. Kaufman, New York City (Sam Antar, Griffith W. Foxley, New York City, for American Broadcasting Companies, Inc.; R. Bruce Rich, Weil, Gotshal & Manges, New York City, for Association of American Publishers; Ronald E. Guttman, Associate General Counsel, CBS Inc., New York City, for CBS Inc.; Michael N. Pollet, Karpatkin Pollet Perlmutter & Beil, New York City, for Consumers Union of United States, Inc.; Peter C. Gould, Sabin, Bermant & Blau, Barbara Ann Cook, Asst. General Counsel, McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York City, for Magazine Publishers Association; Henry L. Baumann, Steven A. Bookshester, Washington, D.C., for National Association of Broadcasters; J. Marshall Wellborn, Jr., New York City, for National Broadcasting Company, Inc.; Marjorie Coleman, New York City, for New York News Inc.; Harry M. Johnston, III, Robin Bierstedt, New York City, for Time Incorporated; Martin Messinger, Rosalyn D. Young, New York City, for Westinghouse Broadcasting and Cable, Inc., of counsel), for amici curiae, American Broadcasting Companies, Inc., Association of American

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Publishers, CBS Inc., Consumers Union of United States, Inc., Magazine Publishers Association, National Association of Broadcasters, National Book Critics Circle, National Broadcasting Company, Inc., New York Drama Critics Circle, New York Film Critics, New York News Inc., Mimi Sheraton, Time Incorporated and Westinghouse Broadcasting and Cable, Inc.

        Before MESKILL, KEARSE and CARDAMONE, Circuit Judges.

        MESKILL, Circuit Judge:

        Appellants Ste. Jour Azur S.A., Henri Gault and Christian Millau appeal from a judgment entered in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York after a four day jury trial before Griesa, J. The jury returned a general verdict against appellants, finding that a restaurant review published by Ste. Jour Azur S.A. in the Gault/Millau Guide to New York had libeled appellee Mr. Chow of New York. The jury awarded $20,000 in compensatory damages and $5 in punitive damages. The district court denied appellants' motion for a judgment notwithstanding the verdict and entered judgment in favor of appellee.

        For the reasons that follow, we vacate the judgment and remand with instructions to dismiss the complaint.

BACKGROUND

        Ste. Jour Azur S.A. (Ste. Jour), a French corporation, is the publisher of a restaurant guide called Gault/Millau Guide to New York (Guide). Henri Gault and Christian Millau are the Guide's editors and are also shareholders in Ste. Jour. In April 1981, the Guide published, in French, a review of Mr. Chow, a restaurant located in New York City which specializes in Chinese cuisine. The review was written by Yves Bridault, a French journalist who had previously written reviews for the Guide. Bridault wrote his review based on his dining experience at Mr. Chow on December 18, 1980. Because of its importance to the resolution of the issues before us, we reproduce in its entirety an English translation of the review. 1

Mr. Chow

324 E. 54th Street

(between 1st and 2nd Avenues)

(751-9030)

Every day until 11:45

        Still another Chinese restaurant, but this one is the latest darling of fashionable society. Until the middle of the night "beautiful people" of all sorts crowd into this huge and very noisy room whose two levels bring back with brio the era of the (Western) 1930s with the customary array of walls lacquered black and beige, indirect lighting and banisters of gilded metal. Their ambition, apparently, is more to be seen in this superb decor than to eat Chinese style. While his London restaurant enjoys an honorable reputation (although it is clearly overrated) the branch which the clever Mr. Chow has just opened in New York is simply astounding from a culinary point of view. In a pinch, you might not care that you have to wait ten minutes to obtain chop-sticks instead of forks, that it is impossible to have the basic condiments (soy sauce, hot sauce, etc.) on the table, that the principal concern of the waiters (Italians) is to sell you expensive alcoholic drinks, but the last straw is that the dishes on the menu (very short) have only the slightest relationship to the essential spirit of Chinese cuisine. With their heavy and greasy dough, the dumplings, on our visit, resembled bad Italian ravioli, the steamed meatballs had a disturbingly gamy taste, the sweet and sour pork contained more dough (badly cooked) than meat, and the green peppers which accompanied it remained still frozen on the plate. The chicken with chili was rubbery and the rice, soaking, for some reason, in oil, totally insipid. Had we been specially punished for being

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so pretentious as to drink only tea? Apparently not, for the drinkers of alcohol seemed as badly off as we. At a near-by table, the Peking lacquered duck (although ordered in advance) was made up of only one dish (instead of the three traditional ones), composed of pancakes the size of a saucer and the thickness of a finger. At another table, the egg-rolls had the gauge of andouillette sausages, and the dough the thickness of large tagliatelle. No matter, since the wine kept flowing. We do not know where Mr. Chow recruits his cooks, but he would do well to send them for instruction somewhere in Chinatown. There, at least, they still know the traditions. It is, however, true, that when one sees with what epicurian airs his customers exclaim at canned lychees, one can predict for him a long and prosperous life uptown. About $25, without the drinks.

        On February 19, 1982 Mr. Chow of New York, the joint venture that owns Mr. Chow, commenced the instant action. In the complaint, Ste. Jour, Gault and Millau were named as defendants and jurisdiction was based on diversity of citizenship. The complaint alleged that the review contained false and defamatory statements and sought compensatory damages in excess of $10,000 and punitive damages in excess of $250,000.

        At trial, appellee's main witnesses were Dr. Lawrence Joseph, Michael Chow, Sik Chung Lam and Kooh Hong Kim. Dr. Joseph, a professor of French language and literature at Smith College, testified that he had translated the French version of the review into the English version. He also gave testimony concerning the accuracy of his translation of the phrase "the green peppers ... remained still frozen on the plate." Michael Chow, the founder of Mr. Chow, testified about food preparation at Mr. Chow, the traditional number of dishes in Peking Duck and the damages suffered by Mr. Chow. Sik Chung Lam, head chef at Mr. Chow, testified about the preparation of certain dishes at Mr. Chow and authenticated a video tape recording of the chefs at Mr. Chow preparing sweet and sour pork, green peppers and fried rice. Kooh Hong Kim, flour chef at Mr. Chow, also testified about the preparation of certain dishes at Mr. Chow and gave a live demonstration of his method of making Chinese pancakes.

        Appellants called as witnesses Yves Bridault, Raymond Sokolov and Christine Bridault. Mr. Bridault, the reviewer, testified about his approach to writing reviews and the events surrounding his visit to Mr. Chow. Mr. Sokolov, a New York restaurant reviewer, testified about writing restaurant reviews generally, about the reputation of the Guide and about a negative dining experience he had had at Mr. Chow. Christine Bridault testified that she had accompanied her husband to Mr. Chow and that his review was an accurate description of their experience.

        The district court submitted six statements to the jury. It instructed the jury that, as a matter of law, these were statements of fact and that if any one of them was false, defamatory and made with malice it would support a finding that the review had libeled Mr. Chow. The six statements submitted were:

        (1) "It is impossible to have the basic condiments ... on the table."

        (2) "The sweet and sour pork contained more dough ... than meat."

        (3) "The green peppers ... remained still frozen on the plate."

        (4) The rice was "soaking ... in oil."

        (5) The Peking Duck "was made up of only one dish (instead of the traditional three)."

        (6) The pancakes were "the thickness of a finger."

        The jury returned a general verdict, finding that the review was libelous. It awarded $20,000 in compensatory and $5 in punitive damages. Appellants' motion for judgment notwithstanding the verdict was denied without opinion.

DISCUSSION

        On appeal, appellants raise a host of grounds for reversal. Among them are a

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claim that the statements submitted to the jury are opinion and thus protected speech and a claim that the evidence on the issue of malice is insufficient to support the jury's findings. Because we find these two claims dispositive of this appeal, we do not consider appellants' other claims. 2

A. Opinion

        Appellants' initial argument is that the district court erred when it failed to hold that the statements submitted to the jury were opinion and thus privileged. Appellants' argument stems from the Supreme Court's decision in Gertz v. Robert Welch, Inc., 418 U.S. 323, 94 S.Ct. 2997, 41 L.Ed.2d 789 (1974), where the Court stated:

        We begin with the common ground. Under the First Amendment there is no such thing as a false idea. However pernicious an opinion may seem, we depend for its correction not on the conscience of judges and juries but on the competition of other ideas. But there is no constitutional value in false statements of fact.

        Id. at 339-40, 94 S.Ct. at 3006-07 (footnote omitted). We have recognized that Gertz made crucial the distinction between statements of fact and opinions. See, e.g., Buckley v. Littell, 539 F.2d 882, 893 (2d Cir.1976), cert. denied, 429 U.S. 1062, 97 S.Ct. 785, 50 L.Ed.2d 776 (1977). And, we have held that generally one cannot be liable simply for expressing an opinion. Hotchner v. Castillo-Puche, 551 F.2d 910, 913 (2d Cir.), cert. denied, 434 U.S. 834, 98 S.Ct. 120, 54 L.Ed.2d 95 (1977).

        The Supreme Court has also made clear that the constitutional protection afforded statements of opinion is not lost simply because the opinion is expressed through the use of figurative or hyperbolic language. In Greenbelt Cooperative Publishing Assn. v. Bresler, 398 U.S. 6, 90 S.Ct. 1537, 26 L.Ed.2d 6 (1970), a newspaper had reported that plaintiff had been characterized as "blackmailing" the city in connection with negotiations to obtain zoning variances. The Court held that the statement could not be read literally. "On the contrary, even the most careless reader must have perceived that the word was no more than rhetorical hyperbole, a vigorous epithet used by those who considered [plaintiff's] negotiating position extremely unreasonable." Id. at 14, 90 S.Ct. at 1542. Thus, the Court reversed the libel judgment that had been based on the statement.

        The Court reached a similar result in Old Dominion Branch No. 496, National Association of Letter Carriers v. Austin, 418 U.S. 264, 94 S.Ct. 2770, 41 L.Ed.2d 745 (1974). 3 In Old Dominion, the defendant labor union had called the plaintiff a scab and quoted a statement attributed to Jack London that defined a scab as "a traitor to his God, his country, his family and his class." Id. at 268, 94 S.Ct. at 2773. The Court found that the use of the word "traitor" was not a representation of fact. Rather, "[s]uch words were obviously used here in a loose, figurative sense.... Expression of such an opinion, even in the

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most pejorative terms, is protected...." Id. at 284, 94 S.Ct. at 2781. The Court concluded by noting that "London's 'definition of a scab' is merely rhetorical hyperbole, a lusty and imaginative expression of ... contempt." Id. at 285-86, 94 S.Ct. at 2781-82.

        Although it is clear that expressions of opinion are constitutionally protected, the determination of whether a specific statement is one of opinion or fact is difficult. As an initial matter, the inquiry into whether a statement should be viewed as one of fact or one of opinion must be made from the perspective of an "ordinary reader" of the statement. Buckley v. Littell, 539 F.2d at 894. It is also clear that the determination of whether a statement is opinion or rhetorical hyperbole as opposed to a factual representation is a question of law for the court. Davis v. Ross, 754 F.2d 80, 85 (2d Cir.1985); Ollman v. Evans, 750 F.2d 970, 978 (D.C.Cir.1984) (en banc); Lauderback v. American Broadcasting Cos., 741 F.2d 193, 196 n. 6 (8th Cir.1984), cert. denied, --- U.S. ----, 105 S.Ct. 961, 83 L.Ed.2d 967 (1985); Lewis v. Time Inc., 710 F.2d 549, 553 (9th Cir.1983); Rinsley v. Brandt, 700 F.2d 1304, 1309 (10th Cir.1983); Church of Scientology v. Siegelman, 475 F.Supp. 950, 955 (S.D.N.Y.1979); Rinaldi v. Holt, Rinehart & Winston, Inc., 42 N.Y.2d 369, 381, 366 N.E.2d 1299, 1306, 397 N.Y.S.2d 943, 950, cert. denied, 434 U.S. 969, 98 S.Ct. 514, 54 L.Ed.2d 456 (1977). Beyond this point, however, the law in this area is murky.

        We have had occasion to examine this area in several recent decisions. In Buckley v. Littell, our first post-Gertz decision, the district court had found that the book Wild Tongues by Franklin Littell libeled William F. Buckley, Jr. in three respects:

[F]irst, by labeling Buckley as a "fellow traveler" of "fascism" as those terms are defined in Wild Tongues ...; second, by saying that he acts as a "deceiver" and uses his journalistic position to spread materials from "openly fascist journals" under the guise of responsible conservatism ...; and third, by accusing Buckley of engaging in the same kind of libelous journalism as Westbrook Pegler practiced against Quentin Reynolds.

        539 F.2d at 887 (citations omitted). On appeal, we determined the first two statements to be protected opinion.

        With respect to the statement that Buckley is a fellow traveler of fascism, we viewed the concept conveyed to be "loose," "varying" and "insusceptible to proof of truth or falsity." Id. at 894. Thus, when viewed in the context in which it was made, the statement was "within the realm of protected opinion and idea under Gertz." Id. We also held that the statement that Buckley printed " 'news items' and interpretations picked up from the openly fascist journals" was "as much a matter of opinion or idea as is the question what constitutes 'fascism' or the 'radical right.' " Id. at 895. Thus, the statement could not support a libel action.

        Turning to the statement that "[l]ike Westbrook Pegler, who lied day after day in his column about Quentin Reynolds and goaded him into a lawsuit, Buckley could be taken to court by any one of several people who had enough money to hire competent legal counsel and nothing else to do," we determined that this statement was an assertion of fact; specifically, that Buckley had lied about and libeled several people. Id. We noted that "Littell must have known that when he directly compared Buckley's statements with those of a proven libeler, the clear meaning to be inferred was that he considered Buckley to be a libeler like Pegler." Id. at 896. Thus, unlike "the loosely definable, variously interpretable statements" referred to above, the statement that Buckley was engaging in libelous journalism was a factual assertion that, if false and made with actual malice, could support a libel action. Id. at 895-96.

        We next examined the constitutional distinction between statements of opinion and statements of fact in Hotchner v. Castillo-Puche. In Hotchner, Doubleday & Company was found liable for statements made about A.E. Hotchner in a book published by

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Doubleday entitled Hemingway in Spain. The statements described "Hotchner as a manipulator, a 'toady,' a 'hypocrite' who exhibited 'two-faced behavior' toward Hemingway's true friends and 'put up a very good front as [Hemingway's] mild-mannered, obedient servant,' an 'exploiter of [Hemingway's] reputation' who was 'never open and above board.' " 551 F.2d at 912.

        In analyzing Doubleday's liability, we recognized that "[a]n assertion that cannot be proved false cannot be held libellous. A writer cannot be sued for simply expressing his opinion of another person, however unreasonable the opinion or vituperous the expressing of it may be." Id. at 913. But, we also recognized that there is an exception to this general rule. We stated:

        Liability for libel may attach, however, when a negative characterization of a person is coupled with a clear but false implication that the author is privy to facts about the person that are unknown to the general reader. If an author represents that he has private, first-hand knowledge which substantiates the opinions he expresses, the expression of opinion becomes as damaging as an assertion of fact.

        Id. Because we found no evidence to indicate that Doubleday had reason to suspect that the author's opinion of Hotchner were based on privately known, untrue facts we reversed the judgment against Doubleday. Id. at 914.

        We again examined the distinction between opinion and fact in Edwards v. National Audubon Society, 556 F.2d 113 (2d Cir.), cert. denied, 434 U.S. 1002, 98 S.Ct. 647, 54 L.Ed.2d 498 (1977). In Edwards, the district court had found a portion of a letter written by Roland Clements, an officer and employee of the Audubon Society, to the New York Times libelous per se. Included in the letter was the following statement: "Nor do we like to call people liars, but those who have most consistently misused our data--[list of individuals, including plaintiffs]--certainly have had time to learn from our patient explanations of their misinterpretations of our data over the several years of the DDT controversy." Id. at 119. Looking to the context in which the epithet "liar" was used, we held that it "merely expressed the opinion that anyone who persisted in misusing Audubon statistics after being forewarned could not be intellectually honest. Since the basis for this opinion was fully set forth, the communication of Clements' views cannot be libelous, however mistaken they might be." Id. at 121. 4

        More recently, in Cianci v. New Times Publishing Co., 639 F.2d 54 (2d Cir.1980), we held that a statement alleging criminal conduct fell outside of the constitutional protection afforded opinion. At issue in Cianci was an article that charged Vincent Cianci, Jr., then seeking reelection as mayor of Providence, Rhode Island, with raping a woman at gunpoint and subsequently paying her $3,000 to drop rape charges. We determined that the charges made against Cianci were leveled in a literal sense and were not the use of undefinable language or rhetorical hyperbole, stating that to call the charges "merely an expression of 'opinion' would be to indulge in Humpty-Dumpty's use of language." Id. at 64. Thus, we held that direct accusations of criminal misconduct, even when the underlying facts are disclosed, are not protected as opinion. Id. at 65. Accord Rinaldi v. Holt, Rinehart & Winston, Inc., 42 N.Y.2d at 381-82, 366 N.E.2d at 1307, 397 N.Y.S.2d at 951.

        Although none of these four decisions can be said to establish an actual test for determining if a statement is protected

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opinion or unprotected fact, they do provide guidance. Thus, it is clear that we must examine both the context in which the statements are made and the circumstances surrounding the statements. See Edwards, 556 F.2d at 121; Buckley, 539 F.2d at 893-94. We must also look at the language itself to determine if it is used in a precise, literal manner or in a loose, figurative or hyperbolic sense. Cianci, 639 F.2d at 64; Buckley, 539 F.2d at 893-94. Related to this inquiry, we must examine the statements to determine if they are objectively capable of being proved true or false. Hotchner, 551 F.2d at 913; Buckley, 539 F.2d at 894. Finally, if the above analysis indicates that the statement is opinion, we must determine if it implies the allegation of undisclosed defamatory facts as the basis for the opinion. Davis, at 85-86; Cianci, 639 F.2d at 64-65; Hotchner, 551 F.2d at 913. 5

        In the recent en banc decision of the D.C. Circuit in Ollman v. Evans, 750 F.2d 970 (D.C.Cir.1984), Judge Starr, writing for the court, developed a similar guide to aid in the determination of whether the average reader would view a statement as one of fact or one of opinion. Judge Starr listed four factors that should be considered.

        First, a court should analyze "the common usage or meaning of the specific language" used in the challenged statement. Id. at 979. Such an analysis is helpful because the average reader is "considerably less likely to infer facts from an indefinite or ambiguous statement than one with a commonly understood meaning." Id. Second, a court should consider whether the statement is "objectively capable of proof or disproof." Id. at 981. This analysis is important because "[l]acking a clear method of verification ... the trier of fact may improperly tend to render a decision based upon approval or disapproval of the contents of the statement, its author, or its subject." Id. Third, a court should examine the immediate context in which the statement is made. Id. at 982. "The language of the entire column may signal that a specific statement which, standing alone, would appear to be factual is in actuality a statement of opinion." Id. Finally, the court should examine "the broader social context into which the statement fits," id. at 983, and "the different social conventions or customs inherent in different types of writing." Id. at 984. This inquiry recognizes that "[s]ome types of writing or speech by custom or convention signal to readers or listeners that what is being read or heard is likely to be opinion, not fact." Id. at 983.

        Turning to the instant case, we believe that application of the guidelines culled from our previous opinions and Judge Starr's opinion in Ollman mandates a holding that five of the six statements submitted to the jury were opinion rather than fact. Only the statement that Mr. Chow served Peking Duck in one dish rather

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than the traditional three can be considered factual.

        1. Context

        As indicated earlier, both the immediate and broader context in which a statement occurs can indicate that what appears to be a statement of fact is in reality protected opinion. The opinion of the Massachusetts Supreme Court in Myers v. Boston Magazine Co., 380 Mass. 336, 403 N.E.2d 376 (1980), is a clear example of such a situation. In Myers, a sports announcer sued over a statement that appeared in a magazine section entitled "Best & Worst: SPORTS." The section named Myers as the worst sports announcer, stating that he was "[t]he only newscaster in town who is enrolled in a course for remedial speaking." Id. at 338, 403 N.E.2d at 377. Looking to the entire context, the court concluded that it was clear that the statement was opinion. It stated:

The "Best and Worst" format invites the reader to test his opinions against the author's. Some of the recipients of the "awards" may have been so interested as to take them seriously, but the reasonable reader could only approach the article with a measure of scepticism and an expectation of amusement. Neither of these predispositions is conducive to misunderstanding a joke as a statement of fact.

        Id. at 342, 403 N.E.2d at 380.

        Similarly, in Mashburn v. Collin, 355 So.2d 879 (La.1977), the Supreme Court of Louisiana found the context in which critical remarks about a restaurant were made to indicate that the statements were protected opinion. Among the statements alleged to be defamatory were the following: "the piece de resistance that turns [the stuffed eggplant] into a gourmet dish is to empty a shaker full (more or less) of paprika on top of it;" the sauce on the duck was "yellow death on duck;" and the poached trout should be named "trout a la green plague." Id. at 888. The court stated that taken by themselves these statements "would appear to be allegations of fact." Id. at 889. However, it held that "[i]n the final analysis, when we read the entire piece of criticism to determine how ordinary reasonable persons hearing or reading the statements would be likely to understand them, we find that they would be regarded as expressions of the writer's opinion, and not as statements of fact." Id. 6

        Likewise, the court in Ollman relied on the context in which the disputed statements were made to support its conclusion that the statements would be recognized as opinion. The statement at issue appeared in a column on the Op-Ed page of a newspaper. The court stated that Op-Ed pages are the well recognized home of opinion and comment and thus the average reader will be influenced to read statements located there as opinion. Ollman, 750 F.2d at 986-87.

        Restaurant reviews are also the well recognized home of opinion and comment. Indeed, "[b]y its very nature, an article commenting upon the quality of a restaurant or its food, like a review of a play or movie, constitutes the opinion of the reviewer." Greer v. Columbus Monthly Publishing Corp., 4 Ohio App.3d 235, 238, 448 N.E.2d 157, 161 (1982). The natural function of the review is to convey the critic's opinion of the restaurant reviewed: the food, the service, the decor, the atmosphere, and so forth. Such matters are to a large extent controlled by personal tastes. The average reader approaches a review with the knowledge

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that it contains only one person's views of the establishment. And importantly, "[a]s is essential in aesthetic criticism ... the object of the judgment is available to the critic's audience." Myers, 380 Mass. at 341, 403 N.E.2d at 379. Appellee does not cite a single case that has found a restaurant review libelous. Appellants and amici, on the other hand, cite numerous decisions that have refused to do so. 7 Although the rationale underlying each of these decisions is different, they all recognize to some extent that reviews, although they may be unkind, are not normally a breeding ground for successful libel actions.

        2. Language Used

        Recognizing that reviews are normally conveyors of opinion, we turn to the language in the review before us to see if it makes factual representations. Examining the language in the review itself, we cannot say that it would cause the average reader to believe that the writer in five of the six contested remarks had gone beyond statements of opinion. It is clear that the writer's statements would be protected if he had merely said: I found it difficult to get the basic seasonings on my table. The sweet and sour pork was too doughy for my tastes. The green peppers served with the pork were not hot enough. The fried rice was too oily. And the pancakes served with the Peking Duck were too thick. The question thus becomes, did the writer's use of metaphors and hyperbole turn his comments into factual statements. We believe that it did not.

        The protection afforded exaggerated or hyperbolic language stems from the Supreme Court's Greenbelt decision where the Court held that non-actionable statements do not become actionable merely because they are expressed in the form of rhetorical hyperbole. As the Fourth Circuit has said: "To deny to the press the right to use hyperbole ... would condemn the press to an arid, desiccated recital of bare facts." Time, Inc. v. Johnston, 448 F.2d 378, 384 (4th Cir.1971).

        The above principle has been applied to reviews. For example, in Mashburn, the court recognized that the use of mock praise or hyperbole did not prevent the average reader from viewing the statements involved as expressions of opinion. For example, with respect to the statement about the eggplant, the court stated: "The tenor and context of this remark unmistakably indicate that it is an example of hyperbole which meant merely that in the critic's opinion a large amount of paprika unnecessarily had been added to the dish." 355 So.2d at 889.

        The Myers Court expressed similar sentiments. In Myers, the plaintiff argued that the statement was not protected hyperbole or mere rhetorical excess because it lacked popular figurative meaning. The court rejected this argument, stating:

[T]he mere presence of a different kind of figurative language from that found in other cases does not free this case from the claims of the distinction between fact and opinion. If the device here is lacking in art, it is no less figurative than a vague epithet or a soaring metaphor. And it deserves the same protection under the First Amendment.

        380 Mass. at 344, 403 N.E.2d at 380-81 (footnote omitted). 8

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        The instant case is similar to Mashburn and Myers. The Guide is a review known for its "pointed commentary" and for being interesting and fun to read. Tr. at 245. Thus, one would expect the review writer to attempt to use metaphors, exaggeration and hyperbole. Looking at five of the six statements involved: (1) it was "impossible" to get the basic seasonings on the table; (2) the sweet and sour pork contained "more dough than meat;" (3) the green peppers were "still frozen" on the plate; (4) the fried rice was "soaking" in oil; and (5) the pancakes were the "thickness of a finger;" we believe that they are clearly an attempt to interject style into the review rather than an attempt to convey with technical precision literal facts about the restaurant. The author obviously believed that the service was bad, the pork was too doughy, the peppers were too cold, the rice was too oily and the pancakes were too thick. The average reader would understand the author's statements to be attempts to express his opinions through the use of metaphors and hyperbole. Because the average reader would understand the statements involved to be opinion, the statements are entitled to the same constitutional protection as a straightforward expression of opinion would receive.

        3. Truth/Falsity

        The final factor that our previous decisions indicate should be examined is whether the statement is objectively capable of being proved true or false. As Judge Starr stated in Ollman, "a reader cannot rationally view an unverifiable statement as conveying actual facts." 750 F.2d at 981.

        This factor also weighs in favor of determining five of the six statements to be opinion. Only if taken literally can any of the five statements be deemed capable of being proved false. As we have just concluded, however, a reasonable reader would not take these statements literally. Read reasonably, the statements are incapable of being proved false. For example, the proper amount of oil in fried rice is clearly a matter of personal taste. What is too oily for one person may be perfect for some other person. The same can be said for the temperature of vegetables, the thickness of pancakes, the amount of dough in sweet and sour pork and the quality of service. 9 Perhaps Mr. Chow could prove that the reviewer's personal tastes are bizarre and his opinions unreasonable, but that does not destroy their entitlement to constitutional protection.

        When viewed in the entire context and given a reasonable rather than a literal reading, only the statement that Mr. Chow served Peking Duck in one dish instead of the traditional three can be viewed as an assertion of fact. The statement is not metaphorical of hyperbolic; it clearly is laden with factual content. Moreover, the statement contains allegations that are seemingly capable of being proved true or false. However, even if we accept the statement as factual and assume that it can be viewed as defamatory, 10 the statement cannot support the judgment entered below.

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Mr. Chow did not prove that the statement was made with malice.

B. Malice

        Mr. Chow does not contest its characterization as a public figure for purposes of First Amendment analysis. Thus, before it can recover in libel it must prove that any false statements of fact in the review were made with actual malice. "The burden of proving 'actual malice' requires the plaintiff to demonstrate with clear and convincing evidence that the defendant realized that his statement was false or that he subjectively entertained serious doubt as to the truth of his statement." Bose Corp. v. Consumers Union of United States, --- U.S. ----, ---- n. 30, 104 S.Ct. 1949, 1965 n. 30, 80 L.Ed.2d 502 (1984).

        Our role in reviewing a finding of malice is clear.

The question whether the evidence in the record in a defamation case is of the convincing clarity required to strip the utterance of First Amendment protection is not merely a question for the trier of fact. Judges, as expositors of the Constitution, must independently decide whether the evidence in the record is sufficient to cross the constitutional threshold that bars the entry of any judgment that is not supported by clear and convincing proof of "actual malice."

        Id. at ----, 104 S.Ct. at 1965. After undertaking such an examination of the record, we are convinced that with respect to the one factual statement submitted to the jury the evidence of malice is not clear and convincing. 11

        The only evidence of malice Mr. Chow points to is: (1) the statement that Peking Duck is traditionally served as three dishes is false; and (2) the number of dishes listed in the review as the traditional serving of Peking Duck was changed from five to three by Millau during the editing process. Br. of Mr. Chow at 29-30. Such evidence is clearly inadequate. Assuming that Bridault and Millau were in error, there is no evidence that supports an inference that they knew or suspected that they were in error.

        The most likely explanation of Bridault's confusion over the number of dishes in a traditional serving of Peking Duck came from Michael Chow himself. In a deposition, Bridault had stated that he had eaten at the Peking Duck Restaurant in Peking. Responding to a question about the Peking Duck Restaurant, Michael Chow stated:

        And so when you look at the menu of the Peking Duck Restaurant, soup is made out of duck, all kinds of things made out of duck. So obviously, when you go there, you must have the Peking duck, otherwise there is no point. So when you go there to have the Peking duck, you usually have two or three or five other accompanying dishes to the Peking duck.

        And I think Mr. Bridault probably was under the impression when he went, he had three dishes, and he maybe misunderstood that traditionally everybody have three dishes when you have Peking duck, and it's not true.

        Tr. at 81. Because of the absence of evidence showing either that Bridault or Millau knew that Peking Duck was not traditionally served as three dishes or that they subjectively entertained serious doubts about the accuracy of the statement that it is traditionally served in three dishes, we cannot say that the existence of malice has been established by clear and convincing evidence. Thus, this statement cannot support the judgment entered below.

CONCLUSION

        We conclude that five of the six statements submitted to the jury were statements of opinion and thus constitutionally protected. Plaintiff has failed to prove by clear and convincing evidence that the sixth

Page 231

statement, even if false and defamatory, was made with actual malice. Moreover, Mr. Chow points to no statements that could support a jury verdict in a new trial. Therefore, the judgment below is vacated and the case is remanded to the district court with instructions to dismiss the complaint.

---------------

1 This translation which was attached to the plaintiff's complaint is the one prepared by Dr. Joseph, a witness for Mr. Chow. It is not the version that appears in the English version of the Guide.

2 Appellants also challenge the proof of falsity, the proof of damages, the liability of Ste. Jour and Gault and a number of evidentiary rulings, particularly the admission of the video tape reproduction of the Mr. Chow chefs at work and the in-court demonstration of the preparation of pancakes. We do not consider any of these arguments. However, we do note that in circumstances such as this, the district court should carefully consider the concerns of Fed.R.Evid. 403 before admitting evidence such as the video tape reproduction and the live demonstration.

3 Although Old Dominion involved the application of federal labor law, the Court's analysis drew heavily from Gertz and other First Amendment/defamation cases. The courts of appeals have frequently interpreted the Old Dominion decision as supplying First Amendment standards. See, e.g., Ollman v. Evans, 750 F.2d 970, 976 (D.C.Cir.1984) (en banc); see also id. at 999 n. 4 (Bork, J., concurring); Lauderback v. American Broadcasting Cos., 741 F.2d 193, 197 (8th Cir.1984), cert. denied, --- U.S. ----, 105 S.Ct. 961, 83 L.Ed.2d 967 (1985); Pring v. Penthouse International, 695 F.2d 438, 440 (10th Cir.1982), cert. denied, 462 U.S. 1132, 103 S.Ct. 3112, 77 L.Ed.2d 1367 (1983); Street v. National Broadcasting Co., 645 F.2d 1227, 1232 (6th Cir.), cert. dismissed per stipulation, 454 U.S. 1095, 102 S.Ct. 667, 70 L.Ed.2d 636 (1981).

4 In Edwards, we distinguished the epithet "liar" from the epithet "paid liar." We found that unlike calling someone a liar, charging someone with being a paid liar was an assertion of fact. We explained:

[T]o call the appellees, all of whom were university professors, paid liars clearly involves defamation that far exceeds the bounds of the prior controversy.... And, to say a scientist is paid to lie implies corruption, and not merely a poor opinion of his scientific integrity. Such a statement requires a factual basis....

556 F.2d at 121 n. 5.

5 The Restatement (Second) of Torts provides a similar exception to the protection afforded opinion. Section 566 states:

A defamatory communication may consist of a statement in the form of an opinion, but a statement of this nature is actionable only if it implies the allegation of undisclosed defamatory facts as the basis for the opinion.

The Eighth Circuit has recently examined the rationale behind this exception:

While the right of free speech provides absolute protection to statements which are purely opinions, Gertz v. Welch, 418 U.S. at 339-40, 94 S.Ct. at 3006-07, it is conceded that statements clothed as opinion which imply that they are based on undisclosed, defamatory facts are not protected. This stricture on publication of opinion rests on the assumption that, given all the facts of a situation, the public can independently evaluate the merits of even the most outrageous opinion and discredit those that are unfounded. On the other hand, when an opinion held out for belief is stated so that the average listener would infer that the speaker had an undisclosed factual basis for holding the opinion, the listener does not have the tools necessary to independently evaluate the opinion and may rely on unfounded opinion that defames an individual.

Lauderback, 741 F.2d at 195-96. Although there may be situations where this exception is applicable to a restaurant review, Mr. Chow does not contend that it should be invoked in the instant case. Thus, we will not consider its applicability to the case before us.

6 We briefly discussed Mashburn in Cianci. In reaching its result the Mashburn Court discussed Restatement (Second) of Torts Sec. 566 (1977), see n. 5 supra. In Cianci, we stated:

Another opinion which cited Sec. 566 with approval, but has no bearing on the instant case, is Mashburn v. Collins [sic], 355 So.2d 879 (La.1977), which involved a detailed adverse newspaper review of the cuisine at a newly opened restaurant, This again was a matter of opinion which would ultimately be resolved by the taste buds. If the review had claimed that the restaurant had used condemned food or was in violation of sanitation laws, the result could and, in our view, should have been different.

639 F.2d at 65 n. 14.

7 See, e.g., Golden v. Elmira Star Gazette, 9 Med.L.Rep. (BNA) 1183 (N.Y.Sup.Ct. Ontario County 1983); Greer v. Columbus Monthly Publishing Corp., 4 Ohio App.3d 235, 448 N.E.2d 157 (1982); Kuan Sing Enterprises v. T.W. Wang, Inc., 86 A.D.2d 549, 446 N.Y.S.2d 76 (1st Dep't), aff'd, 58 N.Y.2d 708, 444 N.E.2d 1008, 458 N.Y.S.2d 544 (1982); Pritsker v. Brudnoy, 389 Mass. 776, 452 N.E.2d 227 (1983); Havalunch, Inc. v. Mazza, 294 S.E.2d 70 (W.Va.1981); Ihle v. Florida Publishing Co., 5 Med.L.Rep. (BNA) 2005 (Fla.Cir.Ct.1979); Mashburn v. Collin, 355 So.2d 879 (La.1977); Steak Bit of Westbury, Inc. v. Newsday, Inc., 70 Misc.2d 437, 334 N.Y.S.2d 325 (Sup.Ct. Nassau County 1972); Twenty-Five East 40th Street Restaurant Corp. v. Forbes, Inc., 37 A.D.2d 546, 322 N.Y.S.2d 408 (1st Dep't 1971), aff'd, 30 N.Y.2d 595, 331 N.Y.S.2d 29, 282 N.E.2d 118 (1972).

8 Courts have expressed similar views when invoking the common law doctrine of fair comment. For example, in Briarcliff Lodge Hotel v. Citizen-Sentinel Publishers, 260 N.Y. 106, 183 N.E. 193 (1932), the New York Court of Appeals stated: "Mere exaggeration, slight irony or wit, or all those delightful touches of style which go to make an article readable, do not push beyond the limitations of fair comment." Id. at 118-19, 183 N.E. at 198. See also Havalunch, 294 S.E.2d at 75-76.

9 We do not include the fact that the food in question has been consumed and is no longer in existence as a factor in determining whether the truthfulness of the statements can be verified. That fact presents an evidentiary problem, however.

10 We do question, however, whether such a statement could have substantially disparaged Mr. Chow's reputation. As amici point out, if the error is clear, it reflects more on Bridault's knowledge than on Mr. Chow's reputation. Moreover, even if this one statement of fact is defamatory and malicious, we would be concerned about allowing Mr. Chow to pin his total loss of profits that allegedly resulted from the review on one relatively minor factual inaccuracy in a review full of protected critical comments. The lost profits may have been caused by the protected statements rather than the unprotected statement. Thus, we would not allow recovery for lost profits without some proof of causation tied to the statement about the Peking Duck.

11 Because the case comes to us from a general verdict, we cannot be sure that the jury found that this statement was made with malice. For purposes of our review, we will assume that the jury did make such a finding.

Close

Case Information

June 07, 2013

1985-03-28

759 F2d 219

United States Court of Appeals Second Circuit

Author Stats

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Houston Lighting & Power Co. Case created: Winter v. G.P.Putnam & Sons Case created: Brower v. Ackerley Case created: O'Brien v. Muskin Corp. Case created: Marsalis v. LaSalle Case created: Sanderson v. International Flavors and Fragrances Case created: American Tobacco Co. v. Grinnell Case created: Phantom Touring, Inc. v. Affiliated Publications, Inc. Case created: Boyette v. Trans World Airlines Case created: Manning v. Brannon Case created: Cardtoons, L.C. v. Major League Baseball Players Ass'n Case created: Connolly v. Nicollet Hotel Case created: Marzolf v. Stone Case created: CompuServe Inc. v. Cyber Promotions, Inc. Case created: Kelly v. Gwinnell Case created: Perry v. S.N. and S.N. Case created: Mercado v. Ahmed Case created: Peoples Bank & Trust Co. v. Globe International Publishing, Inc. Case created: Hammontree v. Jenner Case created: Coney v. J.L.G. Industries, Inc. Case created: Procanik by Procanik v. Cillo Case created: Rodi Yachts Inc. v. National Marine, Inc Case created: H.E. Butt Groc. Co. v. Resendez Case created: Bartlett v. New Mexico Welding Supply, Inc. Case created: Olin Corp v. Smith Case Cheatham v. Pohle collaged to Matt Case created: Allen v. Hannaford Case Allen v. Hannaford collaged to Assault Case created: Picard v. Barry Pontiac-Buick Case Brower v. Ackerley collaged to Assault Brower Case Langford v. Shu collaged to Test Case Brzoska v. Olson collaged to Brzoska v. Olson Case Harris v. Jones collaged to Harris v. Jones Case Cohen v. Smith collaged to Cohen v. Smith Case Tarasoff v. Regents of University of California collaged to Duty to Control Others: Tarasoff v. Regents of University of California Case Christensen v. Swenson collaged to Vicarious Liability: Christensen v. Swenson Case Petrovich v. Share Health Plan of Illinois, Inc. collaged to Vicarious Liability: Petrovich v. Share Health Plan of Illinois, Inc. Case Tunkl v. Regents of the University of California collaged to Assumption of Risk: Tunkl v. Regents of the University of California Case Cohen v. McIntyre collaged to Assumption of Risk: Cohen v. McIntyre Case Shorter v. Drury collaged to Assumption of Risk: Shorter v. Drury Case Woodall v. Wayne Steffner Productions collaged to Assumption of Risk: Woodall v. Wayne Steffner Productions Case Lowe v. California League of Professional baseball collaged to Assumption of Risk: Lowe v. California League of Professional baseball Case Parvi v. City of Kingston collaged to False Imprisonment: Parvi v. City of Kingston Case Hardy v. LaBelle's Distributing Co. collaged to False Imprisonment: Hardy v. LaBelle's Distributing Co. Case Eilers v. Coy collaged to False Imprisonment: Eilers v. Coy Case Peterson v. Sorlien collaged to False Imprisonment: Peterson v. Sorlien Case Ford Motor Co. v. Matthews collaged to Products Liability : Ford Motor Co. v. Matthews Case Friedman v. General Motors Corp. collaged to Products Liability : Friedman v. General Motors Corp. Case Medtronic, Inc. v. Lohr collaged to Products Liability : Medtronic, Inc. v. Lohr Case Barmore v. Elmore collaged to Duty to Control Others: Barmore v. Elmore Case Boyd v. Racine Currency Exchange collaged to Duty to Control Others: Boyd v. Racine Currency Exchange Case Brosnahan v. Western Air Lines collaged to Duty to Control Others: Brosnahan v. Western Air Lines Case Charles v. Seigfried collaged to Duty to Control Others: Charles v. Seigfried Case Conboy v. Mogeloff collaged to Duty to Control Others: Conboy v. Mogeloff Case Cuppy v. Bunch collaged to Duty to Control Others: Cuppy v. Bunch Case Einhorn v. Seeley collaged to Duty to Control Others: Einhorn v. Seeley Case Hawkins v. Pizarro collaged to Duty to Control Others: Hawkins v. Pizarro Case Hegel v. Langsam collaged to Duty to Control Others: Hegel v. Langsam Case Jacobsma v. Goldberg's Fashion Forum collaged to Duty to Control Others: Jacobsma v. Goldberg's Fashion Forum Case J.S. and M.S. v. R.T.H. collaged to Duty to Control Others: J.S. and M.S. v. R.T.H. Case Kelly v. Gwinnell collaged to Duty to Control Others: Kelly v. Gwinnell Case Kline v. 1500 Massachusetts Avenue Apartment Corp. collaged to Duty to Control Others: Kline v. 1500 Massachusetts Avenue Apartment Corp. Case Garratt v. Dailey collaged to Garratt v. Dailey Case Grabowski v. Quigley collaged to Grabowski v. Quigley Case Hollerud v. Malamis collaged to Hollerud v. Malamis Case Keel v. Hainline collaged to Keel v. Hainline Case Knight v. Jewett collaged to Knight v. Jewett Case Leichtman v. WLW Jacor Communications, Inc. collaged to Leichtman v. WLW Jacor Communications, Inc. Case Madden v. D.D. Transit System, Inc. collaged to Madden v. D.D. Transit System, Inc. Case Manning v. Grimsley collaged to Manning v. Grimsley Case Miller v. Couvillion collaged to Miller v. Couvillion Case Polmatier v. Russ collaged to Polmatier v. Russ Case Wallace v. Rosen collaged to Wallace v. Rosen Case Werth v. Taylor collaged to Werth v. Taylor Case White v. University of Idaho collaged to White v. University of Idaho Case Bennight v. Western Auto Supply Co. collaged to "Transferring" Intent Case Enright v. Groves collaged to False arrest Case Kelley Kar Company v. Maryland Casualty Co. collaged to Conversion Case Kremen v. Cohen collaged to Conversion Case Murray v. Schlosser collaged to Defamation Case O'Keeffe v. Snyder collaged to Conversion and adverse possession Case Slocum v. Food Fair Stores of Florida collaged to IIED: Slocum v. Food Fair Stores of Florida Case State Rubbish Collectors Ass'n v. Siliznoff collaged to IIED: State Rubbish Collectors Ass'n v. Siliznoff Case Taylor v. Vallelunga collaged to IIED: Taylor v. Vallelunga Case Pemberton v. Bethlehem Steel Corp collaged to Invasion of privacy Case Russel-Vaughn Ford, Inc. v. Rouse collaged to Conversion without possession Case Van Duyn v. Smith collaged to Libel and statements of opinion Case Wiseman v. Schaffer collaged to Conversion and intent Case Polmatier v. Russ collaged to Insanity and intent Case Welge v. Planters Lifesavers Co collaged to (M. Defects) Welge v. Planters Lifesavers Co Case Doyle v. Pillsbury Co. collaged to (M. Defects) Doyle v. Pillsbury Co. Case Mexicali Rose v. Superior Court collaged to (Nothing) Mexicali Rose v. Superior Court Case Speller v. Sears, Roebuck & Co. collaged to (M. Defects) Sellers v. Sears Case Keen v. Dominick's Finer Foods, Inc. collaged to (M. Defects) Keen v. Dominick's Finer Foods, Inc. Case Klages v. General Ordnance Equipment Co. collaged to (M. Defects) Klages v. General Ordinance Equipment Co. Case Klages v. General Ordnance Equipment Co. collaged to (Unsure) Klages v. General Ordinance Equipment Co. Case Magrine v. Krasnica collaged to (M. Defects) Magrine v. Krasnica Case CompuServe Inc. v. Cyber Promotions, Inc. collaged to CompuServe Inc. v. Cyber Promotions, Inc. Case created: Intel v. Hamidi Case Intel v. Hamidi collaged to Intel v. Hamidi Case created: Glidden v. Szybiak Case Glidden v. Szybiak collaged to Glidden v. Szybiak Case created: Vosburg v. Putney Case Vosburg v. Putney collaged to Vosburg v. Putney Case created: Ebaugh v. Rabkin Case Ebaugh v. Rabkin collaged to Ebaugh v. Rabkin Case Anderson v. Minneapolis, St. P. & S. St. M. R.R. Co. collaged to Anderson v. Minneapolis Case Alami v. Volkswagen of America, Inc. collaged to Defenses to Product Liability: Alami v. Volkswagen of America, Inc. Case Ford Motor Co. v. Matthews collaged to Defenses to Product Liability: Ford Motor Co. v. Matthews Case created: People Express Airlines, Inc. v. Consolidated Rail Corporation Case Nutting v. Ford Motor Co collaged to (M. Defects) Nutting v. Ford Motor Co Case Rix v. General Motors Corp. collaged to (M. Defects) Rix v. General Motors Corp Case Saloomey v. Jeppesen collaged to (M. Def) Saloomey v. Jeppesen Case Winter v. G.P.Putnam & Sons collaged to (M. Def) Winter v. G.P. Putnam & Sons Case Cafazzo v. Central Medical Health Services, Inc. collaged to Products Liability : Cafazzo v. Central Medical Health Services, Inc. Case Casa Clara Condominium Association, Inc. v. Charly Toppino & Sons, Inc. collaged to Products Liability : Casa Clara Condominium Association, Inc. v. Charly Toppino & Sons, Inc. Case Geier v. American Honda Motor Co. collaged to Products Liability : Geier American Honda Motor Co. Case Hector v. Cedars-Sinai Medical Ctr. collaged to Products Liability : Hector v. Cedars-Sinai Medical Ctr. Case Peterson v. Lou Bachrodt Chevrolet Co. collaged to Products Liability : Peterson v. Lou Bachrodt Chevrolet Co. Case Sindell v. Abbott Laboratories collaged to Products Liability : Sindell v. Abbott Laboratories Case Baggett v. National Bank & Trust Co. collaged to False Imprisonment: Baggett v. National Bank & Trust Co. Case Coblyn v. Kennedy's, Inc. collaged to False Imprisonment: Coblyn v. Kennedy's Inc. Case Coblyn v. Kennedy's, Inc. collaged to False Imprisonment: Coblyn v. Kennedy's Inc. Case Bright v. Ailshie collaged to False Imprisonment: Bright v. Ailshie Case Colonial Inn Motor Lodge v. Gay collaged to Proximate Cause: Colonial Inn Motor Lodge v. Gay Case Steinhauser v. Hertz Corp collaged to Proximate Cause: Steinhauser v. Hertz Corp. Case Johnson v. Kosmos Portland Cement Co. collaged to Proximate Cause: Johnson v. Kosmos Portland Cement Co. Case Yun v. Ford Motor Co. collaged to Proximate Cause: Yun v. Ford Motor Co. Case Halliday v. Sturm, Ruger & Co. collaged to Design Defects: Halliday v. Sturm, Ruger & Co. Case O'Brien v. Muskin Corp. collaged to Design Defects: O'Brien v. Muskin Corp Case Henry v. Houston Lighting & Power Co. collaged to Proximate Cause: Henry v. Houston Lighting & Power Co. (SQUIB) Case Yun v. Ford Motor Co. collaged to Proximate Cause: Yun v. Ford Motor Co. (SQUIB) Case Fuller v. Preis collaged to Proximate Cause: Fuller v. Preis (SQUIB) Case Parvi v. City of Kingston collaged to ledzeppelin Case Eilers v. Coy collaged to Eilers false imprisonment Case Cohen v. Smith collaged to Battery: Cohen v. Smith Case Riss v. New York collaged to Government Liability: Riss v. New York Case Kelly v. Gwinnell collaged to testing Case United States v. Lawter collaged to Government Liability: United States v. Lawter Case Wanzer v. DC collaged to Government Liability: Wanzer v. DC Case Frank v. United States collaged to Government Liability: Frank v. United States Case Williams v. US collaged to Government Liability: Williams v. US Case created: People v. Zackowitz Case created: United States v. Stanley Case created: Kimel v. Florida Board of Regents Case created: United States v. E.C. Knight Co. Case created: Plessy v. Ferguson Case created: Allgeyer v. Louisiana Case created: McCulloch v. Maryland Case created: Champion v. Ames (The Lottery Case) Case created: Lochner v. New York Case created: Muller v. Oregon Case created: Twining v. New Jersey Case created: Gibbons v. Ogden Case created: Houston, East & West Texas Railway Co. v. United States Case created: Coppage v. Kansas Case created: Hammer v. Dagenhart Case created: Frohwerk v. United States Case created: Debs v. United States Case created: Schenck v. United States Case created: Abrams v. United States Case created: Adkins v. Children's Hospital Case created: Meyer v. Nebraska Case created: Gitlow v. New York Case created: United States v. Emerson Case created: Weaver v. Palmer Bros. Co. Case created: Myers v. United States Case created: Buck v. Bell Case created: Whitney v. California Case created: Miller v. Schoene Case created: Near v. State of Minnesota ex rel. Olson Case created: Home Building & Loan Assn. v. Blaisdell Case created: Nebbia v. New York Case created: Panama Refining Co. v. Ryan Case created: A.L.A. Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States Case created: Humphrey's Executor v. United States Case created: United States v. Butler Case created: Carter v. Carter Coal Co. Case created: United States v. Curtiss-Wright Export Corp. Case created: West Coast Hotel v. Parrish Case created: NLRB v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp. Case created: South Carolina State Highway Dept. v. Barnwell Brothers, Inc. Case created: Lovell v. City of Griffin, GA Case created: United States v. Carolene Products Co. Case created: Hague v. Committee for Industrial Organization Case created: Schneider v. New Jersey Case created: Silveira v. Lockyer Case created: United States v. Darby Case created: Hines, Secretary of Labor and Industry of Pennsylvania v. Davidowitz Case created: Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire Case created: Skinner v. Oklahoma Case created: Wickard v. Filburn Case created: Ex Parte Quirin Case created: West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette Case created: United States v. Ballard Case created: Korematsu v. United States Case created: Southern Pacific Co. v. Arizona Ex Rel. Sullivan, Attorney General Case created: Marsh v. Alabama Case created: Barron v. Mayor and City Council of Baltimore Case created: Adamson v. California Case created: Shelley v. Kraemer Case created: Toomer v. Witsell Case created: Railway Express Agency, Inc. v. New York Case created: H.P. Hood & Sons, Inc. v. Du Mond, Commissioner of Agriculture and Markets of New York Case created: Feiner v. New York Case created: Dean Milk Co. v. City of Madison, Wisconsin Case created: Dennis v. United States Case created: Beauharnais v. Illinois Case created: Terry v. Adams Case created: Brown v. Board of Education (Brown I) Case created: Williamson v. Lee Optical of Oklahoma, Inc. Case created: Brown v. Board of Education (Brown II) Case created: Roth v. United States Case created: Wiener v. United States Case created: NAACP v. State of Alabama, ex rel. Patterson Case created: Speiser v. Randall Case created: Bibb, Director, Dept. of Public Safety of Illinois v. Navajo Freight Lines, Inc. Case created: Burton v. Wilmington Parking Authority Case created: Poe v. Ullman Case created: Baker v. Carr Case created: Florida Lime & Avocado Growers, Inc. v. Paul, Director Dept. of Agriculture of California Case created: Wesberry v. Sanders Case created: Reynolds v. Sims Case created: Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. United States Case created: Katzenbach v. McClung Case created: Evans v. Newton Case created: Harper v. Virginia State Board of Elections Case created: Katzenbach v. Morgan Case created: Abbott Laboratories v. Gardner Case created: Reitman v. Mulkey Case created: Loving v. Virginia Case created: Amalgamated Food Employees Union Local, 590 v. Logan Valley Plaza, Inc. Case created: United States v. O'Brien Case created: Flast v. Cohen Case created: Stanley v. Georgia Case created: Brandenburg v. Ohio Case created: Powell v. McCormack Case created: Kramer v. Union Free School District Case created: Loren J. Pike v. Bruce Church, Inc. Case created: Goldberg v. Kelly Case created: Dandridge v. Williams Case created: Boddie v. Connecticut Case created: Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education Case created: Coates v. City of Cincinnati Case created: Cohen v. California Case created: Palmer v. Thompson Case created: Graham v. Richardson Case created: New York Times Co. v. United States Case created: Eisenstadt v. Baird Case created: Gooding v. Wilson Case created: Stanley v. Illinois Case created: Wisconsin v. Yoder Case created: Moose Lodge No. 107 v. Irvis Case created: Lloyd Corp. v. Tanner Case created: Board of Regents v. Roth Case created: Police Department of the City of Chicago v. Mosley Case created: United States v. Kras Case created: Roe v. Wade Case created: San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez Case created: Frontiero v. Richardson Case created: Miller v. California Case created: Norwood v. Harrison Case created: Paris Adult Theatre I v. Slaton Case created: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture v. Moreno Case created: Geduldig v. Aiello Case created: United States v. Richardson Case created: Gertz v. Welch Case created: United States v. Richard M. Nixon, President of the United States Case created: Milliken v. Bradley Case created: Jackson v. Metropolitan Edison Co. Case created: Goss v. Lopez Case created: Cox Broadcasting Corp. v. Cohn Case created: Buckley v. Valeo Case created: Mathews v. Eldridge Case created: Hudgens v. National Labor Relations Board Case created: Paul v. Davis Case created: Virginia State Board of Pharmacy v. Virginia Citizens Consumer Council, Inc. Case created: Washington v. Davis Case created: National League of Cities v. Usery Case created: Massachusetts Board of Retirement v. Murgia Case created: Fitzpatrick v. Bitzer Case created: Young v. American Mini-Theatres, Inc. Case created: Nebraska Press Assn. v. Stuart Case created: Singleton v. Wulff Case created: Planned Parenthood v. Danforth Case created: Craig v. Boren Case created: Village of Arlington Heights v. Metropolitan Housing Development Corp. Case created: Whalen v. Roe Case created: Califano v. Webster Case created: Bounds v. Smith Case created: United States Trust Co. v. New Jersey Case created: Moore v. City of East Cleveland, Ohio Case created: Linmark Associations, Inc. v. Township of Willingboro Case created: Hunt, Governor of the State of North Carolina v. Washington State Apple Advertising Comm'n Case created: Zablocki v. Redhail Case created: Foley v. Connelie Case created: Lester Baldwin v. Fish and Game Commn. of Montana Case created: Exxon Corp. v. Governor of Maryland Case created: City of Philadelphia v. New Jersey Case created: Allied Structural Steel Co. v. Spannaus Case created: Federal Communications Commn. v. Pacifica Foundation Case created: Friedman v. Rogers Case created: Orr v. Orr Case created: New York City Transit Authority v. Beazer Case created: Hughes v. Oklahoma Case created: Ambach v. Norwick Case created: Personnel Administrator of Massachusetts v. Feeney Case created: Bellotti v. Baird Case created: Goldwater v. Carter Case created: United States Parole Commn. v. Geraghty Case created: City of Mobile v. Bolden Case created: Reeves, Inc. v. William Stake Case created: Central Hudson Gas & Electric Corp. v. Public Service Commn. New York Case created: Harris v. McRae Case created: United States Railroad Retirement Board v. Fritz Case created: State of Minnesota v. Clover Leaf Creamery Co. Case created: Michael M. v. Superior Court of Sonoma County Case created: Ball v. James Case created: Western & Southern Life Insurance Co. v. State Board of Equalization of California Case created: Schad v. Borough of Mount Ephraim Case created: Rostker v. Goldberg Case created: Dames & Moore v. Regan, Secretary of the Treasury Case created: Valley Forge Christian College v. Americans United for Separation of Church and State, Inc. Case created: Raymond Kassel v. Consolidated Freightways Corp. of Delaware Case created: Plyler v. Doe Case created: Richard Nixon v. A. Ernest Fitzgerald Case created: Rendell-Baker v. Kohn Case created: Lugar v. Edmondson Oil Co. Case created: Blum v. Yaretsky Case created: Mississippi University for Women v. Hogan Case created: New York v. Ferber Case created: Energy Reserves Group, Inc. v. Kansas Power & Light Co. Case created: Pacific Gas & Electric Co. v. State Energy Resources Conservation & Development Commn. Case created: Martinez v. Bynum Case created: City of Los Angeles v. Lyons Case created: Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Jagdish Rai Chadha Case created: Bolger v. Youngs Drug Products Corp. Case created: United Building and Construction Trades Council of Camden County v. Mayor and Council of the City of Camden Case created: Palmore v. Sidoti Case created: Hawaii Housing Authority v. Midkiff Case created: South-Central Timber Development, Inc. v. Commissioner, Dept. of Natural Resources of Alaska Case created: Chevron U.S.A., Inc. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc. Case created: Allen v. Wright Case created: Garcia v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority Case created: Supreme Court of New Hampshire v. Kathryn A. Piper Case created: Dun & Bradstreet, Inc. v. Greenmoss Builders, Inc. Case created: City of Cleburne, Texas v. Cleburne Living Center, Inc. Case created: Daniels v. Williams Case created: City of Renton v. Playtime Theatres, Inc. Case created: Maine v. Taylor and United States Case created: Bowsher v. Synar Case created: CTS Corp. v. Dynamics Corp. of America Case created: Board of Airport Commissioners of the City of Los Angeles v. Jews for Jesus, Inc. Case created: South Dakota v. Dole Case created: Boos v. Barry Case created: Hustler Magazine v. Falwell Case created: City of Lakewood v. Plain Dealer Publishing Co. Case created: Supreme Court of Virginia v. Friedman Case created: Alexia Morrison, Independent Counsel v. Theodore B. Olson Case created: Richmond v. J.A. Croson Co. Case created: DeShaney v. Winnebago County Dept. of Social Services Case created: Michael H. v. Gerald D. Case created: Texas v. Johnson Case created: Florida Star v. B.J.F. Case created: Sable Communications of California, Inc. v. Federal Communications Commn. Case created: Osborne v. Ohio Case created: Board of Education of Oklahoma City Public Schools v. Dowell Case created: Sheldon v. Sill Case created: Rust v. Sullivan Case created: Edmonson v. Leesville Concrete Co. Case created: Simon & Schuster, Inc. v. Members of the New York State Crime Victims Board el al. Case created: Lujan v. Defenders of Wildlife Case created: New York v. United States Case created: R.A.V. v. City of St. Paul, Minnesota Case created: Planned Parenthood v. Casey Case created: Nixon v. United States Case created: Zobrest v. Catalina Foothills District Case created: Alexander v. United States Case created: C & A Carbone, Inc. v. Town of Clarkstown, New York Case created: West Lynn Creamery, Inc. v. Healy, Commissioner of Massachusetts Dept. of Food and Agriculture Case created: Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. v. Federal Communications Commn. Case created: United States v. National Treasury Employees Union Case created: McIntyre v. Ohio Elections Commn. Case created: United States v. Lopez Case created: Adarand Constructors, Inc. v. Pena Case created: Sandin v. Conner Case created: Seminole Tribe of Florida v. Florida Case created: 44 Liquormart, Inc. v. Rhode Island Case created: BMW of North America, Inc. v. Gore Case created: Romer v. Evans Case created: Lewis v. Casey Case created: United States v. Virginia Case created: M.L.B. v. S.L.J. Case created: William Jefferson Clinton v. Paula Corbin Jones Case created: City of Boerne v. Flores Case created: Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union Case created: Printz v. United States Case created: County of Sacramento v. Lewis Case created: William J. Clinton, President of the United States v. City of New York Case created: Buckley v. American Constitutional Law Foundation, Inc. Case created: Florida Prepaid Postsecondary Education Expense Board v. College Savings Bank and United States Case created: Alden v. Maine Case created: Reno v. Condon Case created: Friends of the Earth, Inc. v. Laidlaw Environmental Services Case created: City of Erie v. Pap's A.M. Case created: United States v. Morrison Case created: Jones v. United States Case created: Troxel v. Granville Case created: Solid Waste Agency of Northern Cook County v. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Case created: Brentwood Academy v. Tennessee Secondary School Athletic Association Case created: Board of Trustees, University of Alabama v. Garrett Case created: Whitman v. American Trucking Assn., Inc. Case created: Legal Services Corp. v. Velazquez Case created: Bush v. Gore Case created: Shaw v. Murphy Case created: Bartnicki v. Vopper Case created: Lorillard Tobacco Co. v. Reilly Case created: Nguyen v. Immigration and Naturalization Service Case created: Thomas and Windy City Hemp Development Board v. Chicago Park District Case created: Ashcroft v. The Free Speech Coalition Case created: Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of New York, Inc. v. Village of Stratton Case created: Republican Party of Minnesota v. White Case created: Brown v. Legal Foundation of Washington Case created: Virginia v. Black Case created: Nevada Department of Human Resources v. Hibbs Case created: United States v. American Library Assn., Inc. Case created: Gratz v. Bollinger Case created: Grutter v. Bollinger Case created: Lawrence v. Texas Case created: Aaron B. Cooley v. The Board of Wardens of the Port of Philadelphia Case created: Vieth v. Jubelirer Case created: Tennessee v. Lane Case created: Sabri v. United States Case created: City of Littleton, Colorado v. Gifts D-4, L.L.C. Case created: Hamdi v. Rumsfeld Case created: Marbury v. Madison Case created: Dred Scott v. Sandford Case created: Ex Parte McCardle Case created: United States v. Klein Case created: Slaughter-House Cases Case created: People v. Zackowitz Case People v. Zackowitz collaged to People v. Zackowitz: Nesson Evidence Case United States v. Richard M. Nixon, President of the United States collaged to United States v. Richard M. Nixon, President of the United States [BS] Case United States v. Lopez collaged to United States v. Lopez (ADR) Case United States v. Lopez collaged to United States v. Lopez (ADR) Case McCulloch v. Maryland collaged to Congressional Power - N&P: M'Culloch v. State of Maryland Case United States v. Morrison collaged to United States v. Morrison (ADR) Case created: Gonzales v. Raich Case Gonzales v. Raich collaged to Gonzales v. Raich (ADR) Case United States v. E.C. Knight Co. collaged to Article I - Federalism - Fidelity v.1.0: United States v. E.C. Knight Co. Case created: Coe v. Errol Case created: Smith v. Rapid Transit, Inc. Case created: Huddleston v. United States Case created: Commonwealth v. Gouveia Case created: In Re Farber (State v. Jascalevich) Case created: Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Case created: Mattox v. United States Case created: Pointer v. Texas Case created: Crawford v. Washington Case New York v. United States collaged to New York v. United States (ADR) Case New York v. United States collaged to New York v. United States (ADR) Case Printz v. United States collaged to Printz v. United States (ADR) Case State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Co. v. Campbell collaged to State Farm v. Campbell Case Rufo v. Simpson collaged to Rufo v. Simpson Case Moskovitz v. Mt Sinai Medical Center collaged to Moskovitz v. Mt Sinai Medical Center Case Kopczick v. Hobart Corp collaged to Kopczick v. Hobart Corp Case Kennan v. Checker Cab Co. collaged to Kennan v. Checker Cab Co. Case Kemezy v. Peters collaged to Kemezy v. Peters Case Grimshaw v. Ford Motor Co. collaged to Grimshaw v. Ford Motor Co. Case Faulk v. Aware, Inc. collaged to Faulk v. Aware (1962) Case Faulk v. Aware, Inc. collaged to Faulk v. Aware (1963) Case created: Sargent v. Massachusetts Accident Co. Case created: Kelly v. Railway Express Agency, Inc. Case Cheatham v. Pohle collaged to Cheatham v. Pohle Case People Express Airlines, Inc. v. Consolidated Rail Corporation collaged to People Express Case Zimmerman v. Ausland collaged to Zimmerman v. Ausland Case created: United States v. Ebens Case created: United States v. Beechum Case created: Bourjaily v. United States Case created: Michelson v. United States Case created: United States v. Ingraham Case created: Beech Aircraft Corp. v. Rainey Case created: Ohio v. Roberts Case created: Dutton v. Evans Case created: Melendez-Diaz v. Massachusetts Case created: Hammon v. State Case created: Davis v. Washington Case created: California v. Green Case created: Tennessee v. Street Case created: Kirby v. United States Case created: United States v. Burr Case created: White v. Illinois Case created: Rhode Island v. Innis Case created: United States v. Martin Case created: United States v. Dothard Case created: United States v. Leonard Case created: United States v. Leight Case created: United States v. Weber Case created: United States v. Vaccaro Case created: United States v. Lavelle Case created: Branzburg v. Hayes Case created: Washington v. Texas Case created: United States v. Nixon Case created: State v. Cooper Case Reno v. Condon collaged to Reno v. Condon (ADR) Case United States v. Butler collaged to United States v. Butler (ADR) Case William Jefferson Clinton v. Paula Corbin Jones collaged to Clinton v. Jones [BS] Case South Dakota v. Dole collaged to South Dakota v. Dole (ADR) Case Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Jagdish Rai Chadha collaged to Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Jagdish Rai Chadha (ADR) Case Bowsher v. Synar collaged to Bowsher v. Synar (ADR) Case William J. Clinton, President of the United States v. City of New York collaged to Clinton v. City of New York (ADR) Case created: Kilbourn v. Thompson Case Lochner v. New York collaged to Lochner v. New York [BS] Case Bindrim v. Mitchell collaged to Justin Test Case Marbury v. Madison collaged to Judicial Review - Marbury v. Madison Case Shorter v. Drury collaged to shorter Case Shorter v. Drury collaged to Shorter Case created: Salinger v. United States Case created: Payne v. Tennessee Case created: Idaho v. Wright Case created: Gallagher v. R. E. Cunniff, Inc. Case Gibbons v. Ogden collaged to Congressional Power - Commerce: Gibbons v. Ogden Case Houston, East & West Texas Railway Co. v. United States collaged to Article I - Federalism - Fidelity v.1.0: Houston, East & West Texas Railway Co. v. United States Case created: United States v. Inadi Case created: Ring v. Arizona Case created: US v. Aguilar Case created: US v. Centracchio Case created: US v. Dolah Case created: United States v. Petrillo Case created: Reynolds v. United States Case created: Lee v. Illinois Case created: Barber v. Page Case created: Lilly v. Virginia Case created: State v. Webb Case created: Betts v. Brady Case created: Hubbard v. Briggs Case created: United States v. Mitchell Case created: West v. Louisiana Case created: Turner v. Louisiana Case created: In re Oliver Case created: Greene v. McElroy Case created: Malloy v. Hogan Case created: Hamilton v. Alabama Case created: Stein v. New York Case created: Alford v. United States Case created: Conrad v. Griffey Case created: Hedge v. Clapp Case created: Craft v. Commonwealth Case Dames & Moore v. Regan, Secretary of the Treasury collaged to Dames & Moore v. Regan (ADR) Case created: People v. Caruso Case created: People v. Molineux Case created: People v. Druse Case created: People v. Rodawald Case created: Com. v. Gardner Case created: People v. Richardson Case created: Commonwealth v. McKay Case Ex Parte Quirin collaged to Ex Parte Quirin (ADR) Case created: People v. Scott Case created: People v. Webster Case created: Commonwealth v. Doherty Case created: People v. De Garmo Case created: Stokes v. People Case created: Connor v. Commonwealth Case Hamdi v. Rumsfeld collaged to Hamdi v. Rumsfeld (ADR) Case created: Coleman v. People Case created: Franklin Case created: Commonwealth v. Domanski Case created: United States v. Flannery Case created: Commonwealth v. Homer Case created: Commonwealth v. Weston Case created: Commonwealth v. De Christoforo Case created: Donnelly v. DeChristoforo Case created: Commonwealth v. Redmond Case created: Commonwealth v. Graziano Case Cohen v. McIntyre collaged to Cohen v. McIntyre + Notes Case Knight v. Jewett collaged to Knight v. Jewett + Notes Case Lowe v. California League of Professional baseball collaged to Lowe v. California League of Professional Baseball + Notes Case Shorter v. Drury collaged to Shorter v. Drury + Notes Case Champion v. Ames (The Lottery Case) collaged to Article I - Federalism - Fidelity v.1.0: Champion v. Ames Case Hammer v. Dagenhart collaged to Article I - Federalism - Fidelity v.2.0: Hammer v. Dagenhart Case A.L.A. Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States collaged to Article I - Federalism - Fidelity v.2.0: A.L.A. Schechter Poultry Corp. v. US Case Humphrey's Executor v. United States collaged to Humphrey's Executor v. United States (ADR) Case Garcia v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority collaged to Garcia v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit (ADR) Case created: U.S. v. Angelos Case created: Gonzales v. Raich Case Gonzales v. Raich collaged to Gonzales v. Raich (ADR 2) Case Carter v. Carter Coal Co. collaged to Article I - Federalism - Fidelity v.2.0: Carter v. Carter Coal Co. Case created: Calder et Wife v. Bull et Wife Case Calder et Wife v. Bull et Wife collaged to Calder et Wife. Bull et Wife [BS] Case Muller v. Oregon collaged to Muller v. Oregon [BS] Case Coppage v. Kansas collaged to Coppage v. Kansas [BS] Case Adkins v. Children's Hospital collaged to Adkins v. Children's Hospital [BS] Case Nebbia v. New York collaged to Nebbia v. New York [BS] Case West Coast Hotel v. Parrish collaged to West Coast Hotel v. Parrish [BS] Case Williamson v. Lee Optical of Oklahoma, Inc. collaged to Williamson v. Lee Optical of Oklahoma, Inc. [BS] Case Slaughter-House Cases collaged to Slaughter House Cases [BS] Case created: The Civil Rights Cases Case The Civil Rights Cases collaged to The Civil Rights Cases [BS] Case created: Metropolitan Washington Airport v. Citizens for the Abatement of Aircraft Case Metropolitan Washington Airport v. Citizens for the Abatement of Aircraft collaged to Metropolitan Washington Airport v. Citizens for the Abatement of Aircraft (ADR) Case created: Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer Case Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer collaged to Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer (ADR) Case created: Hamdan v. Rumsfeld Case Hamdan v. Rumsfeld collaged to Hamdan v. Rumsfeld (ADR) Case created: Hamdan v. Rumsfeld Case Hamdan v. Rumsfeld collaged to Hamdan v. Rumsfeld (ADR) Case NLRB v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp. collaged to Article I - Federalism - Fidelity v3.0: NLRB v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp. Case United States v. Darby collaged to Article I - Federalism - Fidelity v3.0: United States v. Darby Case Wickard v. Filburn collaged to Article I - Federalism - Fidelity v3.0: Wickard v. Filburn Case Katzenbach v. McClung collaged to Article I - Federalism - Fidelity v3.0: Katzenbach v. McClung Case Huddleston v. United States collaged to Huddleston v. United States: Nesson Evidence Case Commonwealth v. Gouveia collaged to Commonwealth v. Gouveia: Nesson Evidence Case In Re Farber (State v. Jascalevich) collaged to State v. Jascalevich: Nesson Evidence Case Korematsu v. United States collaged to Korematsu v. United States [BS] Case Plessy v. Ferguson collaged to Plessy v. Ferguson [BS] Case Brown v. Board of Education (Brown I) collaged to Brown v. Board of Education (Brown I) [BS] Case Loving v. Virginia collaged to Loving v. Virginia [BS] Case Palmore v. Sidoti collaged to Palmore v. Sidoti [BS] Case created: Munn v. People of State of Illinois Case created: Mugler v. State of Kansas Case created: Strauder v. West Virginia Case created: Bolling v. Sharpe Case U.S. v. Angelos collaged to U.S. v Angelos Case National League of Cities v. Usery collaged to Article I - Federalism - Fidelity v4.0: Natl. League of Cities v. Usery Case Munn v. People of State of Illinois collaged to Munn v. People of State of Illinois [BS] Case Mugler v. State of Kansas collaged to Mugler v. State of Kansas [BS] Case Strauder v. West Virginia collaged to Strauder v. West Virginia [BS] Case Bolling v. Sharpe collaged to Bolling v. Sharpe [BS] Case created: Tisi v. Patrick Case Tisi v. Patrick collaged to Tisi v. Patrick (Excerpts - Music & Digital Media) Case created: Eldred v. Ashcroft, 537 U.S. 186 (2003) Case Eldred v. Ashcroft, 537 U.S. 186 (2003) collaged to Eldred v. Ashcroft, 537 U.S. 186 (2003) (Excerpts -- M&DM) Case created: Tisi v. Patrick, 97 F.Supp.2d 539 (S.D.N.Y. 2000) Case Tisi v. Patrick, 97 F.Supp.2d 539 (S.D.N.Y. 2000) collaged to Tisi v. Patrick, 97 F.Supp.2d 539 (S.D.N.Y. 2000) (Excerpts -- M&DM) Case created: Tisi v. Patrick, 97 F.Supp.2d 539 (S.D.N.Y. 2000) Case Tisi v. Patrick, 97 F.Supp.2d 539 (S.D.N.Y. 2000) collaged to Tisi v. Patrick, 97 F.Supp.2d 539 (S.D.N.Y. 2000) (Excerpts -- M&DM) Case created: Tisi v. Patrick, 97 F.Supp.2d 539 (S.D.N.Y. 2000) Case Tisi v. Patrick, 97 F.Supp.2d 539 (S.D.N.Y. 2000) collaged to Tisi v. Patrick, 97 F.Supp.2d 539 (S.D.N.Y. 2000) (Excerpts -- M&DM) Case created: Jean v. Bug Music, 2002 WL 287786, 2002 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 3176 (S.D.N.Y. Feb. 25, 2002) Case Jean v. Bug Music, 2002 WL 287786, 2002 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 3176 (S.D.N.Y. Feb. 25, 2002) collaged to Jean v. Bug Music, 2002 WL 287786, 2002 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 3176 (S.D.N.Y. Feb. 25, 2002) (Excerpts -- M&DM) Case created: Jean v. Bug Music, 2002 WL 287786, 2002 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 3176 (S.D.N.Y. Feb. 25, 2002) Case Jean v. Bug Music, 2002 WL 287786, 2002 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 3176 (S.D.N.Y. Feb. 25, 2002) collaged to Jean v. Bug Music, 2002 WL 287786, 2002 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 3176 (S.D.N.Y. Feb. 25, 2002) (Excerpts -- M&DM) Case created: Newton v. Diamond, 204 F.Supp.2d 1244 (C.D. Cal. 2002) Case Newton v. Diamond, 204 F.Supp.2d 1244 (C.D. Cal. 2002) collaged to Newton v. Diamond, 204 F.Supp.2d 1244 (C.D. Cal. 2002) (Excerpts -- M&DM) Case created: Newton v. Diamond, 349 F.3d 591 (9th Cir. 2003) Case Newton v. Diamond, 349 F.3d 591 (9th Cir. 2003) collaged to Newton v. Diamond, 349 F.3d 591 (9th Cir. 2003) (Excerpts -- M&DM) Case created: Repp v. Lloyd Webber, 858 F. Supp. 1292 (S.D.N.Y. 1994) Case Repp v. Lloyd Webber, 858 F. Supp. 1292 (S.D.N.Y. 1994) collaged to Repp v. Lloyd Webber, 858 F. Supp. 1292 (S.D.N.Y. 1994) (Excerpts -- M&DM) Case created: Repp v. Lloyd Webber, 858 F. Supp. 1292 (S.D.N.Y. 1994) Case Repp v. Lloyd Webber, 858 F. Supp. 1292 (S.D.N.Y. 1994) collaged to Repp v. Lloyd Webber, 858 F. Supp. 1292 (S.D.N.Y. 1994) (Excerpts -- M&DM) Case created: Repp v. Lloyd Webber, 132 F.3d 882 (2nd Cir. 1997) Case Repp v. Lloyd Webber, 132 F.3d 882 (2nd Cir. 1997) collaged to Repp v. Lloyd Webber, 132 F.3d 882 (2nd Cir. 1997) (Excerpts -- M&DM) Case created: Repp v. Lloyd Webber, 132 F.3d 882 (2nd Cir. 1997) Case Repp v. Lloyd Webber, 132 F.3d 882 (2nd Cir. 1997) collaged to Repp v. Lloyd Webber, 132 F.3d 882 (2nd Cir. 1997) (Excerpts -- M&DM) Case Repp v. Lloyd Webber, 132 F.3d 882 (2nd Cir. 1997) collaged to Repp v. Lloyd Webber, 132 F.3d 882 (2nd Cir. 1997) (Excerpts -- M&DM) Case created: Bourne v. Twentieth Century Fox, 602 F.Supp.2d 499 (S.D.N.Y. 2009) Case Bourne v. Twentieth Century Fox, 602 F.Supp.2d 499 (S.D.N.Y. 2009) collaged to Bourne v. Twentieth Century Fox, 602 F.Supp.2d 499 (S.D.N.Y. 2009) (Excerpts -- M&DM) Case created: Bourne v. Twentieth Century Fox, 602 F.Supp.2d 499 (S.D.N.Y. 2009) Case Bourne v. Twentieth Century Fox, 602 F.Supp.2d 499 (S.D.N.Y. 2009) collaged to Bourne v. Twentieth Century Fox, 602 F.Supp.2d 499 (S.D.N.Y. 2009) (Excerpts -- M&DM) Case created: Watt v. Butler (N.D.Ga. 2010) Case Watt v. Butler (N.D.Ga. 2010) collaged to Watt v. Butler (N.D.Ga. 2010) (Excerpts -- M&DM) Case created: Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc., 510 US 569 (1994) Case Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc., 510 US 569 (1994) collaged to Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc., 510 US 569 (1994) (Excerpts -- M&DM) Case created: Bridgeport Music, Inc. v. Dimension Films, 383 F. 3d 390 (6th Cir. 2004) Case Bridgeport Music, Inc. v. Dimension Films, 383 F. 3d 390 (6th Cir. 2004) collaged to Bridgeport Music, Inc. v. Dimension Films, 383 F. 3d 390 (6th Cir. 2004) (Excerpts -- M&DM) Case created: Capitol Records, Inc. v. Naxos of America, Inc., 4 N.Y.3d 540 (N.Y. Ct. App. 2005) Case Capitol Records, Inc. v. Naxos of America, Inc., 4 N.Y.3d 540 (N.Y. Ct. App. 2005) collaged to Capitol Records, Inc. v. Naxos of America, Inc., 4 N.Y.3d 540 (N.Y. Ct. App. 2005) (Excerpts -- M&DM) Case created: FBT Productions, LLC v. Aftermath Records, ___ ___ ___ (9th Cir. 2010) Case FBT Productions, LLC v. Aftermath Records, ___ ___ ___ (9th Cir. 2010) collaged to FBT Productions, LLC v. Aftermath Records, Nos. 09-55817, 09-56069 (9th Cir. 2010) (Excerpts - M&DM) Case created: Bright Tunes Music Corp. v. Harrisongs Music, Ltd., 420 F.Supp. 177 (SDNY 1976) Case Bright Tunes Music Corp. v. Harrisongs Music, Ltd., 420 F.Supp. 177 (SDNY 1976) collaged to Bright Tunes Music Corp. v. Harrisongs Music, Ltd., 420 F.Supp. 177 (SDNY 1976) (Excerpts -- M&DM) Case Bright Tunes Music Corp. v. Harrisongs Music, Ltd., 420 F.Supp. 177 (SDNY 1976) collaged to Bright Tunes Music Corp. v. Harrisongs Music, Ltd., 420 F.Supp. 177 (SDNY 1976) (Excerpts -- M&DM) Case created: Broadcast Music, Inc. v. Columbia Broadcasting System, Inc., 441 US 1 (1979) Case Broadcast Music, Inc. v. Columbia Broadcasting System, Inc., 441 US 1 (1979) collaged to Broadcast Music, Inc. v. Columbia Broadcasting System, Inc., 441 US 1 (1979) (Excerpts -- M&DM) Case created: US v. ASCAP (In re RealNetworks, Inc., Yahoo! Inc.), Nos. 09-0539-cv (L), etc. (2nd Cir. 2010) Case US v. ASCAP (In re RealNetworks, Inc., Yahoo! Inc.), Nos. 09-0539-cv (L), etc. (2nd Cir. 2010) collaged to US v. ASCAP (In re RealNetworks, Inc., Yahoo! Inc.), Nos. 09-0539-cv (L), etc. (2nd Cir. 2010) (Excerpts -- M&DM) Case created: US v. ASCAP (In re Cellco Partnership), 663 F.Supp.2d 363 (SDNY 2009) Case US v. ASCAP (In re Cellco Partnership), 663 F.Supp.2d 363 (SDNY 2009) collaged to US v. ASCAP (In re Cellco Partnership), 663 F.Supp.2d 363 (SDNY 2009) (Excerpts -- M&DM) Case created: US v. ASCAP (In Re AT&T Wireless f/k/a Cingular Wireless), 599 F.Supp.2d 415 (SDNY 2009) Case US v. ASCAP (In Re AT&T Wireless f/k/a Cingular Wireless), 599 F.Supp.2d 415 (SDNY 2009) collaged to US v. ASCAP (In Re AT&T Wireless f/k/a Cingular Wireless), 599 F.Supp.2d 415 (SDNY 2009) (Excerpts -- M&DM) Case created: Hipolite Egg Company v. United States Case created: Railroad Retirement Board v. Alton R. Co. Case created: New York v. United States Case Hipolite Egg Company v. United States collaged to Article I - Federalism - Fidelity v1.0: Hipolite Egg Co. v. United States Case Railroad Retirement Board v. Alton R. Co. collaged to Article I - Federalism - Fidelity v2.0: Railroad Retirement Board v. Alton R. Co. Case New York v. United States collaged to Article I - Federalism - Fidelity v4.0: State of NY v. US Case Mattox v. United States collaged to Nesson Evidence Case Pointer v. Texas collaged to Nesson Evidence Case Crawford v. Washington collaged to Nesson Evidence Case Palmore v. Sidoti collaged to Palmore v. Sidoti Case created: Lee v. Washington Case United States v. Virginia collaged to United States v. Virginia Case In Re Farber (State v. Jascalevich) collaged to In Re Farber (State v. Jascalevich) (Nesson) Case Frontiero v. Richardson collaged to Frontiero v. Richardson Case Craig v. Boren collaged to Craig v. Boren Case Poe v. Ullman collaged to Poe Ullman Case Roe v. Wade collaged to Roe v. Wade Case Planned Parenthood v. Casey collaged to Planned Parenthood v. Casey Case Romer v. Evans collaged to Romer v. Evans Case Lawrence v. Texas collaged to Lawrence v. Texas Case Gratz v. Bollinger collaged to Gratz v. Bollinger Case Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc. collaged to Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nesson) Case Grutter v. Bollinger collaged to Grutter v. Bollinger Case created: Lee v. Washington Case created: Bradwell v. The State Case created: Goesaert v. Cleary Case created: Reed v. Reed Case created: Griswold v. Connecticut Case created: Boutilier v. INS Case created: Bowers v. Hardwick Case created: Parents involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School Dist Case Lee v. Washington collaged to Lee v. Washington Case Parents involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School Dist collaged to Parents involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District Case Bradwell v. The State collaged to Bradwell v. The State Case Goesaert v. Cleary collaged to Goesaert v. Cleary Case Reed v. Reed collaged to Reed v. Reed Case Griswold v. Connecticut collaged to Griswold v. Connecticut Case Boutilier v. INS collaged to Boutilier v. INS Case Bowers v. Hardwick collaged to Bowers v. Hardwick Case created: Slaughterhouse Cases Case created: Civil Rights Cases Case Civil Rights Cases collaged to Civil Rights Cases Case Alexia Morrison, Independent Counsel v. Theodore B. Olson added to playlist The Essence of Executive Power Case Smith v. Rapid Transit, Inc. collaged to Smith v. Rapid Transit: Nesson Evidence Case created: Morrison v. Olson Case Morrison v. Olson collaged to Morrison v. Olson (ADR) Case created: Morrison v. Olson Case Morrison v. Olson collaged to Morrison v. Olson (ADR) Case created: Morrison v. Olson Case Morrison v. Olson collaged to Morrison v. Olson (ADR) Case created: Saregama India Ltd. v. Mosley, 687 F. Supp. 2d 1325 (S.D. Fl. 2009) Case Saregama India Ltd. v. Mosley, 687 F. Supp. 2d 1325 (S.D. Fl. 2009) collaged to Saregama India Ltd. v. Mosley, 687 F. Supp. 2d 1325 (S.D. Fl. 2009) (Excerpts -- M&DM) Case created: Recording Industry Ass'n of America v. Librarian of Congress Case Recording Industry Ass'n of America v. Librarian of Congress collaged to Recording Industry Ass'n of America v. Librarian of Congress Case created: Recording Industry Ass'n v. Lib. of Congress Case Recording Industry Ass'n v. Lib. of Congress collaged to Recording Industry Ass'n v. Lib. of Congress Case created: Recording Industry Ass'n v. Lib. of Congress, 608 F.3d 861 (D.C. Cir. 2010) Case Recording Industry Ass'n v. Lib. of Congress, 608 F.3d 861 (D.C. Cir. 2010) collaged to Recording Industry Ass'n v. Lib. of Congress, 608 F.3d 861 (D.C. Cir. 2010) Case created: Arista Records LLC v. Lime Group LLC, No. 06 CV 5936 (KMW) (S.D.N.Y. 2010) Case Arista Records LLC v. Lime Group LLC, No. 06 CV 5936 (KMW) (S.D.N.Y. 2010) collaged to Arista Records LLC v. Lime Group LLC, No. 06 CV 5936 (KMW) (S.D.N.Y. 2010) Case created: Intercollegiate Broadcast System v. Copyright Royalty Board, 571 F.3d 69 (D.C. Cir. 2010) Case Intercollegiate Broadcast System v. Copyright Royalty Board, 571 F.3d 69 (D.C. Cir. 2010) collaged to Intercollegiate Broadcast System v. Copyright Royalty Board, 571 F.3d 69 (D.C. Cir. 2010) (Excerpts) Case created: Viacom Int'l v. YouTube, Civil Nos. 07-CV-2103 (LLS), 07-CV-3582 (LLS) (S.D.N.Y. June 23, 2010) Case Viacom Int'l v. YouTube, Civil Nos. 07-CV-2103 (LLS), 07-CV-3582 (LLS) (S.D.N.Y. June 23, 2010) collaged to Viacom Int'l v. YouTube, Civil Nos. 07-CV-2103 (LLS), 07-CV-3582 (LLS) (S.D.N.Y. June 23, 2010) (Excerpts) Case created: Lenz v. Universal Music Corp. 572 F. Supp. 2d 1150 (N.D. Cal. 2008) Case Lenz v. Universal Music Corp. 572 F. Supp. 2d 1150 (N.D. Cal. 2008) collaged to Lenz v. Universal Music Corp. 572 F. Supp. 2d 1150 (N.D. Cal. 2008) (Excerpts) Case created: UMG Recordings, Inc. v. MP3.Com, Inc., 92 F. Supp. 2d 349 (S.D.N.Y. 2000) Case UMG Recordings, Inc. v. MP3.Com, Inc., 92 F. Supp. 2d 349 (S.D.N.Y. 2000) collaged to UMG Recordings, Inc. v. MP3.Com, Inc., 92 F. Supp. 2d 349 (S.D.N.Y. 2000) (Excerpts) Case created: UMG Recordings, Inc. v. MP3.Com, Inc., 92 F. Supp. 2d 349 (S.D.N.Y. 2000) Case UMG Recordings, Inc. v. MP3.Com, Inc., 92 F. Supp. 2d 349 (S.D.N.Y. 2000) collaged to UMG Recordings, Inc. v. MP3.Com, Inc., 92 F. Supp. 2d 349 (S.D.N.Y. 2000) (Excerpts) Case created: Cartoon Network LP, LLLP v. CSC Holdings, Inc., 536 F. 3d 121 (2nd Cir. 2008) Case Cartoon Network LP, LLLP v. CSC Holdings, Inc., 536 F. 3d 121 (2nd Cir. 2008) collaged to Cartoon Network LP, LLLP v. CSC Holdings, Inc., 536 F. 3d 121 (2nd Cir. 2008) (Excerpts) Case test added to playlist New Playlist Case created: United States v. Carroll Towing Case United States v. Carroll Towing collaged to Negligence: United States v. Carroll Towing Case created: Akins v. Glen Falls Case created: McMahon v. Bunn Matic Case created: Adams v. Bullock Case created: Braun v. Buffalo Case created: Chicago, B. & Q.R. v. Krayenbuhl Case created: Greene v. Sibley Case created: Test Case Test collaged to Products Liability : Ryan v Progressive Grocery Stores, Inc. Case created: Ryan v Progressive Grocery Stores, Inc. Case Ryan v Progressive Grocery Stores, Inc. collaged to Products Liability : Ryan v Progressive Grocery Stores, Inc. Case created: MacPherson v Buick Motor Co. Case MacPherson v Buick Motor Co. collaged to Products Liability : MacPherson v Buick Motor Co. Case created: ESCOLA v COCA COLA Case ESCOLA v COCA COLA collaged to Products Liability : Escola v Coca Cola Case created: Keen v. Dominick's Finer Foods, Inc. Case Keen v. Dominick's Finer Foods, Inc. collaged to Products Liability : Keen v. Dominick's Finer Foods, Inc. Case created: Restatement of Products Liability 402A Case Restatement of Products Liability 402A added to playlist Products Liability Case created: SEFFERT v. LOS ANGELES TRANSIT LINES Case SEFFERT v. LOS ANGELES TRANSIT LINES collaged to Compensatory Damages : SEFFERT v. LOS ANGELES TRANSIT LINES Case McDougald v. Garber collaged to McDougald v. Garber Case created: Arambula v. Wells Case Arambula v. Wells collaged to Compensatory Damages : Arambula v. Wells Case created: GREYHOUND LINES, INC v. SUTTON Case created: GREYHOUND LINES, INC v. SUTTON Case GREYHOUND LINES, INC v. SUTTON collaged to Compensatory Damages : GREYHOUND LINES, INC v. SUTTON Case created: SNOW v. VILLACCI Case SNOW v. VILLACCI collaged to Compensatory Damages : SNOW v. VILLACCI Case Adams v. Bullock collaged to Negligence: Adams v. Bullock Case Braun v. Buffalo collaged to Negligence: Braun v. Buffalo Case Greene v. Sibley collaged to Negligence: Greene v. Sibley Case Akins v. Glen Falls collaged to Negligence: Akins v. Glen Falls Case Cohen v. Petty collaged to Negligence: Cohen v. Petty Case Heath v. Swift Wings, Inc. collaged to Negligence: Heath v. Swift Wings, Inc. Case Christensen v. Swenson collaged to Vicarious Liability: Christensen v. Swenson Case Bussard v. Minimed, Inc. collaged to Vicarious Liability: Bussard v. Minimed, Inc. Case Forster v. Red Top Sedan Service collaged to Vicarious Liability: Forster v. Red Top Sedan Service Case Ira S. Bushey & Sons, Inc. v. United States collaged to Vicarious Liability: Ira S. Bushey & Sons, Inc. v. United States Case Konradi v. United States collaged to Vicarious Liability: Konradi v. United States Case Anderson v. Minneapolis, St. P. & S. St. M. R.R. Co. collaged to "Two Fires" Anderson v. Minneapolis, St. P. & S. St. M. R.R. Co. Case Gentry v. Douglas Hereford Ranch, Inc. collaged to Gentry v. Douglas Hereford Ranch, Inc. Case Hill v. Edmonds collaged to Hill v. Edmonds Case Litzman v. Humboldt County collaged to Causation and Two Defendants-Litzman v. Humboldt County Case Chicago, B. & Q.R. v. Krayenbuhl collaged to Negligence: Chicago, B. & Q.R. v. Krayenbuhl Case Roessler v. Novak collaged to Vicarious Liability: Roessler v. Novak Case Riss v. New York collaged to Riss Case Perkins v. Texas and New Orleans Ry. Co. collaged to Perkins v. Texas and New Orleans Ry. Co. Case General Electric Co. v. Joiner collaged to General Electric Co. v. Joiner Case Skipworth v. Lead Industries Association collaged to "Market Share Liability" Skipworth v. Lead Industries Association Case Shuck v. Means collaged to Vicarious Liability: Shuck v. Means Case Smalich v. Westfall collaged to Vicarious Liability: Smalich v. Westfall Case Knight v. Jewett collaged to Assumption of Risk: Knight v. Jewett Case created: McDermott v. Reynolds Case McDermott v. Reynolds collaged to Emotional Harm: McDermott v. Reynolds Case Lowe v. California League of Professional baseball collaged to Assumption of Risk: Lowe v. California League of Professional Baseball Case created: Lourcey v. Estate of Scarlett Case Lourcey v. Estate of Scarlett collaged to Emotional Harm: Lourcey v. Estate of Scarlett Case created: Murphy v. Steeplechase Case created: Russo v. White Case Russo v. White collaged to Emotional Harm: Russo v. White Case Murphy v. Steeplechase collaged to Assumption of Risk: Murphy v. Steeplechase Case Cohen v. McIntyre collaged to Assumption of Risk: Cohen v. McIntyre Case created: Falzone v. Busch Case Shorter v. Drury collaged to Assumption of Risk: Shorter v. Drury Case Falzone v. Busch collaged to Emotional Harm: Falzone v. Busch Case created: R.J. v. Humana of Florida, Inc. Case R.J. v. Humana of Florida, Inc. collaged to Emotional Harm: R.J. v. Humana of Florida, Inc. Case Lawson v. Management Activities, Inc. collaged to Emotional Harm: Lawson v. Management Activities, Inc. Case created: Gammon v. Osteopathic Hospital Case Quill v. Trans World Airlines collaged to Emotional Harm: Quill v. Trans World Airlines Case Gammon v. Osteopathic Hospital collaged to Emotional Harm: Gammon v. Osteopathic Hospital Case created: Johnson v. Jamaica Hospital Case created: Johnson v. Jamaica Hospital Case created: Shatkin v. McDonnell Douglas Corp. Case Johnson v. Jamaica Hospital collaged to Emotional Harm: Johnson v. Jamaica Hospital Case created: Shu-Tao Lin v. McDonnell Douglas Corp. Case Shatkin v. McDonnell Douglas Corp. collaged to Emotional Harm: Shatkin v. McDonnell Douglas Corp. Case created: Portee v. Jaffe Case Shu-Tao Lin v. McDonnell Douglas Corp. collaged to Emotional Harm: Shu-Tao Lin v. McDonnell Douglas Corp. Case created: Pizarro v. 421 Port Associates Case Portee v. Jaffe collaged to Emotional Harm: Portee v. Jaffee Case Pizarro v. 421 Port Associates collaged to Emotional Harm: Pizarro v. 421 Port Associates Case created: Rodrigues v. State Case Rodrigues v. State collaged to Emotional Harm: Rodrigues v. State Case created: Roman v. Carroll Case Roman v. Carroll collaged to Emotional Harm: Roman v. Carroll Case Miami Herald Publishing Co v. Kendall collaged to Vicarious Liability: Miami Herald Publishing Co. v. Kendall Case Murrell v. Goertz collaged to Vicarious Liability: Murrell v. Goertz Case Miller v. Reiman-Wuerth Co collaged to Vicarious Liability: Miller v. Reiman Wuerth Co. Case Popejoy v. Steinle collaged to Vicarious Liability: Popejoy v. Steinle Case Reina v. Metropolitan Dade County collaged to Vicarious Liability: Reina v. Metropolitan Dade County Case created: FTCA Case created: Sorichetti v. City of New York Case created: Schuster v. City of New York Case created: Cuffy v. City of New York Case created: U.S. v. Varig Airlines Case created: SCOTUSblog: American Electric Power Co. v. Connecticut Case SCOTUSblog: American Electric Power Co. v. Connecticut collaged to Nuisance: SCOTUSblog argument preview of American Power Co. v. Connecticut Case Sorichetti v. City of New York collaged to Government Liability: Sorichetti v. City of New York Case Schuster v. City of New York collaged to Government Liability: Schuster v. City of New York Case Cuffy v. City of New York collaged to Government Liability: Cuffy v. City of New York Case U.S. v. Varig Airlines collaged to Government Liability: U.S. v. Varig Airlines Case FTCA collaged to Government Liability: FTCA Case created: Friedman v. State of New York Case Friedman v. State of New York collaged to fried test Case created: State v. Lead Industries, Ass'n, Inc. Case State v. Lead Industries, Ass'n, Inc. collaged to HLS Parens: CLS + AG Powers Case created: McCarty v. Pheasant Run Case created: Wood v. Groh Case created: Vaughan v. Menlove Case created: Bashi v. Wodarz Case created: Stevens v. Veenstra Case created: Ellis v. D'Angelo Case created: Goss v. Allen Case created: Levey v. Denardo Case created: Roberts v. Ramsbottom Case created: Feeney Case created: Deukmejian Case created: McGraw Case McGraw collaged to McGraw Case McCarty v. Pheasant Run collaged to VII. McCarty v. Pheasant Run Case McCarty v. Pheasant Run collaged to VII. McCarty v. Pheasant Run Case Roberts v. Ramsbottom collaged to VII. Roberts v. Ramsbottom Case Roberts v. Ramsbottom collaged to VII. Roberts v. Ramsbottom Case Goss v. Allen collaged to VII. Goss v. Allen Case Goss v. Allen collaged to VII. Goss v. Allen Case Deukmejian collaged to Deukmejian Case created: Shevin Case Shevin collaged to Shevin Case created: Sage Club v. Hunt Case created: Kuehn v. Inter-city Auto Freight Case created: Wishnatsky v. Huey Case created: Lopez v. Winchell's Donut House Case created: Shen v. Leo A. Daly Co. Case created: Hackbart v. Cincinnati Bengals Case created: O'Brien v. Cunard Case created: Hart v. Geysel Case created: Barbara A. v. John G. Case created: Courvoisier v. Raymond Case created: Vincent v. Lake Erie Transp. Co. Case created: Ploof v. Putnam Case created: Byrne v. Boadle Case created: Larson v. St. Francis Hotel Case created: Ybarra v. Spangard Case created: Oliver v. Stimson Lumber Co. Case created: Fireman's Fund Am. Ins. Co. v. Knobbe Case created: Martin v. Herzog Case created: Tedla v. Ellman Case created: Brown v. Shyne Case created: Hubbard-Hall Chemical Co. v. Silverman Case created: Rushink v. Gerstheimer Case created: Platz v. City of Cohoes Case created: Harper v. Herman Case created: Farwell v. Keaton Case created: Randi W. v. Muroc Joint Unified School District Case created: Union Pac. Ry. Co. v. Cappier Case created: Menu v. Minor Case created: Moch Co. v. Rensselaer Water Co. Case created: McDougald v. Garber Case created: Soule v. General Motors Corp. Case created: Camacho v. Honda Motor Co. Case created: Binakonsky v. Ford Motor Co. Case created: Sullivan v. Dunham Case created: Torchia v. Fisher Case created: Hickey v. Zezulka Case created: Barker v. Kallash Case created: Ashmore v. Cleanweld Products, Inc. Case created: Shorter v. Drury Case created: Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co. Case created: Benn v. Thomas Case created: Steinhauser v. Hertz. Corp. Case created: Stubbs v. City of Rochester Case created: Summers v. Tice Case created: Ravo v. Rogatnick Case created: Veazey v. Elmwood Plantation Associates, Ltd. Case created: Kansas State Bank and Trust Company v. Specialized Transportation Services Inc. Case created: Scott v. County of Los Angeles Case created: Brown v. Wal-Mart Discount Cities Case created: Garcia v. Joseph Vince Co. Case created: Koch v. Consol. Edison Co. Case created: Weiner v. Metro. Transit Authority Case created: Garcia v. Superior Court of Santa Clara County Case created: Florence v. Goldberg Case created: Hoyem v. Manhattan Beach City School District Case created: Crosland v. NYC Transit Authority Case created: Cestonaro v. United States Case Christensen v. Swenson collaged to VIII. Christensen v. Swenson Case Christensen v. Swenson collaged to VIII. Christensen v. Swenson Case Miller v. Reiman-Wuerth Co collaged to VIII. Miller v. Reiman Wuerth Co. Case Miller v. Reiman-Wuerth Co collaged to VIII. Miller v. Reiman Wuerth Co. Case Ira S. Bushey & Sons, Inc. v. United States collaged to VIII. Ira S. Bushey & Sons, Inc. v. United States Case Ira S. Bushey & Sons, Inc. v. United States collaged to VIII. Ira S. Bushey & Sons, Inc. v. United States Case Konradi v. United States collaged to VIII. Konradi v. United States Case Konradi v. United States collaged to VIII. Konradi v. United States Case Bussard v. Minimed, Inc. collaged to VIII. Bussard v. Minimed, Inc. Case Bussard v. Minimed, Inc. collaged to VIII. Bussard v. Minimed, Inc. Case Kuehn v. Inter-city Auto Freight collaged to VIII. Kuehn v. Inter-city Auto Freight Case Kuehn v. Inter-city Auto Freight collaged to VIII. Kuen v. Inter-city Auto Freight Case Forster v. Red Top Sedan Service collaged to VIII. Forster v. Red Top Sedan Service Case Forster v. Red Top Sedan Service collaged to VIII. Forster v. Red Top Sedan Service Case Reina v. Metropolitan Dade County collaged to VIII. Reina v. Metropolitan Dade County Case Reina v. Metropolitan Dade County collaged to VIII. Reina v. Metropolitan Dade County Case Sage Club v. Hunt collaged to VIII. Sage Club v. Hunt Case Sage Club v. Hunt collaged to VIII. Sage Club v. Hunt Case Miami Herald Publishing Co v. Kendall collaged to VIII. Miami Herald Publishing Co. v. Kendall Case Miami Herald Publishing Co v. Kendall collaged to VIII. Miami Herald Publishing Co. v. Kendall Case Murrell v. Goertz collaged to VIII. Murrell v. Goertz Case Murrell v. Goertz collaged to VIII. Murrell v. Goertz Case Roessler v. Novak collaged to VIII. Roessler v. Novak Case Roessler v. Novak collaged to VIII. Roessler v. Novak Case Smalich v. Westfall collaged to VIII. Smalich v. Westfall Case Smalich v. Westfall collaged to VIII. Smalich v. Westfall Case Shuck v. Means collaged to VIII. Shuck v. Means Case Shuck v. Means collaged to VIII. Shuck v. Means Case created: Alcorn v. Mitchell Case Garratt v. Dailey collaged to I. Garratt v. Dailey Case Garratt v. Dailey collaged to I. Garratt v. Dailey Case Wishnatsky v. Huey collaged to II. Wishnatsky v. Huey Case Wishnatsky v. Huey collaged to II. Wishnatsky v. Huey Case Leichtman v. WLW Jacor Communications, Inc. collaged to II. Leichtman v. WLW Jacor Communications, Inc. Case Leichtman v. WLW Jacor Communications, Inc. collaged to II. Leichtman v. WLW Jacor Communications, Inc. Case Werth v. Taylor collaged to II. Werth v. Taylor Case Werth v. Taylor collaged to II. Werth v. Taylor Case Neal v. Neal collaged to II. Neal v. Neal Case Neal v. Neal collaged to II. Neal v. Neal Case Parvi v. City of Kingston collaged to III. Parvi v. City of Kingston Case Parvi v. City of Kingston collaged to III. Parvi v. City of Kingston Case Eilers v. Coy collaged to III. Eilers v. Coy Case Eilers v. Coy collaged to III. Eilers v. Coy Case Peterson v. Sorlien collaged to III. Peterson v. Sorlien Case Peterson v. Sorlien collaged to III. Peterson v. Sorlien Case Coblyn v. Kennedy's, Inc. collaged to III. Coblyn v. Kennedy's Inc. Case Coblyn v. Kennedy's, Inc. collaged to III. Coblyn v. Kennedy's Inc. Case Shen v. Leo A. Daly Co. collaged to III. Shen v. Leo A. Daly Co. Case Shen v. Leo A. Daly Co. collaged to III. Shen v. Leo A. Daly Co. Case Katko v. Briney collaged to V. Katko v. Briney Case Katko v. Briney collaged to V. Katko v. Briney Case CompuServe Inc. v. Cyber Promotions, Inc. collaged to V. CompuServe Inc. v. Cyber Promotions, Inc. Case CompuServe Inc. v. Cyber Promotions, Inc. collaged to V. CompuServe Inc. v. Cyber Promotions, Inc. Case Intel Corp. v. Hamidi collaged to V. Intel Corp v. Hamidi (California Supreme Court) Case Intel Corp. v. Hamidi collaged to V. Intel Corp v. Hamidi (California Supreme Court) Case Chicago, B. & Q.R. v. Krayenbuhl collaged to VI. Chicago, B. & Q. v. Krayenbuhl Case Trimarco v. Klein collaged to IX. Trimarco v. Klein Case Trimarco v. Klein collaged to IX. Trimarco v. Klein Case The T.J. Hooper collaged to IX. T.J. Hooper v. Northern Barge Corp. Case The T.J. Hooper collaged to IX. T.J. Hooper v. Northern Barge Corp. Case Byrne v. Boadle collaged to IX. Byrne v. Boadle Case Byrne v. Boadle collaged to IX. Byrne v. Boadle Case Ybarra v. Spangard collaged to IX. Ybarra v. Spangard Case Ybarra v. Spangard collaged to IX. Ybarra v. Spangard Case Oliver v. Stimson Lumber Co. collaged to IX. Oliver v. Stimson Lumber Co. Case Oliver v. Stimson Lumber Co. collaged to IX. Oliver v. Stimson Lumber Co. Case Fireman's Fund Am. Ins. Co. v. Knobbe collaged to IX. Fireman's Fund Am. Ins. Cos. v. Knobbe Case Fireman's Fund Am. Ins. Co. v. Knobbe collaged to IX. Fireman's Fund Am. Ins. Cos. v. Knobbe Case Connolly v. Nicollet Hotel collaged to IX. Connolly v. Nicollet Hotel Case Connolly v. Nicollet Hotel collaged to IX. Connolly v. Nicollet Hotel Case Rushink v. Gerstheimer collaged to X. Rushink v. Gerstheimer Case Rushink v. Gerstheimer collaged to X. Rushink v. Gerstheimer Case Farwell v. Keaton collaged to XI. Farwell v. Keaton Case Farwell v. Keaton collaged to XI. Farwell v. Keaton Case Randi W. v. Muroc Joint Unified School District collaged to XI. Randi W. v. Muroc Joint Unified School District Case Randi W. v. Muroc Joint Unified School District collaged to XI. Randi W. v. Muroc Joint Unified School District Case Union Pac. Ry. Co. v. Cappier collaged to XI. Union Pac. Ry. Co. v. Cappier Case Union Pac. Ry. Co. v. Cappier collaged to XI. Union Pac. Ry. Co. v. Cappier Case Menu v. Minor collaged to XI. Menu v. Minor Case Menu v. Minor collaged to XI. Menu v. Minor Case Moch Co. v. Rensselaer Water Co. collaged to XI. Moch Co. v. Rensselaer Water Co. Case Moch Co. v. Rensselaer Water Co. collaged to XI. Moch Co. v. Rensselaer Water Co. Case Weiner v. Metro. Transit Authority collaged to XIII. Weiner v. Metro. Transit Authority Case Weiner v. Metro. Transit Authority collaged to XIII. Weiner v. Metro. Transit Authority Case Crosland v. NYC Transit Authority collaged to XIV. Crosland v. NYC Transit Authority Case Garcia v. Superior Court of Santa Clara County collaged to XIII. Garcia v. Superior Court of Santa Clara County Case Garcia v. Superior Court of Santa Clara County collaged to XIII. Garcia v. Superior Court of Santa Clara County Case Florence v. Goldberg collaged to XIII. Florence v. Goldberg Case Florence v. Goldberg collaged to XIII. Florence v. Goldberg Case Hoyem v. Manhattan Beach City School District collaged to XIII. Hoyem v. Manhattan Beach City School District Case Hoyem v. Manhattan Beach City School District collaged to XIII. Hoyem v. Manhattan Beach City School District Case FTCA collaged to XIII. FTCA Case FTCA collaged to XIII. FTCA Case Koch v. Consol. Edison Co. collaged to XIV. Koch v. Consolidated Edison Co. Case Koch v. Consol. Edison Co. collaged to XIV. Koch v. Consolidated Edison Co. Case Stubbs v. City of Rochester collaged to XV. Stubbs v. City of Rochester Case Stubbs v. City of Rochester collaged to XV. Stubbs v. City of Rochester Case Anderson v. Minneapolis, St. P. & S. St. M. R.R. Co. collaged to XV. Anderson v. Minneapolis, St. P. & S. St. M. R.R. Co. Case Anderson v. Minneapolis, St. P. & S. St. M. R.R. Co. collaged to XV. Anderson v. Minneapolis, St. P. & S. St. M. R.R. Co. Case Summers v. Tice collaged to XV. Summers v. Tice Case Summers v. Tice collaged to XV. Summers v. Tice Case Garcia v. Joseph Vince Co. collaged to XV. Garcia v. Joseph Vince Co. Case Garcia v. Joseph Vince Co. collaged to XV. Garcia v. Joseph Vince Co. Case Ravo v. Rogatnick collaged to XV. Ravo v. Rogatnick Case Ravo v. Rogatnick collaged to XV. Ravo v. Rogatnick Case Kansas State Bank and Trust Company v. Specialized Transportation Services Inc. collaged to XV. Kansas State Bank and Trust Co. v. Specialized Transp. Services Inc. Case Kansas State Bank and Trust Company v. Specialized Transportation Services Inc. collaged to XV. Kansas State Bank and Trust Co. v. Specialized Transp. Services Inc. Case Brown v. Wal-Mart Discount Cities collaged to XV. Brown v. Wal-Mart Case Brown v. Wal-Mart Discount Cities collaged to XV. Brown v. Wal-Mart Case Steinhauser v. Hertz Corp collaged to XVI. Steinhauser v. Hertz Corp. Case Steinhauser v. Hertz Corp collaged to XVI. Steinhauser v. Hertz Corp. Case Steinhauser v. Hertz Corp collaged to XVI. Steinhauser v. Hertz Corp. Case Henry v. Houston Lighting & Power Co. collaged to XVI. Henry v. Houston Lighting & Power Co. Case Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co. collaged to XVI. Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co. Case Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co. collaged to XVI. Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co. Case Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co. collaged to XVI. Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co. Case Knight v. Jewett collaged to XVII. Knight v. Jewett Case Knight v. Jewett collaged to XVII. Knight v. Jewett Case Lowe v. California League of Professional baseball collaged to XVII. Lowe v. California League of Professional Baseball Case Lowe v. California League of Professional baseball collaged to XVII. Lowe v. California League of Professional Baseball Case Murphy v. Steeplechase collaged to XVII. Murphy v. Steeplechase Case Murphy v. Steeplechase collaged to XVII. Murphy v. Steeplechase Case Cohen v. McIntyre collaged to XVII. Cohen v. McIntyre Case Cohen v. McIntyre collaged to XVII. Cohen v. McIntyre Case Shorter v. Drury collaged to XVII. Shorter v. Drury Case Shorter v. Drury collaged to XVII. Shorter v. Drury Case Fritts v. McKinne collaged to XVIII. Fritts v. McKinne Case Fritts v. McKinne collaged to XVIII. Fritts v. McKinne Case Ashmore v. Cleanweld Products, Inc. collaged to XVIII. Ashmore v. Cleanweld Products, Inc. Case Ashmore v. Cleanweld Products, Inc. collaged to XVIII. Ashmore v. Cleanweld Products, Inc. Case Derheim v. N. Fiorito Co. collaged to XVIII. Derheim v. N. Fiorito Co. Case Derheim v. N. Fiorito Co. collaged to XVIII. Derheim v. N. Fiorito Co. Case Hammontree v. Jenner collaged to XIX. Hammontree v. Jenner Case Hammontree v. Jenner collaged to XIX. Hammontree v. Jenner Case Sullivan v. Dunham collaged to XIX. Sullivan v. Dunham Case Sullivan v. Dunham collaged to XIX. Sullivan v. Dunham Case Torchia v. Fisher collaged to XIX. Torchia v. Fisher Case Torchia v. Fisher collaged to XIX. Torchia v. Fisher Case Crosby v. Cox Aircraft Co collaged to XIX. Crosby v. Cox Aircraft Co. Case Crosby v. Cox Aircraft Co collaged to XIX. Crosby v. Cox Aircraft Co. Case Hector v. Cedars-Sinai Medical Ctr. collaged to XX. Hector v. Cedars-Sinai Medical Ctr. Case Hector v. Cedars-Sinai Medical Ctr. collaged to XX. Hector v. Cedars-Sinai Medical Ctr. Case Keen v. Dominick's Finer Foods, Inc. collaged to XX. Keen v. Dominick's Finer Foods, Inc. Case Keen v. Dominick's Finer Foods, Inc. collaged to XX. Keen v. Dominick's Finer Foods, Inc. Case created: Hood v. Ryobi America Corporation Case Camacho v. Honda Motor Co. collaged to XXI. Camacho v. Honda Motor Co. Case Camacho v. Honda Motor Co. collaged to XXI. Camacho v. Honda Motor Co. Case Linegar v. Armour of America collaged to XXI. Linegar v. Armour of America Case Linegar v. Armour of America collaged to XXI. Linegar v. Armour of America Case Hood v. Ryobi America Corporation collaged to XXI. Hood v. Ryobi America Corp. Case Hood v. Ryobi America Corporation collaged to XXI. Hood v. Ryobi America Corp. Case Binakonsky v. Ford Motor Co. collaged to XXIII. Binakonsky v. Ford Motor Co. Case McDougald v. Garber collaged to XXII. McDougald v. Garber Case McDougald v. Garber collaged to XXII. McDougald v. Garber Case Bashi v. Wodarz collaged to VII. Bashi v. Wodarz Case Bashi v. Wodarz collaged to VII. Bashi v. Wodarz Case Levey v. Denardo collaged to VII. Levey v. Denardo Case Levey v. Denardo collaged to VII. Levey v. Denardo Case Alcorn v. Mitchell collaged to I. Alcorn v. Mitchell Case Alcorn v. Mitchell collaged to I. Alcorn v. Mitchell Case created: Picard v. Barry Pontiac-Buick, Inc. Case Picard v. Barry Pontiac-Buick, Inc. collaged to I. Picard v. Barry Pontiac-Buick, Inc. Case Picard v. Barry Pontiac-Buick, Inc. collaged to I. Picard v. Barry Pontiac-Buick, Inc. Case O'Brien v. Cunard collaged to II. O'Brien v. Cunard Case O'Brien v. Cunard collaged to II. O'Brien v. Cunard Case Deukmejian collaged to People ex rel. Deukmejian v. Brown Case Feeney collaged to Feeney Case Lopez v. Winchell's Donut House collaged to III. Lopez v. Winchell's Donut House Case Lopez v. Winchell's Donut House collaged to III. Lopez v. Winchell's Donut House Case Hart v. Geysel collaged to IV. Hart v. Geysel Case Hart v. Geysel collaged to IV. Hart v. Geysel Case Hackbart v. Cincinnati Bengals collaged to IV. Hackbart v. Cincinnati Bengals Case Hackbart v. Cincinnati Bengals collaged to IV. Hackbart v. Cincinnati Bengals Case Barbara A. v. John G. collaged to IV. Barbara A. v. John G. Case Barbara A. v. John G. collaged to IV. Barbara A. v. John G. Case Courvoisier v. Raymond collaged to IV. Courvoisier v. Raymond Case Courvoisier v. Raymond collaged to IV. Courvoisier v. Raymond Case Ploof v. Putnam collaged to IV. Ploof v. Putnam Case Ploof v. Putnam collaged to IV. Ploof v. Putnam Case Vincent v. Lake Erie Transp. Co. collaged to IV. Vincent v. Lake Erie Transp. Co. Case Vincent v. Lake Erie Transp. Co. collaged to IV. Vincent v. Lake Erie Transp. Co. Case created: Foulston Case Foulston collaged to Aid for Women v. Foulston Case Larson v. St. Francis Hotel collaged to IX. Larson v. St. Francis Hotel Case Larson v. St. Francis Hotel collaged to IX. Larson v. St. Francis Hotel Case Martin v. Herzog collaged to X. Martin v. Herzog Case Martin v. Herzog collaged to X. Martin v. Herzog Case Tedla v. Ellman collaged to X. Tedla v. Ellman Case Tedla v. Ellman collaged to X. Tedla v. Ellman Case Brown v. Shyne collaged to X. Brown v. Shyne Case Brown v. Shyne collaged to X. Brown v. Shyne Case Hubbard-Hall Chemical Co. v. Silverman collaged to X. Hubbard-Hall Chemical Co. v. Silverman Case Hubbard-Hall Chemical Co. v. Silverman collaged to X. Hubbard-Hall Chemical Co. v. Silverman Case Platz v. City of Cohoes collaged to X. Platz v. City of Cohoes Case Platz v. City of Cohoes collaged to X. Platz v. City of Cohoes Case Harper v. Herman collaged to XI. Harper v. Herman Case Harper v. Herman collaged to XI. Harper v. Herman Case Riss v. New York collaged to XIII. Riss v. City of New York Case Riss v. New York collaged to XIII. Riss v. City of New York Case created: American Shooting Sports Council Case Tarasoff v. Regents of University of California collaged to XII. Tarasoff v. Regents of University of California Case Tarasoff v. Regents of University of California collaged to XII. Tarasoff v. Regents of University of California Case Hawkins v. Pizarro collaged to XII. Hawkins v. Pizarro Case Hawkins v. Pizarro collaged to XII. Hawkins v. Pizarro Case Conboy v. Mogeloff collaged to XII. Conboy v. Mogeloff Case Conboy v. Mogeloff collaged to XII. Conboy v. Mogeloff Case Cuppy v. Bunch collaged to XII. Cuppy v. Bunch Case Cuppy v. Bunch collaged to XII. Cuppy v. Bunch Case Brosnahan v. Western Air Lines collaged to XII. Brosnahan v. Western Air Lines Case Brosnahan v. Western Air Lines collaged to XII. Brosnahan v. Western Air Lines Case Kline v. 1500 Massachusetts Avenue Apartment Corp. collaged to XII. Kline v. 1500 Massachusetts Avenue Apartment Corp. Case Kline v. 1500 Massachusetts Avenue Apartment Corp. collaged to XII. Kline v. 1500 Massachusetts Avenue Apartment Corp. Case Einhorn v. Seeley collaged to XIII. Einhorn v. Seeley Case Einhorn v. Seeley collaged to XIII. Einhorn v. Seeley Case Charles v. Seigfried collaged to XII. Charles v. Seigfried Case Charles v. Seigfried collaged to XII. Charles v. Seigfried Case Kelly v. Gwinnell collaged to XII. Kelly v. Gwinnell Case Kelly v. Gwinnell collaged to XII. Kelly v. Gwinnell Case Barmore v. Elmore collaged to XII. Barmore v. Elmore Case Barmore v. Elmore collaged to XII. Barmore v. Elmore Case Jacobsma v. Goldberg's Fashion Forum collaged to XII. Jacobsma v. Goldberg's Fashion Forum Case Jacobsma v. Goldberg's Fashion Forum collaged to XII. Jacobsma v. Goldberg's Fashion Forum Case Boyd v. Racine Currency Exchange collaged to XII. Boyd v. Racine Currency Exchange Case Boyd v. Racine Currency Exchange collaged to XII. Boyd v. Racine Currency Exchange Case Hegel v. Langsam collaged to XII. Hegel v. Langsam Case Hegel v. Langsam collaged to XII. Hegel v. Langsam Case J.S. and M.S. v. R.T.H. collaged to XII. J.S. and M.S. v. R.T.H. Case J.S. and M.S. v. R.T.H. collaged to XII. J.S. and M.S. v. R.T.H. Case Cestonaro v. United States collaged to XIII. Cestonaro v. United States Case Cestonaro v. United States collaged to XIII. Cestonaro v. United States Case created: Broadbent v. Broadbent Case Broadbent v. Broadbent collaged to XII. Broadbent v. Broadbent Case Broadbent v. Broadbent collaged to XII. Broadbent v. Broadbent Case Veazey v. Elmwood Plantation Associates, Ltd. collaged to XVIII. Veazey v. Elmwood Plantation Associates, Ltd. Case Veazey v. Elmwood Plantation Associates, Ltd. collaged to XVIII. Veazey v. Elmwood Plantation Associates, Ltd. Case Soule v. General Motors Corp. collaged to XXI. Soule v. General Motors Corp. Case Soule v. General Motors Corp. collaged to XXI. Soule v. General Motors Corp. Case Ryan v Progressive Grocery Stores, Inc. collaged to XX. Ryan v. Progressive Grocery Stores, Inc. Case Ryan v Progressive Grocery Stores, Inc. collaged to XX. Ryan v. Progressive Grocery Stores, Inc. Case created: State v. Lead Industries Case State v. Lead Industries collaged to State of Rhode Island v. Lead Industries Association, Inc. Case Benn v. Thomas collaged to XVI. Benn v. Thomas Case Benn v. Thomas collaged to XVI. Benn v. Thomas Case Benn v. Thomas collaged to XVI. Benn v. Thomas Case Hickey v. Zezulka collaged to XVIII. Hickey v. Zezulka Case Hickey v. Zezulka collaged to XVIII. Hickey v. Zezulka Case Barker v. Kallash collaged to XVIII. Barker v. Kallash Case Barker v. Kallash collaged to XVIII. Barker v. Kallash Case created: State v. Eli Lilly Case created: Wagon Mound (No. 1) Case Scott v. County of Los Angeles collaged to XV. Scott v. County of Los Angeles Case Scott v. County of Los Angeles collaged to XV. Scott v. County of Los Angeles Case created: Santa Clara Case created: Andrews v. United Airlines, Inc. Case Andrews v. United Airlines, Inc. collaged to VI. Andrews v. United Airlines, Inc. Case Andrews v. United Airlines, Inc. collaged to VI. Andrews v. United Airlines, Inc. Case created: Pokora v. Wabash Railway Co. Case Pokora v. Wabash Railway Co. collaged to VI. Pokora v. Wabash Railway Co. Case Pokora v. Wabash Railway Co. collaged to VI. Pokora v. Wabash Railway Co. Case created: In re Polemis Case created: Darby v. National Trust Case Wagon Mound (No. 1) collaged to XVI. Wagon Mound (No. 1) Case Wagon Mound (No. 1) collaged to XVI. Wagon Mound (No. 1) Case Wagon Mound (No. 1) collaged to XVI. Wagon Mound (No. 1) Case In re Polemis collaged to XVI. In re Polemis Case In re Polemis collaged to XVI. In re Polemis Case In re Polemis collaged to XVI. In re Polemis Case County of Santa Clara v. Superior Court, 235 P.3d 21 (Cal. 2010) added to playlist Retention of Plaintiff Counsel Materials Case County of Santa Clara v. Superior Court, 235 P.3d 21 (Cal. 2010) added to playlist Plaintiff Case created: American Electric v. Connecticut Case American Electric v. Connecticut collaged to American Electric v. Connecticut Case created: State v. Peake Case State v. Peake added to playlist Chapter 3: Additional Reading Case State v. Peake, 579 S.E.2nd 297 (S.C. 2003) added to playlist Professional Responsibility: Additional Reading Case Vaughan v. Menlove collaged to VII. Vaughan v. Menlove Case Vaughan v. Menlove collaged to VII. Vaughan v. Menlove Case Wood v. Groh collaged to VII. Wood v. Groh Case Wood v. Groh collaged to VII. Wood v. Groh Case created: Howard v. Wal-mart Stores, Inc. Case Howard v. Wal-mart Stores, Inc. collaged to XV. Howard v. Wal-mart Stores, Inc. Case Howard v. Wal-mart Stores, Inc. collaged to XV. Howard v. Wal-mart Stores, Inc. Case created: Gibson v. Garcia Case Gibson v. Garcia collaged to XVI. Gibson v. Garcia Case Gibson v. Garcia collaged to XVI. Gibson v. Garcia Case Gibson v. Garcia collaged to XVI. Gibson v. Garcia Case created: Davies v. Mann Case Davies v. Mann collaged to XVIII. Davies v. Mann Case Davies v. Mann collaged to XVIII. Davies v. Mann Case created: Washington Metro. Area Transit Authority v. Johnson Case Washington Metro. Area Transit Authority v. Johnson collaged to XVIII. Washington Metro. Area Transit Authority v. Johnson Case Washington Metro. Area Transit Authority v. Johnson collaged to XVIII. Washington Metro. Area Transit Authority v. Johnson Case Rix v. General Motors Corp. collaged to XX. Rix v. General Motors Corp. Case Rix v. General Motors Corp. collaged to XX. Rix v. 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Peake added to playlist Copy of Chapter 3: Ethics Case Some Ethical and Political Problems of a Government Attorney added to playlist Copy of Chapter 3: Ethics Case created: 17 USC § 102 Case 17 USC § 102 collaged to 17 USC § 102 Case created: 17 USC § 106 Case 17 USC § 106 collaged to 17 USC § 106 Case created: 17 USC § 501 Case 17 USC § 501 collaged to 17 USC § 501 Case created: 17 USC § 107 Case 17 USC § 107 collaged to 17 USC § 107 Case created: Bright Tunes Music Corp. v. Harrisongs Music, Ltd., 420 F.Supp. 177 (SDNY 1976) Case Bright Tunes Music Corp. v. Harrisongs Music, Ltd., 420 F.Supp. 177 (SDNY 1976) collaged to Bright Tunes Music Corp. v. Harrisongs Music, Ltd., 420 F.Supp. 177 (SDNY 1976) Case created: 17 USC § 412 Case 17 USC § 412 collaged to 17 USC § 412 Case created: 17 USC § 504 Case 17 USC § 504 collaged to 17 USC § 504 Case created: Womack v. Eldridge Case Womack v. Eldridge collaged to II. Womack v. Eldridge Case created: Intel Corp. v. 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Collage collaged to How to v. Collage Case How to v. Collage collaged to How to v. Collage copy **just because** Case Bryan v U.S. bookmarked by jdickins (220+) Case created: HURLEY v. EDDINGFIELD Case created: Swinton v. Whitinsville Savings Bank Case Arista Records LLC v. Lime Group LLC, No. 06 CV 5936 (KMW) (S.D.N.Y. 2010) collaged to Arista Records LLC v. Lime Group LLC, No. 06 CV 5936 (KMW) (S.D.N.Y. 2010) copy Case Lough v. Brunswick Corp. bookmarked by jdickins (220+) Case created: Balfour v. Balfour Case created: Anderson v. Backlund Case created: Shaheen v. Knight Case created: People v. Stamp Case created: People v. Phillips Case Calder et Wife v. Bull et Wife collaged to Calder et Wife. Bull et Wife [BS] copy Case Wood v. Groh bookmarked by jdickins (220+) Case Bilski v. Kappos bookmarked by jdickins (220+) Case Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc. bookmarked by jdickins (220+) Case created: STATE v. Tracy STEWART Case created: Williams v. State Case Keen v. 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Green collaged to State v. Green - edited Case created: EFFECTS ASSOCIATES v. COHEN Case People v. Thousand collaged to People v. Thousand - edited Case People v. Luparello collaged to People v. Luparello Case Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. v. Redd Horne, Inc. collaged to Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. v. Redd Horne, Inc. Case Selle v. Gibb collaged to Selle v. Gibb Case NICHOLS v. UNIVERSAL collaged to NICHOLS v. UNIVERSAL Case Steinberg v. Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. collaged to Steinberg v. Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. Case Nash v. CBS, Inc. collaged to Nash v. CBS, Inc. Case Nash v. CBS, INC. collaged to Nash v. CBS, INC. Case EFFECTS ASSOCIATES v. COHEN collaged to EFFECTS ASSOCIATES v. COHEN Case Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc. collaged to Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc. Case Castle Rock Entertainment, Inc. v. Carol Pub. Group, Inc. collaged to Castle Rock Entertainment, Inc. v. Carol Pub. Group, Inc. Case created: State v. Thompson Case created: People v. John Z. Case created: Government of Virgin Islands v. Scuito Case Bailey v. Commonwealth collaged to Bailey v. Commonwealth - edited Case State v. Hutchinson collaged to State v. Hutchinson - edited Case Short v. State collaged to Short v. State - edited Case McBoyle v. United States collaged to McBoyle v. United States - edited Case created: People v. Newton Case created: Jones v. United States Case created: Pope v. State Case created: People v. Stephens Case created: Garnett v. State Case created: Morissette v. United States Case created: Chicago v. Morales Case created: Rowling v. RDR Case Rowling v. RDR collaged to Rowling v. RDR Case created: Salinger v. Colting Case Salinger v. Colting collaged to Salinger v. Colting Case created: SUNTRUST BANK v. HOUGHTON MIFFLIN COMPANY Case created: WILLIAMS v. CRICHTON Case WILLIAMS v. CRICHTON collaged to WILLIAMS v. CRICHTON Case created: People v. Decina Case created: People v. Burton Case Vosburg v. 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Jewell Case created: People v. Marrero Case created: State. v. Guthrie Case created: United States v. Dotterweich Case created: Staples v. United States Case People v. Newton collaged to People v. Newton - edited Case created: State v. Williams Case created: Commonwealth v. Malone Case created: People v. Wells Case Chicago v. Morales collaged to Chicago v. Morales Case Hall, In re collaged to Hall, In re Case In re Cronyn collaged to In re Cronyn Case Egbert v. Lippmann collaged to Egbert v. Lippmann Case Metallizing Engineering Co. v. Kenyon Bearing & AP Co. collaged to Metallizing Engineering Co. v. Kenyon Bearing & AP Co. Case Paulsen, In re collaged to Paulsen, In re Case created: PFAFF v. WELLS ELECTRONICS, INC. Case PFAFF v. WELLS ELECTRONICS, INC. collaged to PFAFF v. WELLS ELECTRONICS, INC. Case Lough v. Brunswick Corp. collaged to Lough v. Brunswick Corp. Case created: In re Winslow Case In re Swartz collaged to In re Swartz Case Clay, In re collaged to In re Clay Case Pro-Mold and Tool Co., Inc. v. Great Lakes Plastics, Inc. collaged to Pro-Mold and Tool Co., Inc. v. Great Lakes Plastics, Inc. Case In re Winslow collaged to In re Winslow Case Application of Antle collaged to Application of Antle Case created: People v. Casassa Case created: People v. Stamp Case created: People v. Phillips Case created: State v. Stewart Case created: Commonwealth v. Welansky Case created: Hines v. State Case created: Barnett v. State Case created: People v. Lima Case created: People v. Washington Case created: People v. Johns Case created: Gregg v. Georgia Case created: State v. Kelly Case created: Kohler v. State Case created: United States v. Urena Case created: Banyard v. State Case created: United States v. Chi Tong Kuok Case created: State v. Crenshaw Case created: Blake v. United States Case created: United States v. Lyons Case created: Galloway v. State Case created: Commonwealth v. DiPadova Case created: State v. Rusk Case created: Boro v. Superior Court Case created: Commonwealth v. Fischer Case created: State v. DeLawder Case created: Smallwood v. State Case created: McQuirter v. State Case created: Ross v. State Case created: Hicks v. United States Case created: State v. Maxey Case created: Commonwealth v. Mochan Case created: Lawrence v. Texas Case created: People v. Acosta Case created: Montgomery v. State Case created: Maher v. People Case created: Fisher v. State Case created: PCAT v. State of Israel Case created: People v. Bieber Case created: The Queen v. Dudley and Stephens Case created: M'Naughten's Case Case created: State v. Singleton Case created: Princeton University Press v. Michigan Document Services, Inc. Case created: Basic Books, Inc. v. Kinko's Graphics Co. Case Commonwealth v. Sherry collaged to Commonwealth v. Sherry Case created: Caperton v. A.T. Massey Coal Co. Case created: Cambridge University Press v. Becker Case Princeton University Press v. Michigan Document Services, Inc. collaged to Princeton University Press v. Michigan Document Services, Inc. Case created: The King v. Porter Case McCleskey v. Kemp collaged to McCleskey v. Kemp Case Basic Books, Inc. v. Kinko's Graphics Co. collaged to Basic Books, Inc. v. Kinko's Graphics Co. Case Cambridge University Press v. Becker collaged to Cambridge University Press v. Becker Case created: TALK TO ME PRODUCTS, INC. v. LARAMI CORPORATION Case TALK TO ME PRODUCTS, INC. v. LARAMI CORPORATION collaged to TALK TO ME PRODUCTS, INC. v. LARAMI CORPORATION Case created: WARNER-JENKINSON CO., INC. v. HILTON DAVIS CHEMICAL CO. Case WARNER-JENKINSON CO., INC. v. HILTON DAVIS CHEMICAL CO. collaged to WARNER-JENKINSON CO., INC. v. HILTON DAVIS CHEMICAL CO. Case created: WILLIAM R. WARNER & COMPANY v. ELI LILLY & COMPANY. Case WILLIAM R. WARNER & COMPANY v. ELI LILLY & COMPANY. collaged to WILLIAM R. WARNER & COMPANY v. ELI LILLY & COMPANY. Case created: QUALITEX CO. v. JACOBSON PRODUCTS CO., INC. Case QUALITEX CO. v. JACOBSON PRODUCTS CO., INC. collaged to QUALITEX CO. v. JACOBSON PRODUCTS CO., INC. Case created: BLUE BELL, INC. v. FARAH MANUFACTURING COMPANY, INC. Case BLUE BELL, INC. v. FARAH MANUFACTURING COMPANY, INC. collaged to BLUE BELL, INC. v. FARAH MANUFACTURING COMPANY, INC. Case Zatarains, Inc. v. Oak Grove Smokehouse, Inc. collaged to Zatarains, Inc. v. Oak Grove Smokehouse, Inc. Case In re Budge Mfg. Co., Inc., collaged to In re Budge Mfg. Co., Inc., Case In re Nantucket, Inc., 677 F.2d 95, 213 U.S.P.Q. (BNA) 889 collaged to In re Nantucket, Inc., 677 F.2d 95, 213 U.S.P.Q. (BNA) 889 Case AMF Inc. v. Sleekcraft Boats collaged to AMF Inc. v. Sleekcraft Boats Case created: Playboy v. Welles, 2002 U.S. App. LEXIS 1561 (CA9 2002) Case Playboy v. Welles, 2002 U.S. App. LEXIS 1561 (CA9 2002) collaged to Playboy v. Welles, 2002 U.S. App. LEXIS 1561 (CA9 2002) Case created: Volkswagenwerk Aktiengesellschaft v. Church, 411 F.2d 350 (9th Cir. 1969) Case Volkswagenwerk Aktiengesellschaft v. Church, 411 F.2d 350 (9th Cir. 1969) collaged to Volkswagenwerk Aktiengesellschaft v. Church, 411 F.2d 350 (9th Cir. 1969) Case created: McGregor-Doniger, Inc. v. Drizzle, Inc., 599 F.2d 1126 (2d Cir. 1979) Case McGregor-Doniger, Inc. v. Drizzle, Inc., 599 F.2d 1126 (2d Cir. 1979) collaged to McGregor-Doniger, Inc. v. Drizzle, Inc., 599 F.2d 1126 (2d Cir. 1979) Case created: Aetna Life Ins. Co. v. Lavoie Case created: Perry v. Schwarzenegger Case created: State v. Smulls Case created: United States v. Nickl Case Commonwealth v. Welansky collaged to Commonwealth v. Welansky Case People v. Burton collaged to People v. Burton Case People v. John Z. collaged to People v. John Z. Case People v. Decina collaged to People v. Decina Case Government of Virgin Islands v. Scuito collaged to Government of Virgin Islands v. Scuito Case Kennedy v. Louisiana collaged to Kennedy v. Louisiana Case created: People v. Beardsley Case created: Prosecutor v. Kunarac Case People v. Stamp collaged to People v. Stamp Case People v. Marrero collaged to People v. Marrero Case Commonwealth v. Carroll collaged to Commonwealth v. Carroll Case United States v. Balint collaged to United States v. Balint Case People v. Kevorkian collaged to People v. Kevorkian Case People v. Casassa collaged to People v. Casassa Case People v. Goetz collaged to People v. Goetz Case created: Turner v. Stime Case created: State v. Town Case State v. Williams collaged to State v. Williams Case created: Tanner v. United States Case Commonwealth v. Malone collaged to Commonwealth v. Malone Case Caperton v. A.T. Massey Coal Co. collaged to Caperton v. A.T. Massey Coal Co. - edited Case People v. Wells collaged to People v. Wells Case Aetna Life Ins. Co. v. Lavoie collaged to Aetna Life Ins. Co. v. Lavoie - edited Case Perry v. Schwarzenegger collaged to Perry v. Schwarzenegger - edited Case People v. Phillips collaged to People v. Phillips Case People v. Unger collaged to People v. Unger Case State v. Stewart collaged to State v. Stewart Case State v. Smulls collaged to State v. Smulls - edited Case Hines v. State collaged to Hines v. State Case Barnett v. State collaged to Barnett v. State Case United States v. Nickl collaged to United States v. Nickl - edited Case People v. Lima collaged to People v. Lima Case People v. Washington collaged to People v. Washington Case People v. Johns collaged to People v. Johns Case Tanner v. United States collaged to Tanner v. United States - edited Case Turner v. Stime collaged to Turner v. Stime - edited Case State v. Town collaged to State v. Town - edited Case State v. Abbott collaged to State v. Abbott Case United States v. Jewell collaged to United States v. Jewell Case PCAT v. State of Israel collaged to PCAT v. State of Israel Case Kohler v. State collaged to Kohler v. State Case State v. Phillips collaged to State v. Phillips Case State. v. Guthrie collaged to State. v. Guthrie Case United States v. Urena collaged to United States v. Urena Case Fisher v. State collaged to Fisher v. State Case The Queen v. Dudley and Stephens collaged to The Queen v. Dudley and Stephens Case Banyard v. State collaged to Banyard v. State Case Miller v. Reiman-Wuerth Co collaged to VIII. Miller v. Reiman Wuerth Co. copy Case United States v. Chi Tong Kuok collaged to United States v. Chi Tong Kuok Case State v. Crenshaw collaged to State v. Crenshaw Case Blake v. United States collaged to Blake v. United States Case United States v. Lyons collaged to United States v. Lyons Case People v. Acosta collaged to People v. Acosta Case Galloway v. State collaged to Galloway v. State Case Vosburg v. Putney collaged to I. Vosburg v. Putney copy Case Commonwealth v. DiPadova collaged to Commonwealth v. DiPadova Case United States v. Brawner collaged to United States v. Brawner Case State v. Rusk collaged to State v. Rusk Case created: People v. Campbell Case Aas v. Superior Court collaged to Aas v. Superior Court Case Aas v. Superior Court collaged to Aas v. Superior Court Case Boro v. Superior Court collaged to Boro v. Superior Court Case Commonwealth v. Fischer collaged to Commonwealth v. Fischer Case State v. DeLawder collaged to State v. DeLawder Case Smallwood v. State collaged to Smallwood v. State Case McQuirter v. State collaged to McQuirter v. State Case Ross v. State collaged to Ross v. State Case Hicks v. United States collaged to Hicks v. United States Case State v. Maxey collaged to State v. Maxey Case Krulewitch v. United States collaged to Krulewitch v. United States Case Pinkerton v. United States collaged to Pinkerton v. United States Case People v. Lauria collaged to People v. Lauria Case Gebardi v. United States collaged to Gebardi v. United States Case Commonwealth v. Mochan collaged to Commonwealth v. Mochan Case People v. Beardsley collaged to People v. Beardsley Case Lawrence v. Texas collaged to Lawrence v. Texas Case Montgomery v. State collaged to Montgomery v. State Case State v. Brown collaged to State v. Brown Case created: McCullum v. Commonwealth Case created: People v. Rizzo Case Prosecutor v. Kunarac collaged to Prosecutor v. Kunarac Case created: The King v. Porter Case The King v. Porter collaged to The King v. Porter Case created: M'Naughten's Case Case M'Naughten's Case collaged to M'Naghten's Case Case State v. Kelly collaged to State v. Kelly Case Gregg v. Georgia collaged to Gregg v. Georgia Case created: U.S. v. Church Case created: Martin v. State Case created: Noakes v. Commonwealth Case Noakes v. Commonwealth collaged to Noakes v. Commonwealth Case created: Williams v. State Case Williams v. State collaged to Williams v. State Case created: State v. McVay Case United States v. Dotterweich collaged to United States v. 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Boynton Case created: Shaheen v. Knight Case created: Sherwood v. Walker Case created: Laidlaw v. Organ Case created: Swinton v. Whitinsville Savings Bank Case created: School Trustees of Trenton v. Bennett Case created: Hadley v. Baxendale Case Hadley v. Baxendale collaged to 2.0.19.1 Hadley v. Baxendale Case created: Balfour v. Balfour Case created: State v. Grimsley Case created: State v. Rodrigues Case created: United States v. Denny-Schaffer Case created: Roto-Lith, Ltd. v. F.P. Bartlett & Co. Case created: Roto-Lith, Ltd. v. F.P. Bartlett & Co. Case Roto-Lith, Ltd. v. F.P. Bartlett & Co. collaged to 3.6.1.2.1 Roto-Lith, Ltd. v. F.P. Bartlett & Co. Case created: United States v. Braunstein Case created: Langellier v. Schaefer Case created: Cole-McIntyre-Norfleet Co. v. Holloway Case A.L.A. Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States collaged to A.L.A. Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States Case Roto-Lith, Ltd. v. F.P. Bartlett & Co. collaged to Roto-Lith, Ltd. v. F.P. Bartlett & Co. Case created: Austin v. Burge Case created: Balfour v. Balfour Case created: Shaheen v. Knight Case created: Anderson v. Backlund Case created: Davis v. General Mills Food Corp. Case created: Armstrong v. M'Ghee Case Leichtman v. WLW Jacor Communications, Inc. collaged to II. Leichtman v. WLW Jacor Communications, Inc. copy Case created: National Union Fire Insurance Co. v. Joseph Ehrlich Case created: Prescott v. Jones Case created: Borg-Warner Corp. v. Anchor Coupling Co. Case created: Wheeler v. White Case created: Hoffman v. Red Owl Stores Case created: Sun Printing & Publishing Ass'n v. Remington Paper & Power Co. Inc. Case Hoffman v. Red Owl Stores collaged to Hoffman v. Red Owl Stores Case Davis & Co. v. Morgan collaged to TEST FOR CONTRACTS Case HURLEY v. EDDINGFIELD collaged to HURLEY v. EDDINGFIELD Case created: Sullivan v. O'Connor Case created: The Mabley & Carew Co. v. Borden Case created: Young and Ashburnham's Case Case created: Shaw v. Shaw Case created: Hertzog v. Hertzog Case created: Hewitt v. Hewitt Case created: Cotnam v. Wisdom Case created: Itek Corp. v. Chicago Aerial Industries, Inc. Case Itek Corp. v. Chicago Aerial Industries, Inc. collaged to 3.4.11.1 Itek Corp. v. Chicago Aerial Industries, Inc. Case created: Barnet's Estate Case created: Goodman v. Dicker Case created: Hill v. Waxberg Case created: Channel Master Corp. v. Aluminum Ltd. Sales Case created: Jenkins Towel Service, Inc. v. Fidelity-Philadelphia Trust Co. Case created: Lefkowitz v. Great Minneapolis Surplus Store, Inc. Case created: Moulton vs. Kershaw Case Hertzog v. Hertzog collaged to 3.2.3.1 Hertzog v. Hertzog Case created: Young and Ashburnham's Case Case created: Fairmount Glass Works v. Grunden-Martin Woodenware Co. Case Cole-McIntyre-Norfleet Co. v. Holloway collaged to 3.5.5.1 Cole-McIntyre-Norfleet Co. v. Holloway Case Prescott v. Jones collaged to 3.5.2.1 Prescott v. Jones Case Borg-Warner Corp. v. Anchor Coupling Co. collaged to 3.4.10.1 Borg-Warner Corp. v. Anchor Coupling Co. Case Goodman v. Dicker collaged to 3.4.4.1 Goodman v. Dicker Case Hill v. Waxberg collaged to 3.4.2.1 Hill v. Waxberg Case created: Sommers v. Putnam Board of Education Case Jenkins Towel Service, Inc. v. Fidelity-Philadelphia Trust Co. collaged to 3.3.4.1 Jenkins Towel Service, Inc. v. Fidelity-Philadelphia Trust Co. Case created: Upton-on-Severn Rural District Council v. Powell Case Upton-on-Severn Rural District Council v. Powell collaged to 3.2.10.1 Upton-on-Severn Rural District Council v. Powell Case created: Vickery v. Ritchie Case Vickery v. Ritchie collaged to 3.2.11.1 Vickery v. Ritchie Case Cotnam v. Wisdom collaged to 3.2.8.1 Cotnam v. Wisdom Case created: Michigan Central R.R. v. State Case created: Butler v. Foley Case United States v. Denny-Schaffer collaged to United States v. Denny-Schaffer Case created: Watteau v. Fenwick Case Watteau v. Fenwick collaged to Watteau v. Fenwick Case Hadley v. Baxendale collaged to 2.0.19.1 Hadley v. Baxendale copy Case Poughkeepsie Buying Service, Inc., v. Poughkeepsie Newspapers, Inc. collaged to 2.0.5.1 Poughkeepsie Buying Service, Inc., v. Poughkeepsie Newspapers, Inc. copy Case Hadley v. Baxendale collaged to 2.0.19.1 Hadley v. Baxendale copy Case Hadley v. Baxendale collaged to 2.0.19.1 Hadley v. Baxendale copy copy Case Hadley v. Baxendale collaged to 2.0.19.1 Hadley v. Baxendale copy Case Hurley v. Eddingfield collaged to 2.0.2.1 Hurley v. Eddingfield copy Case Hurley v. Eddingfield collaged to 2.0.2.1 Hurley v. Eddingfield copy Case Hurley v. Eddingfield collaged to 2.0.2.1 Hurley v. Eddingfield copy Case Vosburg v. Putney collaged to I. Vosburg v. Putney copy copy Case Vosburg v. Putney collaged to I. Vosburg v. Putney copy copy Case Vosburg v. Putney collaged to I. Vosburg v. Putney copy copy Case United States v. Carroll Towing Co., Inc. collaged to VI. United States v. Carroll Towing Co., Inc. copy Case created: Siegel v. Spear & Co. Case created: Fisher v. Jackson Case created: Chapman v. Bomann Case created: Lawrence v. Fox Case created: ROUSE v. UNITED STATES Case created: Lusk-Harbison-Jones, Inc. v. Universal Credit Co. Case created: Capitol Savings and Loan Association v. Przybylowicz Case created: Dickinson v. Dodds Case Capitol Savings and Loan Association v. Przybylowicz collaged to 3.7.6.1 Capitol Savings and Loan Association v. Przybylowicz Case created: Perreault v. Hall Case created: Feinberg v. Pfeiffer Co. Case created: James Baird Co. v. Gimbel Bros. Case created: Drennan v. Star Paving Co. Case created: Cushing v. Thomson Case created: Cushing v. Thomson Case created: MILLS v. WYMAN. Case created: Carlill v. Carbolic Smoke Ball Co. Case created: Davis v. Jacoby Case created: Great Northern Ry. v. Witham Case created: Webb v. McGowin Case created: AMERICAN HOME IMPROVEMENT, INC. v. MACIVER Case created: Lima Locomotive & Machine Co. v. National Steel Castings Co. Case created: Schlegel Manufacturing Co. v. Cooper’s Glue Factory Case State v. Grimsley collaged to State v. Grimsley Case State v. Rodrigues collaged to State v. Rodrigues Case created: State v. Greene Case State v. Greene collaged to State v. Greene Case created: Swindell & Co. v. First National Bank Case Fisher v. Jackson collaged to 3.7.4.1 Fisher v. Jackson Case created: Wood v. Lucy, Lady Duff-Gordon Case Chapman v. Bomann collaged to 3.7.7.1 Chapman v. Bomann Case created: C________ v. W________ Case C________ v. W________ collaged to 3.14.6.1 C________ v. W________ Case created: CUBAN ATLANTIC SUGAR SALES CORPORATION v. The MARINE MIDLAND TRUST COMPANY OF NEW YORK Case CUBAN ATLANTIC SUGAR SALES CORPORATION v. The MARINE MIDLAND TRUST COMPANY OF NEW YORK collaged to 12.5.1.1 CUBAN ATLANTIC SUGAR SALES CORPORATION v. The MARINE MIDLAND TRUST COMPANY OF NEW YORK Case created: WILLIAMS v. WALKER-THOMAS FURNITURE CO. Case created: Sylvan Crest Sand & Gravel Co. v. United States Case created: Bernstein v. W. B. Manufacturing Co. Case created: Copeland v. Beard Case created: Postal Telegraph-Cable Company v. Floyd Willis Case created: Taft v. Hyatt Case created: Gurfein v. Werbelovsky Case Siegel v. Spear & Co. collaged to 3.7.2.1 Siegel v. Spear & Co. Case ROUSE v. UNITED STATES collaged to 11.5.5.1 Rouse v. United States Case Lawrence v. Fox collaged to 11.2.1.1 Lawrence v. Fox Case created: Kirksey v. Kirksey Case MILLS v. WYMAN. collaged to 3.14.5.1 Mills v. Wyman Case AMERICAN HOME IMPROVEMENT, INC. v. MACIVER collaged to 4.2.2.1 American Home Improvement, Inc. v. MacIver Case created: Hamer v. Sidway Case created: Allegheny College v. National Chautauqua County Bank of Jamestown Case WILLIAMS v. WALKER-THOMAS FURNITURE CO. collaged to 4.2.3.1 Williams v. Walker-Thomas Furniture Co. Case created: Seaver v. Ransom Case created: Langel v. Betz Case created: Boston Ice Co. v. Potter Case created: Webb v. McGowin (Alabama Supreme Court) Case James Baird Co. v. Gimbel Bros. collaged to 3.8.4.1 James Baird Co. v. Gimbel Bros. Case Rhode Island Tool Co. v. United States collaged to 3.9.4.1 Rhode Island Tool Co. v. United States Case Great Northern Ry. v. Witham collaged to 3.11.2.1 Great Northern Ry. v. Witham Case Swindell & Co. v. First National Bank collaged to 3.11.4.1 Swindell & Co. v. First National Bank Case Sylvan Crest Sand & Gravel Co. v. United States collaged to 3.12.4.1 Sylvan Crest Sand & Gravel Co. v. United States Case Bernstein v. W. B. Manufacturing Co. collaged to 3.12.7.1 Bernstein v. W. B. Manufacturing Co. Case Gurfein v. Werbelovsky collaged to 3.12.8.1 Gurfein v. Werbelovsky Case Allegheny College v. National Chautauqua County Bank of Jamestown collaged to 3.13.11.1 Allegheny College v. National Chautauqua County Bank of Jamestown Case Perreault v. Hall collaged to 3.14.7.1 Perreault v. Hall Case Webb v. McGowin collaged to 3.14.10.1 Webb v. McGowin Case Patterson v. Walker-Thomas Furniture Co. collaged to 4.2.4.1 Patterson v. Walker-Thomas Furniture Co. Case Jones v. Star Credit Corp. collaged to 4.2.5.1 Jones v. Star Credit Corp. Case Seaver v. Ransom collaged to 11.2.3.1 Seaver v. Ransom Case Copeland v. Beard collaged to 11.5.3.1 Copeland v. Beard Case Langel v. Betz collaged to 12.4.1.1 Langel v. Betz Case Boston Ice Co. v. Potter collaged to 12.4.2.1 Boston Ice Co. v. Potter Case Hertzog v. Hertzog collaged to 3.2.3.1 Hertzog v. Hertzog copy Case created: Thompson v. Libby Case created: Crawford v. France Case created: Jordan v. Dobbins Case created: Loranger Construction Corp. v. E. F. Hauserman Co. Case created: Southern California Acoustics Co. v. C. V. Holder, Inc. Case created: Palo Alto Town & Country Village, Inc. v. BBTC Company Case created: Danann Realty Corp. v. Harris Case created: Caldwell v. Cline Case created: Hay v. Fortier Case Fairmount Glass Works v. Grunden-Martin Woodenware Co. collaged to 3.3.6.1 Fairmount Glass Works v. Grunden-Martin Woodenware Co. Case Lefkowitz v. Great Minneapolis Surplus Store, Inc. collaged to 3.3.3.1 Lefkowitz v. Great Minneapolis Surplus Store, Inc. Case created: Zell v. American Seating Co. Case Langellier v. Schaefer collaged to 3.5.6.1 Langellier v. Schaefer Case created: Crook v. Cowan Case United States v. Braunstein collaged to 3.5.8.1 United States v. Braunstein Case created: Miller v. Stanich Case created: Ricketts v. Pennsylvania R.R. Case created: State v. Darnell Case State v. Darnell collaged to State v. Darnell Case created: Kirkland v. State Case Kirkland v. State collaged to Kirkland v. State Case created: Carlton v. Smith Case created: Los Angeles Traction Co. v. Wilshire Case created: Parker v. State Case Parker v. State collaged to Parker v. State Case created: Krell v. Henry Case created: American Seating Co. v. Zell Case created: Bishop v. Eaton Case created: Sherwood v. Walker Case created: Hall v. Wright Case created: Jacob & Youngs, Inc. v. Kent Case created: LLOYD v. MURPHY Case created: Gainsford v. Carroll Case created: Norrington v. Wright Case created: Lumley v. Wagner Case created: Campbell Soup Co. v. Wentz Case created: BUTTERFIELD. v. BYRON. Case created: Miron v. Yonkers Raceway, Inc. Case Lawrence v. Texas collaged to Lawrence v. Texas Copy for Brown Bag Case created: Acme Mills & Elevator Co v. Johnson Case created: Philadelphia v. Tripple Case created: Stokes v. Moore Case created: Klar v. H. & M. Parcel Room, Inc. Case created: Kemble v. Farren Case created: Peevyhouse v. Garland Coal & Mining Co. Case created: Panhandle Agri-Service, Inc. v. Becker Case Thompson v. Libby collaged to 7.2.1.1 Thompson v. Libby Case Crawford v. France collaged to 7.2.3.1 Crawford v. France Case created: Clark v. Marsiglia Case created: Globe Refining Co. v. Landa Cotton Oil Co. Case created: Mount Pleasant Stable Co. v. Steinberg Case created: U.S. v. Behan Case created: Kehoe v. Rutherford Case created: Roehm v. Horst Case created: Oloffson v. Coomer Case created: Jameson v. Board of Education. Case created: LOUISE CAROLINE NURSING HOME, INC. v. DIX CONSTRUCTION CORP. Case created: Raffles v. Wichelhaus Case created: Mitchill v. Lath Case created: Paradine v. Jane Case created: Missouri Furnace Co. v. Cochran Case created: Taylor v. Caldwell Case created: Kerr Steamship Co., Inc. v. Radio Corp. America Case Mitchill v. Lath collaged to 7.2.4.1 Mitchill v. Lath Case Miller v. Stanich collaged to 8.2.6.1 Miller v. Stanich Case Taylor v. Caldwell collaged to 8.4.5.1 Taylor v. Caldwell Case BUTTERFIELD. v. BYRON. collaged to 8.5.2.1 Butterfield v. Byron Case Lumley v. Wagner collaged to 10.2.2.1 Lumley v. Wagner Case Stokes v. Moore collaged to 10.2.3.1 Stokes v. Moore Case Campbell Soup Co. v. Wentz collaged to 10.2.5.1 Campbell Soup Co. v. Wentz Case Freund v. Washington Square Press, Inc. collaged to 10.3.2.1 Freund v. Washington Square Press, Inc. Case Globe Refining Co. v. Landa Cotton Oil Co. collaged to 10.3.10.1 Globe Refining Co. v. Landa Cotton Oil Co. Case Kerr Steamship Co., Inc. v. Radio Corp. America collaged to 10.3.11.1 Kerr S.S. Co., Inc. v. Radio Corp. America Case U.S. v. Behan collaged to 10.3.15.1 United States v. Behan Case McCarthy v. Tally collaged to 10.4.5.1 McCarthy v. Tally Case Taft v. Hyatt collaged to 3.10.3.1 Taft v. Hyatt for Yoona Case Ricketts v. Pennsylvania R.R. collaged to 8.2.7.1 Ricketts v. Pennsylvania R.R. Case Sherwood v. Walker collaged to 8.3.2.1 Sherwood v. Walker Case Zell v. American Seating Co. collaged to 7.2.8.1 Zell v. American Seating Co. Case Krell v. Henry collaged to 8.4.6.1 Krell v. Henry Case LLOYD v. MURPHY collaged to 8.5.4.1 Lloyd v. Murphy Case Norrington v. Wright collaged to 9.3.1.1 Norrington v. Wright Case Miron v. Yonkers Raceway, Inc. collaged to 9.3.3.1 Miron v. Yonkers Raceway, Inc. Case Kehoe v. Rutherford collaged to 10.3.16.1 Kehoe v. Rutherford Case Peevyhouse v. Garland Coal & Mining Co. collaged to 10.3.4.1 Peevyhouse v. Garland Coal & Mining Co. Case Philadelphia v. Tripple collaged to 10.3.17.1 Philadelphia v. Tripple Case Panhandle Agri-Service, Inc. v. Becker collaged to 10.3.7.1 Panhandle Agri-Service, Inc. v. Becker Case Missouri Furnace Co. v. Cochran collaged to 10.5.5.1 Missouri Furnace Co. v. Cochran Case Oloffson v. Coomer collaged to 10.5.7.1 Oloffson v. Coomer Case Mount Pleasant Stable Co. v. Steinberg collaged to 10.5.9.1 Mount Pleasant Stable Co. v. Steinberg Case Jameson v. Board of Education. collaged to 10.5.10.1 Jameson v. Board of Education Case created: Air Products & Chem., Inc. v. Fairbanks Morse, Inc. Case LOUISE CAROLINE NURSING HOME, INC. v. DIX CONSTRUCTION CORP. collaged to 10.5.11.1 Louise Caroline Nursing Home, Inc. v. Dix Construction Corp. Case created: Medberry v. Olcovich Case created: Lawrence v. Oglesby Case created: Skinner v. Tober Foreign Motors Inc. Case created: Wheat v. Morse Case created: Crabtree v. Elizabeth Arden Sales Corp. Case created: Underwood Typewriter Co. v. Century Realty Co. Case Hall v. Wright collaged to 8.4.4.1 Hall v. Wright Case Roehm v. Horst collaged to 10.5.3.1 Roehm v. Horst Case Hamer v. Sidway collaged to 3.13.8.1 Hamer v. Sidway Case created: White v. Corlies Case Carlill v. Carbolic Smoke Ball Co. collaged to 3.10.2.1 Carlill v. Carbolic Smoke Ball Co. Case created: Petterson v. Pattberg Case created: Neri v. Retail Marine Corp. Case Neri v. Retail Marine Corp. collaged to 10.3.13.1 Neri v. Retail Marine Corp. Case created: Ricketts v. Scothorn Case created: Seavey v. Drake Case created: Roberts-Horsfield v. Gedicks Case created: De Cicco v. Schweizer Case created: Devecmon v. Shaw Case created: In re Schoenkerman’s Estate Case created: Gillingham v. Brown Case Jacob & Youngs, Inc. v. Kent collaged to 9.4.5.1 Jacob & Youngs, Inc. v. Kent Case created: Elbinger v. Capitol & Teutonia Co. Case created: Embola v. Tuppela Case created: Lampleigh v. Brathwait Case created: United States v. Bethlehem Steel Corp. Case created: Eastwood v. Kenyon Case created: Kugler v. Romain Case created: Marks v. Gates Case created: Stilk v. Myrick Case created: Fitts v. Panhandle & S. F. RY. Case Martin v. State collaged to Martin v. State Case created: Consolidated Edison Co. v. Arroll Case created: B. v. Dir. Public Prosecutions Case created: Lingenfelder v. The Wainwright Brewing Co. Case created: Foakes v. Beer Case created: Geobel v. Linn Case created: Goebel v. Linn Case created: Hackley v. Headley Case created: Austin Instrument Inc. v. Loral Corp. Case created: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Inc. v. Grokster Case created: Intervest Construction v. Canterbury Estate Homes Case created: Cartoon Network LP v. CSC Holdings, Inc., Case Calder et Wife v. Bull et Wife collaged to Calder et Wife. Bull et Wife [BS] copy Case created: Dastar Corporation v. Twentieth Century Fox Film Corp. Case created: Gaylord v. United States Case created: U.S. v. Fleming Case Cushing v. Thomson collaged to 3.9.2.1.1 Cushing v. Thomson Case Postal Telegraph-Cable Company v. Floyd Willis collaged to 3.9.8.1 Postal Telegraph-Cable Company v. Floyd Willis Case Davis v. Jacoby collaged to 3.10.6.1 Davis v. Jacoby Case Lima Locomotive & Machine Co. v. National Steel Castings Co. collaged to 3.11.5.1 Lima Locomotive & Machine Co. v. National Steel Castings Co. Case Schlegel Manufacturing Co. v. Cooper’s Glue Factory collaged to 3.11.8.1 Schlegel Manufacturing Co. v. Cooper’s Glue Factory Case Wood v. Lucy, Lady Duff-Gordon collaged to 3.12.2.1 Wood v. Lucy, Lady Duff-Gordon Case created: Estate of Martin Luther King, Jr. v. CBS, Inc. Case created: Lotus Development Corp. v. Borland International, Inc. Case created: Hotaling v. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints Case created: Pivot Point, Int'l v. Charlene Products Case created: Avtec Systems, Inc. v. Peiffer, Case created: Fantasy, Inc. v. Fogerty Case created: Bleistein v. Donaldson Lithographing Co., Case created: Alexander v. Haley Case created: Swirsky v. Carey Case created: Boisson v. Banian, Ltd. Case created: Aalmuhammed v. Lee Case created: State v. Davis Case created: Quality King Distributors, Inc. v. L'anza Research International, Inc. Case created: Three Boys Music Corp. v. Michael Bolton Case created: Micro Star v. FormGen Inc. Case created: Martin v. City of Indianapolis Case B. v. Dir. Public Prosecutions collaged to B. v. Director of Public Prosecutions Case created: Universal City Studios, Inc. v. Corley Case created: Durham v. State Case created: State of New Jersey in the Interest of M.T.S. Case created: Sony Computer Entertainment, Inc. v. Connectix Corp. Case created: Girouard v. State Case created: Mannion v. Coors Brewing Co. Case State of New Jersey in the Interest of M.T.S. collaged to State of New Jersey in the Interest of M.T.S. Case created: Bridgeport Music, Inc. v. Dimension Films LLC Case U.S. v. Fleming collaged to United States v. Fleming Case State v. Davis collaged to State v. Davis Case Girouard v. State collaged to Girouard v. State Case created: State v. Tally Case State v. Tally collaged to State v. Tally Case created: Blanch v. Koons Case created: Sony Corporation of America v. Universal City Studios, Inc. Case created: Stewart v. Abend Case created: Golan v. Holder Case created: A. A. Hoehling v. Universal City Studios, Inc. Case created: Vernor v. Autodesk Case created: Textile Secrets International v. Ya-Ya Brand, Inc. Case created: Perfect 10 v. Amazon.com Case created: United States v. Moran Case created: Sony BMG Music Entertainment v. Tenenbaum Case created: Thomas v. Thomas Case created: Harper & Row, Publishers v. Nation Enterprises Case created: Fischer v. Union Trust Co. Case created: Murphy, Thompson & Co. v. Reed Case created: Newton v. Diamond Case created: New York Times Co. v. Tasini Case created: Frank Music Corp. v. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Inc. Case created: Aller v. Aller Case created: Salinger v. Colting Case created: Schnell v. Nell Case created: Computer Associates International, Inc. v. Altai, Inc., Case created: Cochran v. Taylor Case created: Lee v. A.R.T. Company Case created: Pillans and Rose v. Van Mierop and Hopkins Case created: Colpitts v. L. C. Fisher Co. Case created: Montuori v. Bailen Case created: Bader v. Hiscox Case created: Doyle v. Dixon Case created: Hudson v. Yonkers Fruit Co., Inc. Case created: Harvey v. J. P. Morgan & Co. Case created: Imperator Realty Co., Inc. v. Tull Case created: Boone v. Coe Case created: McRae v. Commonwealth Disposals Commission Case created: Pym v. Campbell Case created: Eastern Air Lines Inc. v. Gulf Oil Corp. Case created: L. Albert & Son v. Armstrong Rubber Co. Case created: Utah International, Inc. v. Colorado-Ute Elec. Assn. Inc. Case created: Savile v. Savile Case created: Canadian Industrial Alcohol Co. v. Dunbar Molasses Co. Case created: Nute v. Hamilton Mutual Insurance Co. Case created: American Trading & Production Corp. v. Shell International Marine Ltd. Case created: Warren v. Lynch Case created: Garrity v. Lyle Stuart, Inc. Case Seavey v. Drake collaged to 3.13.5.1 Seavey v. Drake Case created: Maurice O’Meara Co. v. National Park Bank of New York Case created: Henningsen v. Bloomfield Motors, Inc. Case created: Britton v. Turner Case created: Krell v. Codman Case created: Vrooman v. Turner Case created: Socony-Vacuum Oil Company v. Continental Casualty Company Case created: Smith v. Brady Case created: Witschard v. A. Brody & Sons, Inc. Case created: Amsinck v. American Insurance Co. Case created: Nichols v. Raynbred Case created: Daniels v. Newton Case created: Baldridge v. Centgraf Case created: Pordage v. Cole Case created: Boone v. Eyre Case created: Ford v. Mutual Life Insurance Co. of New York Case created: Security Stove & Mfg. Co. v. American Ry. Express Co. Case Devecmon v. Shaw collaged to 3.13.7.1 Devecmon v. Shaw Case created: In re City of New York v. Bedford Bar & Grill, Inc. Case created: Babson v. Village of Ulysses Case created: Speelman v. Pascal Case created: British Waggon Co. v. Lea & Co. Case created: Dearle v. Hall Case created: Muller v. Pondir Case created: State Factors Corp. v. Sales Factors Corp. Case created: Kingston v. Preston Case created: Sillman v. Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corp. Case created: Shiro v. Drew Case created: In re Dodge-Freedman Poultry Co. Case created: Westesen v. Olathe State Bank Case created: Strong v. Sheffield Case created: Cook v. Wright Case created: Rockmore v. Lehman Case created: Haigh v. Brooks Case created: The Heron II (Kaufos v. C. Czarnikow, Ltd.) Case Kugler v. Romain collaged to 4.2.6.1 Kugler v. Romain Case Embola v. Tuppela collaged to 4.1.7.1 Embola v. Tuppela Case Roberts-Horsfield v. Gedicks collaged to 3.13.6.1 Roberts-Horsfield v. Gedicks Case created: Community For Creative Non-Violence et el. v. Reid Case created: Practice Management Information Corp. v. American Medical Association Case De Cicco v. Schweizer collaged to 3.13.10.1 De Cicco v. Schweizer Case In re Schoenkerman’s Estate collaged to 3.14.8.1 In re Schoenkerman’s Estate Case Elbinger v. Capitol & Teutonia Co. collaged to 3.14.9.1 Elbinger v. Capitol & Teutonia Co. Case Vincent v. Lake Erie Transp. Co. collaged to Vincent v. Lake Erie Transp. Co. Case Lee v. A.R.T. Company collaged to Lee v. A.R.T. Company Case Marks v. Gates collaged to 4.1.6.1 Marks v. Gates Case Cook v. Wright collaged to 4.1.4.1 Cook v. Wright Case created: Reno v. ACLU Case Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union bookmarked by Andy Sellars (30+) Case Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union collaged to Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union Case Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union collaged to Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union copy Case Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union collaged to Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union copy Case Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union collaged to Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union copy Case Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union collaged to Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union copy Case Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union collaged to Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union copy Case Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union collaged to Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union copy Case Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union collaged to Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union copy Case Eastern Air Lines Inc. v. Gulf Oil Corp. collaged to 3.11.6.1 Eastern Air Lines Inc. v. Gulf Oil Corp. Case Hammond v. C.I.T. Financial Corp. collaged to 3.12.3.1 Hammond v. C.I.T. Financial Corp. Case Lampleigh v. Brathwait collaged to 3.14.3.1 Lampleigh v. Brathwait Case Strong v. Sheffield collaged to 3.10.4.1 Strong v. Sheffield Case Westesen v. Olathe State Bank collaged to 3.11.3.1 Westesen v. Olathe State Bank Case Utah International, Inc. v. Colorado-Ute Elec. Assn. Inc. collaged to 3.11.7.1 Utah International, Inc. v. Colorado-Ute Elec. Assn. Inc. Case Reinert v. Lawson collaged to 3.12.6.1 Reinert v. Lawson Case Medberry v. Olcovich collaged to 3.14.12.1 Medberry v. Olcovich Case Carlton v. Smith collaged to 3.12.5.1 Carlton v. Smith Case Haigh v. Brooks collaged to 4.1.3.1 Haigh v. Brooks Case Stilk v. Myrick collaged to 4.5.2.1 Stilk v. Myrick Case Lingenfelder v. The Wainwright Brewing Co. collaged to 4.5.3.1 Lingenfelder v. The Wainwright Brewing Co. Case Skinner v. Tober Foreign Motors Inc. collaged to 4.5.8.1 Skinner v. Tober Foreign Motors Inc. Case Fitts v. Panhandle & S. F. RY. collaged to 4.5.12.1 Fitts v. Panhandle & S. F. RY. Case Vosburg v. Putney collaged to Vosburg v. Putney Case Boshart v. Gardner collaged to 4.5.18.1 Boshart v. Gardner Case Wishnatsky v. Huey collaged to II. Wishnatsky v. Huey copy Case Wishnatsky v. Huey collaged to II. Wishnatsky v. Huey copy copy Case Goebel v. Linn collaged to 4.5.4.1 Goebel v. Linn Case Austin Instrument Inc. v. Loral Corp. collaged to 4.5.5.1 Austin Instrument Inc. v. Loral Corp. Case Foakes v. Beer collaged to 4.5.9.1 Foakes v. Beer Case Hackley v. Headley collaged to 4.5.10.1 Hackley v. Headley Case Consolidated Edison Co. v. Arroll collaged to 4.5.14.1 Consolidated Edison Co. v. Arroll Case Hudson v. Yonkers Fruit Co., Inc. collaged to 4.5.15.1 Hudson v. Yonkers Fruit Co., Inc. Case Goldbard v. Empire State Mutual Life Insurance Co. collaged to 4.5.17.1 Goldbard v. Empire State Mutual Life Insurance Co. Case Thomas v. Thomas collaged to 5.1.4.1 Thomas v. Thomas Case Fischer v. Union Trust Co. collaged to 5.1.5.1 Fischer v. Union Trust Co. Case Murphy, Thompson & Co. v. Reed collaged to 5.1.6.1 Murphy, Thompson & Co. v. Reed Case Goulet v. Goulet collaged to 5.2.4.1 Goulet v. Goulet Case Schnell v. Nell collaged to 5.2.6.1 Schnell v. Nell Case Lawrence v. Anderson collaged to 6.2.1.1 Lawrence v. Anderson Case created: Eastwood v. Kenyon Case Eastwood v. Kenyon collaged to 6.2.2.1 Eastwood v. Kenyon Case Taylor v. Lee collaged to 6.2.3.1 Taylor v. Lee Case Imperator Realty Co., Inc. v. Tull collaged to 6.4.1.1 Imperator Realty Co., Inc. v. Tull Case Boone v. Coe collaged to 6.4.2.1 Boone v. Coe Case Real Estate Co. of Pittsburgh v. Rudolph collaged to 5.1.7.1 Real Estate Co. of Pittsburgh v. Rudolph Case Aller v. Aller collaged to 5.2.5.1 Aller v. Aller Case Cochran v. Taylor collaged to 5.2.7.1 Cochran v. Taylor Case Pillans and Rose v. Van Mierop and Hopkins collaged to 5.2.8.1 Pillans and Rose v. Van Mierop and Hopkins Case Witschard v. A. Brody & Sons, Inc. collaged to 6.2.4.1 Witschard v. A. Brody & Sons, Inc. Case Colpitts v. L. C. Fisher Co. collaged to 6.2.5.1 Colpitts v. L. C. Fisher Co. Case Bader v. Hiscox collaged to 6.2.6.1 Bader v. Hiscox Case Doyle v. Dixon collaged to 6.2.7.1 Doyle v. Dixon Case Harvey v. J. P. Morgan & Co. collaged to 6.2.8.1 Harvey v. J. P. Morgan & Co. Case Montuori v. Bailen collaged to 6.2.9.1 Montuori v. Bailen Case Amsinck v. American Insurance Co. collaged to 6.2.11.1 Amsinck v. American Insurance Co. Case Baldridge v. Centgraf collaged to 6.3.3.1 Baldridge v. Centgraf Case Alaska Airlines v. Stephenson collaged to 6.4.3.1 Alaska Airlines v. Stephenson Case Pym v. Campbell collaged to 7.2.2.1 Pym v. Campbell Case Savile v. Savile collaged to 8.4.3.1 Savile v. Savile Case created: Watteau v. Fenwick Case Watteau v. Fenwick collaged to 2.0.7.1 Watteau v. Fenwick Case created: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Inc. v. American Honda Motor Co. Case Laidlaw v. Organ collaged to 2.0.13.1 Laidlaw v. Organ Case Canadian Industrial Alcohol Co. v. Dunbar Molasses Co. collaged to 8.5.3.1 Canadian Industrial Alcohol Co. v. Dunbar Molasses Co. Case American Trading & Production Corp. v. Shell International Marine Ltd. collaged to 8.5.5.1 American Trading & Production Corp. v. Shell International Marine Ltd. Case Bleistein v. Donaldson Lithographing Co., collaged to Bleistein v. Donaldson Lithographing Co., 188 U.S. 239 (1903) Case Nichols v. Raynbred collaged to 9.2.1.1 Nichols v. Raynbred Case Pordage v. Cole collaged to 9.2.2.1 Pordage v. Cole Case Kingston v. Preston collaged to 9.2.3.1 Kingston v. Preston Case Boone v. Eyre collaged to 9.2.4.1 Boone v. Eyre Case created: Picard v. Barry Pontiac-Buick, Inc. Case Alexander v. Haley collaged to Alexander v. Haley, 460 F.Supp. 40 (S.D.N.Y. 1978) Case created: Dellwo v. Pearson Case created: Escola v. Coca Cola Bottling Company of Fresno Case created: Feist Publications, Inc. v. Rural Telephone Service Co. Case created: Garratt v. Dailey Case created: Wishnatsky v. Huey Case Feist Publications, Inc. v. Rural Telephone Service Co. collaged to Feist Publications, Inc. v. Rural Telephone Service Co., 499 U.S. 340 (1991) Case created: Leichtman v. WLW Jacor Communications, Inc. Case Maurice O’Meara Co. v. National Park Bank of New York collaged to 9.3.4.1 Maurice O’Meara Co. v. National Park Bank of New York Case created: Vosburg v. Putney Case Britton v. Turner collaged to 9.4.1.1 Britton v. Turner Case created: Werth v. Taylor Case created: Womack v. Eldridge Case created: Lopez v. Winchell's Donut House Case created: Parvi v. City of Kingston Case Smith v. Brady collaged to 9.4.2.1 Smith v. Brady Case created: Hackbart v. Cincinnati Bengals, Inc. Case created: Barbara A. v. John G. Case Cartoon Network LP v. CSC Holdings, Inc., collaged to 1.5.1. Cartoon Network LP v. CSC Holdings, Inc., 536 F.3d 121 (2d Cir. 2008) [Background and Part I] Case created: Alcorn v. Mitchell Case created: Peterson v. Sorlien Case Cartoon Network LP v. CSC Holdings, Inc., collaged to Cartoon Network LP v. CSC Holdings, Inc., 536 F.3d 121 (2d Cir. 2008) Case created: Eilers v. Coy Case Pivot Point, Int'l v. Charlene Products collaged to Pivot Point, Int'l v. Charlene Products, 372 F.3d 913 (7th Cir. 2004) Case Moch Co. v. Rensselaer Water Co. collaged to 11.4.2.1 Moch Co. v. Rensselaer Water Co. Case created: Bright v. Ailshie Case created: Ploof v. Putnam Case created: Vincent v. Lake Erie Transp. Co. Case created: Glidden v. Szybiak Case created: Katko v. Briney Case created: CompuServe v. Cyber Promotions Case created: Intel Corp. v. Hamidi Case created: Topps v. Ferraro Case created: Chicago v. Krayenbuhl Case created: Baker v. Selden Case created: United States v. Carroll Towing Co. Case created: Pokora v. Wabash RY. Co. Case created: Andrews v. United Airlines, Inc. Case created: Akins v. Glens Falls City School District Case created: Wood v. Groh Case created: Goss v. Allen Case NICHOLS v. UNIVERSAL collaged to 3.1.3. Nichols v. Universal Pictures Corp., 45 F.2d 119 (2d Cir. 1930) (reprise) Case created: Ellis v. D'Angelo Case Intervest Construction v. Canterbury Estate Homes collaged to Intervest Construction v. Canterbury Estate Homes, 554 F.3d 914 (CA11 2008) Case created: McCarty v. Pheasant Run, Inc. Case created: Bashi v. Wodraz Case created: Miller v. Reilly Case created: Miller v. Reiman-Wuerth Company Case created: Christensen v. Swenson Case created: Bussard v. Minimed, Inc. Case created: Kuehn v. Inter-city Freight Case created: Sage Club v. Hunt Case McRae v. Commonwealth Disposals Commission collaged to 8.3.3.1 McRae v. Commonwealth Disposals Commission Case created: Roessler v. Novak Case created: Shuck v. Means Case Security Stove & Mfg. Co. v. American Ry. Express Co. collaged to 10.3.18.1 Security Stove & Mfg. Co. v. American Ry. Express Co. Case created: Larson v. St. Francis Hotel Case created: Connolly v. Nicollet Hotel Case created: Ybarra v. Spangard Case L. Albert & Son v. Armstrong Rubber Co. collaged to 10.3.19.1 L. Albert & Son v. Armstrong Rubber Co. Case created: Fireman's Fund American Insurance Cos. v. Knobbe Case created: Rushink v. Gerstheimer Case created: Robinson v. District of Columbia Case created: Tedla v. Ellman Case created: Harper v. Herman Case Nute v. Hamilton Mutual Insurance Co. collaged to 10.4.2.1 Nute v. Hamilton Mutual Insurance Co. Case created: Farwell v. Keaton Case created: Menu v. Minor Case Garrity v. Lyle Stuart, Inc. collaged to 10.4.3.1 Garrity v. Lyle Stuart, Inc. Case created: Randi W. v. Muroc Joint Unified School District Case created: Broadbent v. Broadbent Case created: Tarasoff v. Regents of University of California Case created: Hawkins v. Pizarro Case created: Einhorn v. Seeley Case created: Boyd v. Racine Currency Exchange Case created: Charles v. Seigfried Case created: Kelly v. Gwinnell Case created: Riss v. City of New York Case created: Schuster v. City of New York Case created: Weiner v. Metro. Transit Authority Case created: Garcia v. Superior Court of Santa Clara County Case Computer Associates International, Inc. v. Altai, Inc., collaged to Computer Associates International, Inc. v. Altai, Inc., 982 F.2d 693 (2d Cir. 1992) Case created: Florence v. Goldberg Case created: Falzone v. Busch Case created: Portee v. Jaffee Case Henningsen v. Bloomfield Motors, Inc. collaged to 10.4.8.1 Henningsen v. Bloomfield Motors, Inc. Case created: Pizarro v. 421 Port Associates Case created: Roman v. Carroll Case created: Gammon v. Osteopathic Hospital of Maine, Inc. Case created: Koch v. Consolidated Edison Co. Case created: Strauss v. Belle Realty Co. Case Fair v. Negley collaged to 10.4.11.1 Fair v. Negley Case created: Howard v. Wal-mart Stores, Inc. Case created: People Express Airlines, Inc. v. Consolidated Rail Corp. Case created: Brown v. Wal-Mart Case created: Summers v. Tice Case created: Garcia v. Joseph Vince Co. Case created: Anderson v. Minneapolis, St. P. & S. St. M. R.R. Co. Case created: Ravo v. Rogatnick Case created: Benn v. Thomas Case created: Steinhauser v. Hertz Corp. Case created: Gibson v. Garcia Case Socony-Vacuum Oil Company v. Continental Casualty Company collaged to 11.3.2.1 Socony-Vacuum Oil Company v. Continental Casualty Company Case created: Knight v. Jewett Case created: Cohen v. McIntyre Case created: Lowe v. California League of Professional Baseball Case created: Shorter v. Drury Case A. A. Hoehling v. Universal City Studios, Inc. collaged to A.A. Hoehling v. Universal City Studios, Inc., 618 F.2d 972 (2d Cir. 1980) Case created: Derheim v. N. Fiorito, Inc. Case created: Fritts v. McKinne Case created: Barker v. Kallash Case created: Veazey v. Elmwood Plantation Associates, Inc. Case created: Washington Metro. Area Transit Authority v. Johnson Case created: Hammontree v. Jenner Case Lotus Development Corp. v. Borland International, Inc. collaged to Lotus Development Corporation v. Borland International, Inc., 49 F.3d 807 (1st Cir. 1995) Case created: Crosby v. Cox Aircraft Co. Case created: Torchia v. Fisher Case created: Franken v. City of Sioux Center Case created: Rix v. General Motors Corp. Case created: Keen v. Dominick's Finer Foods, Inc. Case created: Soule v. General Motors Corp. Case created: Camacho v. Honda Motor Co. Case created: Linegar v. Armour of America, Inc. Case Aalmuhammed v. Lee collaged to Aalmuhammed v. Lee, 202 F.3d 1227 (9th Cir. 1999) Case Muller v. Pondir collaged to 12.2.1.1 Muller v. Pondir Case created: Hood v. Ryobi America Corp. Case created: Banks v. ICI Americas, Inc. Case created: McDougald v. Garber Case created: Seffert v. Los Angeles Transit Lines Case Community For Creative Non-Violence et el. v. Reid collaged to Community for Creative Non-Violence v. Reid, 490 U.S. 730 (1989) Case created: Greyhound Lines, Inc. v. Sutton Case In re Dodge-Freedman Poultry Co. collaged to 12.2.3.1 In re Dodge-Freedman Poultry Co. Case created: United States v. Angelos Case Avtec Systems, Inc. v. Peiffer, collaged to Avtec Systems, Inc. v. Peiffer, 21 F.3d 568 (4th Cir. 1994) Case created: Wallace v. Rosen Case Daniels v. Newton collaged to 10.5.2.1 Daniels v. Newton Case created: Shen v. Leo A. Daly Co. Case created: Coblyn v. Kennedy's Inc. Case created: Stevens v. Veenstra Case created: Ira S. Bushey & Sons, Inc. v. United States Case created: Konradi v. United States Case Phelps v. Herro collaged to 10.5.4.1 Phelps v. Herro Case created: Forster v. Red Top Sedan Service Case created: Reina v. Metropolitan Dade County Case created: Miami Herald Publishing Co. v. Kendall Case Vrooman v. Turner collaged to 11.2.2.1 Vrooman v. Turner Case created: Murrell v. Goertz Case created: Smalich v. Westfall Case Estate of Martin Luther King, Jr. v. CBS, Inc. collaged to 2.3.1 Estate of Martin Luther King, Jr. v. CBS, Inc. Case New York Times Co. v. Tasini collaged to New York Times Co. v. Tasini Case Golan v. Holder collaged to Golan v. Holder Case Three Boys Music Corp. v. Michael Bolton collaged to Three Boys Music Corp. v. Michael Bolton, 212 F.3d 477 (9th Cir. 2000) Case Newton v. Diamond collaged to 3.1.4 Newton v. Diamond Case Bridgeport Music, Inc. v. Dimension Films LLC collaged to 3.1.5 Bridgeport Music, Inc. v. Dimension Films LLC Case Boisson v. Banian, Ltd. collaged to Boisson v. Banian, Ltd. Case Swirsky v. Carey collaged to Swirsky v. Carey, 376 F.3d 841 (9th Cir. 2004) Case Mannion v. Coors Brewing Co. collaged to Mannion v. Coors Brewing Co., 377 F.Supp. 2d 444 (S.D.N.Y. 2005) Case Lucas v. Hamm collaged to 11.3.3.1 Lucas v. Hamm Case created: Baptist Memorial Hospital System v. Sampson Case Isbrandtsen Co. v. Local 1291, of International Longshoremen's Assn. collaged to 11.3.4.1 Isbrandtsen Co. v. Local 1291, of International Longshoremen's Assn. Case created: Oliver v. Stimson Lumber Co. Case created: Hubbard-Hall Chemical Co. v. Silverman Case Holbrook v. Pitt collaged to 11.4.4.1 Holbrook v. Pitt Case created: Reynolds v. Hicks Case Ford v. Mutual Life Insurance Co. of New York collaged to 11.5.2.1 Ford v. Mutual Life Insurance Co. of New York Case created: Conboy v. Mogeloff Case created: Kline v. 1500 Massachusetts Avenue Apartment Corp. Case created: Barmore v. Elmore Case created: Jacobsma v. Goldberg's Fashion Forum Case created: Hegel v. Lansam Case created: Brosnahan v. Western Air Lines Case created: Cuppy v. Bunch Case created: Sorichetti v. City of New York Case created: Cuffy v. City of New York Case created: Muthukumarana v. Montgomery County Case created: U.S. v. Varig Airlines Case created: Cestonaro v. United States Case created: Hoyem v. Manhattan Beach City School District Case created: Johnson v. Jamaica Hospital Case created: Kansas State Bank and Trust Co. v. Specialized Transport. Services Inc. Case created: Scott v. County of Los Angeles Case created: Henry v. Houston Lighting and Power Co. Case created: Hickey v. Zezulka Case created: Ashmore v. Cleanweld Products, Inc. Case created: Hector v. Cedars-Sinai Medical Center Case created: Trimarco v. Klein Case Shiro v. Drew collaged to 12.2.2.1 Shiro v. Drew Case created: T.J. Hooper v. Northern Barge Corp. Case created: Andre v. Pomeroy Case Lewis v. Benedict Coal Corp. collaged to 11.5.6.1 Lewis v. Benedict Coal Corp. Case created: Steinberg v. Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. Case Rockmore v. Lehman collaged to 12.3.1.1 Rockmore v. Lehman Case created: Rockmore v. Lehman Case Rockmore v. Lehman collaged to 12.3.1.1.2 Rockmore v. Lehman Case Sillman v. Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corp. collaged to 12.2.4.1 Sillman v. Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corp. Case In re City of New York v. Bedford Bar & Grill, Inc. collaged to 12.3.2.1 In re City of New York v. Bedford Bar & Grill, Inc. Case Speelman v. Pascal collaged to 12.3.3.1 Speelman v. Pascal Case British Waggon Co. v. Lea & Co. collaged to 12.4.3.1 British Waggon Co. v. Lea & Co. Case Babson v. Village of Ulysses collaged to 12.5.6.1 Babson v. Village of Ulysses Case State Factors Corp. v. Sales Factors Corp. collaged to 12.6.1.3.1 State Factors Corp. v. Sales Factors Corp. Case created: Lindsay v. The Wrecked and Abandoned Vessel R.M.S. Titanic Case created: Emery v. Federated Foods, Inc. Case created: Steinberg v. Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. Case Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Inc. v. American Honda Motor Co. collaged to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Inc. v. American Honda Motor Co., 900 F.Supp. 1287 (C.D.Cal. 1995) Case The Heron II (Kaufos v. C. Czarnikow, Ltd.) collaged to 10.3.12.1 The Heron II (Kaufos v. C. Czarnikow, Ltd.) Case created: J.S. and M.S. v. R.T.H. Case Micro Star v. FormGen Inc. collaged to Micro Star v. FormGen Inc., 154 F.3d 1107 (9th Cir. 1998) Case Martin v. City of Indianapolis collaged to Martin v. City of Indianapolis, 192 F.3d 608 (7th Cir. 1999) Case created: Dearle v. Hall Case Dastar Corporation v. Twentieth Century Fox Film Corp. collaged to Dastar Corporation v. Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation, 539 U.S. 23 (2003) Case created: Eldred v. Ashcroft Case Dearle v. Hall collaged to 12.6.1.2.1 Dearle v. Hall Case Air Products & Chem., Inc. v. Fairbanks Morse, Inc. collaged to 3.6.1.3.1 Air Products & Chem., Inc. v. Fairbanks Morse, Inc. Case created: Tisi v. Patrick Case created: Repp v. Lloyd Webber Case Woodburn v. Northwestern Bell Telephone Co. collaged to 3.6.2.2.1 Woodburn v. Northwestern Bell Telephone Co. Case created: Repp v. Lloyd Webber Case Hotaling v. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints collaged to Hotaling v. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, 118 F.3d 199 (4th Cir. 1997) Case Underwood Typewriter Co. v. Century Realty Co. collaged to 3.7.5.1 Underwood Typewriter Co. v. Century Realty Co. Case created: Newton v. Diamond Case Steinberg v. Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. collaged to Steinberg v. Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc., 663 F.Supp. 706 (S.D.N.Y. 1987) Case created: Newton v. Diamond Case Jordan v. Dobbins collaged to 3.8.3.1 Jordan v. Dobbins Case Quality King Distributors, Inc. v. L'anza Research International, Inc. collaged to 3.4.3. Quality King Distributors, Inc. v. L'anza Research International, Inc., 523 U.S. 135 (1998) Case created: Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc. Case created: Bourne v. Twentieth Century Fox Case created: Bright Tunes Music Corp. v. Harrisongs Music, Ltd. Case Loranger Construction Corp. v. E. F. Hauserman Co. collaged to 3.8.6.1 Loranger Construction Corp. v. E. F. Hauserman Co. Case Southern California Acoustics Co. v. C. V. Holder, Inc. collaged to 3.8.7.1 Southern California Acoustics Co. v. C. V. Holder, Inc. Case created: Jorgensen v. Epic/Sony Records Case created: Columbia Pictures Indus. v. Redd Horne, Inc., Columbia Pictures Indus. v. Redd Horne, Inc. Case Elsinore Union Elementary School Dist. of Riverside County v. Kastorff collaged to 3.8.8.1 Elsinore Union Elementary School Dist. of Riverside County v. Kastorff Case created: Bridgeport Music, Inc. v. Dimension Films Case United States v. Jewell collaged to United States v. Jewell copy Case created: Saregama India Ltd. v. Mosley Case created: Capitol Records, Inc. v. Naxos of America, Inc. Case created: Recording Industry Ass'n v. Lib. of Congress Case Vernor v. Autodesk collaged to Vernor v. Autodesk, 2010 U.S.App. Lexis 18957 (Sept. 10, 2010) Case created: US v. ASCAP (In re RealNetworks, Inc., Yahoo! Inc.) Case created: FBT Productions, LLC v. Aftermath Records Case Lusk-Harbison-Jones, Inc. v. Universal Credit Co. collaged to 3.7.3.1 Lusk-Harbison-Jones, Inc. v. Universal Credit Co. Case Caldwell v. Cline collaged to 3.9.9.1 Caldwell v. Cline Case created: Arista Records LLC v. Lime Group LLC Case Palo Alto Town & Country Village, Inc. v. BBTC Company collaged to 3.9.5.1 Palo Alto Town & Country Village, Inc. v. BBTC Company Case created: Viacom Intern., Inc. v. YouTube, Inc. Case Hay v. Fortier collaged to 3.10.5.1 Hay v. Fortier Case created: Lenz v. Universal Music Corp. Case Bishop v. Eaton collaged to 3.10.8.1 Bishop v. Eaton Case created: Sony BMG Music Entertainment, et al. v. Joel Tenenbaum Case created: Elektra Entertainment Group, Inc. v. Barker Case created: Capitol Records, Inc. v. Thomas Case Durham v. State collaged to Durham v. State Case Los Angeles Traction Co. v. Wilshire collaged to 3.10.10.1 Los Angeles Traction Co. v. Wilshire Case created: London-Sire Records, Inc. v. Doe 1 et al. Case created: Intercollegiate Broadcast System v. Copyright Royalty Board Case created: UMG Recordings, Inc. v. MP3.Com, Inc. Case created: Cartoon Network LP, LLLP v. CSC Holdings, Inc. Case Krell v. Codman collaged to 5.2.3.1 Krell v. Codman Case created: Blizzard Entertainment, Inc. v. Jung Case Textile Secrets International v. Ya-Ya Brand, Inc. collaged to 4.2.1. Textile Secrets International v. Ya-Ya Brand, Inc., 524 F.Supp.2d 1184 (C.D.Cal. 2007) Case created: EMI Records Ltd. v. Premise Media Corp. Case created: Jean v. Bug Music Case Crabtree v. Elizabeth Arden Sales Corp. collaged to 6.3.1.1 Crabtree v. Elizabeth Arden Sales Corp. Case Hughes v. Payne collaged to 6.3.2.1 Hughes v. Payne Case Harry Rubin & Sons, Inc. v. Consolidated Pipe Co. of America, Inc. collaged to 6.3.6.1 Harry Rubin & Sons, Inc. v. Consolidated Pipe Co. of America, Inc. Case Martinez v. Socoma Companies, Inc. collaged to 11.4.3.1 Martinez v. Socoma Companies, Inc. Case Baumgartner v. Meek collaged to 3.10.14.1 Baumgartner v. Meek Case Crook v. Cowan collaged to 3.10.7.1 Crook v. Cowan Case Wheat v. Morse collaged to 5.1.9.1 Wheat v. Morse Case Warren v. Lynch collaged to 5.2.2.1 Warren v. Lynch Case Columbia Pictures Indus. v. Redd Horne, Inc., Columbia Pictures Indus. v. Redd Horne, Inc. collaged to Columbia Pictures Indus. v. Redd Horne, Inc., 749 F.2d 154 (3d Cir. 1984) Case created: Roberts v. Ramsbottom Case created: Bryne v. Boadle Case created: Davies v. Mann Case created: Vaughan v. Menlove Case created: Murphy v. Steeplechase Case created: Braun v. Buffalo Case created: Darby v. The National Trust Case created: O'Brien v. Cunard Case Sony Computer Entertainment, Inc. v. Connectix Corp. collaged to Sony Computer Entertainment, Inc. v. Connectix Corp., 203 F.3d 596 (9th Cir. 2000) Case Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc. collaged to Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc., 510 U.S. 569 (1994) Case created: Adams v. Bullock Case Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Inc. v. Grokster collaged to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Inc. v. Grokster, 545 U.S. 913 (2005) Case created: Platz v. The City Of Cohoes Case created: Brown v. Shyne Case Gaylord v. United States collaged to Gaylord v. United States, 595 F.3d 1364 (Fed. Cir. 2010) Case created: Hart v. Geysel Case created: Moch Co. v. Rensselaer Water Co. Case Castle Rock Entertainment, Inc. v. Carol Pub. Group, Inc. collaged to Castle Rock Entertainment v. Carol Publishing Group, Inc., 150 F.3d 132 (2d Cir. 1998) Case Universal City Studios, Inc. v. Corley collaged to Universal City Studios, Inc. v. Corley, 273 F.3d 429 (2d Cir. 2001) Case created: Ryan v. Progressive Grocery Stores, Inc. Case created: Martin v. Herzog Case Blizzard Entertainment, Inc. v. Jung collaged to Blizzard Entertainment, Inc. v. Jung, 422 F.3d 630 (8th Cir. 2005) Case created: Courvoisier v. Raymond Case created: Union Pacific Railway v. Cappier Case Frank Music Corp. v. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Inc. collaged to Frank Music Corp. v. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Inc., 886 F.2d 1545 (9th Cir. 1989) Case Sony BMG Music Entertainment v. Tenenbaum collaged to Sony BMG Music Entertainment v. Tenenbaum, 660 F.3d 487 (1st Cir. 2011) Case created: Wagner v. International Railway Co. Case created: Stubbs v. City of Rochester Case Fantasy, Inc. v. Fogerty collaged to Fantasy, Inc. v. Fogerty, 94 F.3d 553 (9th Cir. 1996) Case United States v. Moran collaged to United States v. Moran, 757 F.Supp. 1046 (D.Neb. 1991) Case created: Sullivan v. Dunham Case created: MacPherson v. Buick Motor Co. Case created: Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co. Case Continental Forest Products, Inc. v. Chandler Supply Co. collaged to 2.0.6.1 Continental Forest Products, Inc. v. Chandler Supply Co. Case Salinger v. Colting collaged to Salinger v. Colting, 607 F.3d 68 (2d Cir. 2010) Case Noble v. Williams collaged to 2.0.8.1 Noble v. Williams Case Davis & Co v. Morgan collaged to 2.0.9.1 Davis & Co v. Morgan Case Schwartzreich v. Bauman-Basch collaged to 2.0.10.1 Schwartzreich v. Bauman-Basch Case Sherwood v. Walker collaged to 2.0.12.1 Sherwood v. Walker Case Swinton v. Whitinsville Savings Bank collaged to 2.0.14.1 Swinton v. Whitinsville Savings Bank Case School Trustees of Trenton v. Bennett collaged to 2.0.17.1 School Trustees of Trenton v. Bennett Case Balfour v. Balfour collaged to 3.1.5.1 Balfour v. Balfour Case Davis v. General Mills Food Corp. collaged to 3.1.6.1 Davis v. General Mills Food Corp. Case Armstrong v. M'Ghee collaged to 3.1.8.1 Armstrong v. M'Ghee Case Anderson v. Backlund collaged to 3.1.9.1 Anderson v. Backlund Case Sullivan v. O'Connor collaged to 3.1.10.1 Sullivan v. O'Connor Case Shaheen v. Knight collaged to 3.1.11.1 Shaheen v. Knight Case Young and Ashburnham's Case collaged to 3.2.2.1 Young and Ashburnham's Case Case Barnet's Estate collaged to 3.2.4.1 In re Barnet's Estate Case The Mabley & Carew Co. v. Borden collaged to 3.1.7.1 The Mabley & Carew Co. v. Borden Case Shaw v. Shaw collaged to 3.2.6.1 Shaw v. Shaw Case Ricketts v. Scothorn collaged to 3.13.9.1 Ricketts v. Scothorn Case Gillingham v. Brown collaged to 3.14.2.1 Gillingham v. Brown Case created: Amazon.com v. BarnesandNoble.com Case Eastwood v. Kenyon collaged to 3.14.4.1 Eastwood v. Kenyon Case Lawrence v. Oglesby collaged to 3.14.13.1 Lawrence v. Oglesby Case created: Barnes v. Yahoo!, Inc. Case created: Bergeron v. Ridgewood Securities Corp. Case United States v. Bethlehem Steel Corp. collaged to 4.1.8.1 United States v. Bethlehem Steel Corp. Case created: Borders Online, LLC v. State Bd. Of Equalization Case Blanch v. Koons collaged to Blanch v. Koons, 467 F.3d 244 (2d Cir. 2006) Case Petterson v. Pattberg collaged to 4.5.16.1 Petterson v. Pattberg Case created: Boring v. Google, Inc. Case created: Calder v. Jones Case created: Capital Records, Inc. v. Thomas-Rasset Case created: C.B.C. Distribution and Marketing, Inc. v. Major League Baseball Advanced Media L.P. Case created: Comcast Corp. v. Federal Communications Commission Case created: Corbis Corp. v. Amazon Case created: Davidson & Assoc, Inc. & Blizzard Enter. V. Internet Gateway, BNETD Case Alcorn v. Mitchell collaged to I. Alcorn v. Mitchell Case Eldred v. Ashcroft collaged to Eldred v. Ashcroft Case created: Doe v. MySpace, Inc. Case created: DVD Copy Control Ass'n v. Bunner Case Hewitt v. Hewitt collaged to 3.2.7.1 Hewitt v. Hewitt Case created: Oldfield v. Pueblo de Bahia Lora Case created: Quill Corp. v. North Dakota Case created: eBay v. Digital Point Solutions, Inc. Case Perfect 10 v. Amazon.com collaged to Perfect 10 v. Amazon.com. [Parts I, II, III.A., and III.B.] Case created: The Facebook, Inc. v. ConnectU Case created: Reading International Inc. v. Oaktree Capital Management Case created: Federal Trade Commission v. Neovi Inc. Case Perfect 10 v. Amazon.com collaged to Perfect 10 v. Amazon.com. [Part III.C.] Case Aalmuhammed v. Lee collaged to Aalmuhammed v. Lee Case created: Feldman v. Google, Inc. Case Aalmuhammed v. Lee collaged to Aalmuhammed v. Lee copy Case Aalmuhammed v. Lee collaged to Aalmuhammed v. Lee Case created: Geoffrey, Inc. v. Commissioner Case created: Rockland Trust Co. v. Computer Assoc. Case created: State v. Kirby Case created: Google v. Microsoft Case Perfect 10 v. Amazon.com collaged to Perfect 10 v. Amazon.com. [Part IV] Case created: Research in Motion Ltd., v. Georges Elias Case created: Hays Specialist Recruitment (Holdings) Ltd. V. Ions Case created: Steinbach v. Village of Forest Park Case created: Hyperphrase Technologies v. Google Case created: Corbis Corp. v. Starr Case created: Stengart v. Loving Care Agency Case Viacom Intern., Inc. v. YouTube, Inc. collaged to Viacom v. YouTube, 676 F.3d 19 (CA2 2012) Case created: Tamburo v. Dworkin Case created: Núñez, v. Caribbean International News Corp. (El Vocero De Puerto Rico) Case created: Tellabs, Inc. v. Makor Issues and Rights, Ltd. Case Núñez, v. Caribbean International News Corp. (El Vocero De Puerto Rico) collaged to Nunez v. Caribbean International News Corp., 235 F.3d 18 (1st Cir. 2000) Case Eldred v. Ashcroft collaged to Eldred v. Ashcroft, 537 U.S.1 86 (2003) (Majority Opinion & Dissent by Justice Breyer) Case created: IBMCorp. v. Papermaster Case created: Thomas Weisel Partners, LLC v. BNP Paribas and Praveen Chakravarty Case created: Iconix, Inc. v. Tokuda Case created: In re Apple AT&TM Antitrust Litigation Case created: In re Bilski Case created: Tiffany, Inc. v. eBay, Inc. Case created: United States v. Reyes Case created: Viad Corp. v. Houghton Case created: United States v. Wecht Case created: In re Pirate Bay Case created: Jacobsen v. Katzer and Kamind Assoc. Case created: Intel v. Hamidi Case created: Jaynes v. Commonwealth of Virginia Case created: JustMed, Inc. v. Byce Case created: University of Pittsburgh v. Townsend Case Lindsay v. The Wrecked and Abandoned Vessel R.M.S. Titanic collaged to Lindsay v. The Wrecked and Abandoned Vessel R.M.S. Titanic, 52 U.S.P.Q.2d 1609 (S.D.N.Y. 1999) Case Baker v. Selden collaged to Baker v. Selden, 101 U.S. 99 (1879) Case NICHOLS v. UNIVERSAL collaged to Nichols v. Universal Pictures Corp., 45 F.2d 119 (2d Cir. 1930) Case Harper & Row, Publishers v. Nation Enterprises collaged to Harper & Row, Publishers v. Nation Enterprises, 471 U.S. 539 (1985) Case Stewart v. Abend collaged to Stewart v. Abend, 495 U.S. 207 (1990) Case Picard v. Barry Pontiac-Buick, Inc. collaged to I. Picard v. Barry Pontiac-Buick, Inc. Case Garratt v. Dailey collaged to I. Garratt v. Dailey Case Sony Corporation of America v. Universal City Studios, Inc. collaged to Sony Corporation of America v. Universal City Studios, Inc., 464 U.S. 417 (1984) Case Leichtman v. WLW Jacor Communications, Inc. collaged to II. Leichtman v. WLW Jacor Communications, Inc. Case Lopez v. Winchell's Donut House collaged to III. Lopez v. Winchell's Donut House Case Parvi v. City of Kingston collaged to III. Parvi v. City of Kingston Case Peterson v. Sorlien collaged to III. Peterson v. Sorlien Case Eilers v. Coy collaged to III. Eilers v. Coy Case Bright v. Ailshie collaged to III. Bright v. Ailshie Case Hart v. Geysel collaged to IV. Hart v. Geysel Case Hackbart v. Cincinnati Bengals, Inc. collaged to IV. Hackbart v. Cincinnati Bengals Case Courvoisier v. Raymond collaged to IV. Courvoisier v. Raymond Case Ploof v. Putnam collaged to IV. Ploof v. Putnam Case Glidden v. Szybiak collaged to V. Glidden v. Szybiak Case Katko v. Briney collaged to V. Katko v. Briney Case CompuServe v. Cyber Promotions collaged to V. CompuServe Inc. v. Cyber Promotions, Inc. Case Intel Corp. v. Hamidi collaged to V. Intel Corp. v. Hamidi (Court of Appeal) Case Chicago v. Krayenbuhl collaged to VI. Chicago, B. & Q. R. Co. v. Krayenbuhl Case created: Mattel Inc. v. MGA Entertainment, Inc. Case created: Montgomery v. eTreppid Technologies, LLC. Case created: Onex Communications Corp. v. Commissioner of Revenue Case created: William Cunningham and Cunningham Electrical Corp. v. Posnet Services LLC Case Adams v. Bullock collaged to VI. Adams v. Bullock Case Pokora v. Wabash RY. Co. collaged to VI. Pokora v. Wabash Railway Co. Case Andrews v. United Airlines, Inc. collaged to VI. Andrews v. United Airlines, Inc. Case Ellis v. D'Angelo collaged to VII. Ellis v. D'Angelo Case McCarty v. Pheasant Run, Inc. collaged to VII. McCarty v. Pheasant Run, Inc. Case created: X v. European Central Bank Case Miller v. Reilly collaged to VII. Miller v. Reilly Case Miller v. Reiman-Wuerth Company collaged to VIII. Miller v. Reiman-Wuerth Company Case Christensen v. Swenson collaged to VIII. Christensen v. Swenson Case Bussard v. Minimed, Inc. collaged to VIII. Bussard v. Minimed, Inc. Case created: Yahoo! Inc. v. Ligue Internationale Contre Le Racisme et L'Antisemitisme Case Kuehn v. Inter-city Freight collaged to VIII. Kuehn v. Inter-city Freight Case Davies v. Mann collaged to XVIII. Davies v. Mann Case Derheim v. N. Fiorito, Inc. collaged to XVIII. Derheim v. N. Fiorito Co. Case Bryne v. Boadle collaged to IX. Bryne v. Boadle Case Fritts v. McKinne collaged to XVIII. Fritts v. McKinne Case Barker v. Kallash collaged to XVIII. Barker v. Kallash Case Hammontree v. Jenner collaged to XIX. Hammontree v. Jenner Case Crosby v. Cox Aircraft Co. collaged to XIX. Crosby v. Cox Aircraft Co. Case Franken v. City of Sioux Center collaged to XIX. Franken v. City of Sioux Center Case Larson v. St. Francis Hotel collaged to IX. Larson v. St. Francis Hotel Case MacPherson v. Buick Motor Co. collaged to XX. MacPherson v. Buick Motor Co. Case Connolly v. Nicollet Hotel collaged to IX. Connolly v. Nicollet Hotel Case Fireman's Fund American Insurance Cos. v. Knobbe collaged to IX. Fireman's Fund American Insurance Cos. v. Knobbe Case Perfect 10 v. Amazon.com collaged to Perfect 10 v. Amazon.com. 508 F.3d 1146 (CA9 2007) Case Martin v. Herzog collaged to X. Martin v. Herzog Case Platz v. The City Of Cohoes collaged to X. Platz v. The City Of Cohoes Case Brown v. Shyne collaged to X. Brown v. Shyne Case Moch Co. v. Rensselaer Water Co. collaged to XI. Moch Co. v. Rensselaer Water Co. Case Harper v. Herman collaged to XI. Harper v. Herman Case Farwell v. Keaton collaged to XI. Farwell v. Keaton Case Menu v. Minor collaged to XI. Menu v. Minor Case Randi W. v. Muroc Joint Unified School District collaged to XI. Randi W. v. Muroc Joint Unified School District Case Broadbent v. Broadbent collaged to XII. Broadbent v. Broadbent Case Hawkins v. Pizarro collaged to XII. Hawkins v. Pizarro Case Boyd v. Racine Currency Exchange collaged to XII. Boyd v. Racine Currency Exchange Case Charles v. Seigfried collaged to XII. Charles v. Seigfried Case Garcia v. Superior Court of Santa Clara County collaged to XIII. Garcia v. Superior Court of Santa Clara County Case Kelly v. Gwinnell collaged to XII. Kelly v. Gwinnell Case created: Snow v. Eaton Centre Ltd Case Falzone v. Busch collaged to XIV. Falzone v. Busch Case Portee v. Jaffee collaged to XIV. Portee v. Jaffee Case Pizarro v. 421 Port Associates collaged to XIV. Pizarro v. 421 Port Associates Case Gammon v. Osteopathic Hospital of Maine, Inc. collaged to XIV. Gammon v. Osteopathic Hospital of Maine, Inc. Case People Express Airlines, Inc. v. Consolidated Rail Corp. collaged to XIV. People Express Airlines, Inc. v. Consolidated Rail Corp. Case Koch v. Consolidated Edison Co. collaged to XIV. Koch v. Consolidated Edison Co. Case Howard v. Wal-mart Stores, Inc. collaged to XV. Howard v. Wal-mart Stores, Inc. Case Garcia v. Joseph Vince Co. collaged to XV. Garcia v. Joseph Vince Co. Case Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co. collaged to XVI. Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co. Case Gibson v. Garcia collaged to XVI. Gibson v. Garcia Case Knight v. Jewett collaged to XVII. Knight v. Jewett Case MacPherson v. Buick Motor Co. collaged to XX. MacPherson v. Buick Motor Co. Case Escola v. Coca Cola Bottling Company of Fresno collaged to XX. Escola v. Coca Cola Bottling Company of Fresno Case Keen v. Dominick's Finer Foods, Inc. collaged to XX. Keen v. Dominick's Finer Foods, Inc. Case Emery v. Federated Foods, Inc. collaged to XX. Emery v. Federated Foods, Inc. Case Camacho v. Honda Motor Co. collaged to XXI. Camacho v. Honda Motor Co. Case Linegar v. Armour of America, Inc. collaged to XXI. Linegar v. Armour of America Case Hood v. Ryobi America Corp. collaged to XXI. Hood v. Ryobi America Corp. Case Banks v. ICI Americas, Inc. collaged to XXI. Banks v. ICI Americas, Inc. Case McDougald v. Garber collaged to XXII. McDougald v. Garber Case Greyhound Lines, Inc. v. Sutton collaged to XXII. Greyhound Lines, Inc. v. Sutton Case Coblyn v. Kennedy's Inc. collaged to III. Coblyn v. Kennedy's Inc. Case Ira S. Bushey & Sons, Inc. v. United States collaged to VIII. Ira S. Bushey & Sons, Inc. v. United States Case Konradi v. United States collaged to VIII. Konradi v. United States Case Forster v. Red Top Sedan Service collaged to VIII. Forster v. Red Top Sedan Service Case Reina v. Metropolitan Dade County collaged to VIII. Reina v. Metropolitan Dade County Case Miami Herald Publishing Co. v. Kendall collaged to VIII. Miami Herald Publishing Co. v. Kendall Case Murrell v. Goertz collaged to VIII. Murrell v. Goertz Case Baptist Memorial Hospital System v. Sampson collaged to VIII. Baptist Memorial Hospital System v. Sampson Case Oliver v. Stimson Lumber Co. collaged to IX. Oliver v. Stimson Lumber Co. Case Hubbard-Hall Chemical Co. v. Silverman collaged to X. Hubbard-Hall Chemical Co. v. Silverman Case Conboy v. Mogeloff collaged to XII. Conboy v. Mogeloff Case Kline v. 1500 Massachusetts Avenue Apartment Corp. collaged to XII. Kline v. 1500 Massachusetts Avenue Apartment Corp. Case Jacobsma v. Goldberg's Fashion Forum collaged to XII. Jacobsma v. Goldberg's Fashion Forum Case Hegel v. Lansam collaged to XII. Hegel v. Langsam Case J.S. and M.S. v. R.T.H. collaged to XII. J.S. and M.S. v. R.T.H. Case Brosnahan v. Western Air Lines collaged to XII. Brosnahan v. Western Air Lines Case Cuppy v. Bunch collaged to XII. Cuppy v. Bunch Case Cestonaro v. United States collaged to XIII. Cestonaro v. United States Case Hoyem v. Manhattan Beach City School District collaged to XIII. Hoyem v. Manhattan Beach City School District Case Kansas State Bank and Trust Co. v. Specialized Transport. Services Inc. collaged to XV. Kansas State Bank and Trust Co. v. Specialized Transp. Services Inc. Case Henry v. Houston Lighting and Power Co. collaged to XVI. Henry v. Houston Lighting & Power Co. Case Hickey v. Zezulka collaged to XVIII. Hickey v. Zezulka Case Ashmore v. Cleanweld Products, Inc. collaged to XVIII. Ashmore v. Cleanweld Products, Inc. Case Hector v. Cedars-Sinai Medical Center collaged to XX. Hector v. Cedars-Sinai Medical Ctr. Case Christensen v. Swenson collaged to VIII. Christensen v. Swenson Case Ravo v. Rogatnick collaged to XV. Ravo v. Rogatnick Case Murphy v. Steeplechase collaged to XVII. Murphy v. Steeplechase Case Cohen v. McIntyre collaged to XVII. Cohen v. McIntyre Case Lowe v. California League of Professional Baseball collaged to XVII. Lowe v. California League of Professional Baseball Case O'Brien v. Cunard collaged to II. O'Brien v. Cunard Case Roessler v. Novak collaged to VIII. Roessler v. Novak Case Sage Club v. Hunt collaged to VIII. Sage Club v. Hunt Case Barbara A. v. John G. collaged to IV. Barbara A. v. John G. Case Akins v. Glens Falls City School District collaged to VI. Akins v. Glens Falls City School District Case Bashi v. Wodraz collaged to VII. Bashi v. Wodraz Case Roberts v. Ramsbottom collaged to VII. Roberts v. Ramsbottom Case Rushink v. Gerstheimer collaged to X. Rushink v. Gerstheimer Case Robinson v. District of Columbia collaged to X. Robinson v. District of Columbia Case Tedla v. Ellman collaged to X. Tedla v. Ellman Case Tarasoff v. Regents of University of California collaged to XII. Tarasoff v. Regents of University of California Case Einhorn v. Seeley collaged to XII. Einhorn v. Seeley Case Riss v. City of New York collaged to XIII. Riss v. City of New York Case Schuster v. City of New York collaged to XIII. Schuster v. City of New York Case Wishnatsky v. Huey collaged to II. Wishnatsky v. Huey Case Topps v. Ferraro collaged to VI. Topps v. Ferraro Case Goss v. Allen collaged to VII. Goss v. Allen Case Shuck v. Means collaged to VIII. Shuck v. Means Case Roman v. Carroll collaged to XIV. Roman v. Carroll Case Strauss v. Belle Realty Co. collaged to XIV. Strauss v. Belle Realty Co. Case Stubbs v. City of Rochester collaged to XV. Stubbs v. City of Rochester Case Anderson v. Minneapolis, St. P. & S. St. M. R.R. Co. collaged to XV. Anderson v. Minneapolis, St. P. & S. St. M. R.R. Co. Case Benn v. Thomas collaged to XV. Benn v. Thomas Case Brown v. Wal-Mart collaged to XV. Brown v. Wal-Mart Case Summers v. Tice collaged to XV. Summers v. Tice Case Steinhauser v. Hertz Corp. collaged to XVI. Steinhauser v. Hertz Corp. Case Shorter v. Drury collaged to XVII. Shorter v. Drury Case Sullivan v. Dunham collaged to XIX. Sullivan v. Dunham Case Torchia v. Fisher collaged to XIX. Torchia v. Fisher Case Ryan v. Progressive Grocery Stores, Inc. collaged to XX. Ryan v. Progressive Grocery Stores, Inc. Case Rix v. General Motors Corp. collaged to XX. Rix v. General Motors Corp. Case Eldred v. Ashcroft collaged to Eldred v. Ashcroft Case Eldred v. Ashcroft collaged to Eldred v. Ashcroft Case Eldred v. Ashcroft collaged to Eldred v. Ashcroft, 537 U.S. 186 (2003) (Excerpts) Case Vosburg v. Putney collaged to I. Vosburg v. Putney Case Werth v. Taylor collaged to II. Werth v. Taylor Case Wagner v. International Railway Co. collaged to XVI. Wagner v. International Railway Co. Case Lawrence v. Texas collaged to Lawrence v. Texas copy Case Commonwealth v. Mochan collaged to Commonwealth v. Mochan copy Case Tisi v. Patrick collaged to Tisi v. Patrick Case Eldred v. Ashcroft collaged to Eldred v. Ashcroft copy Case United States v. Carroll Towing Co. collaged to VI. United States v. Carroll Towing Co. Case Tisi v. Patrick collaged to Tisi v. Patrick, 97 F.Supp.2d 539 (S.D.N.Y. 2000) (Excerpts) Case Eldred v. Ashcroft collaged to Eldred v. Ashcroft, 537 U.S. 186 (2003) Case Womack v. Eldridge collaged to II. Womack v. Eldridge Case created: Greene v. Sibley Case Repp v. Lloyd Webber collaged to Repp v. Lloyd Webber, 858 F. Supp. 1292 (S.D.N.Y. 1994) Case Repp v. Lloyd Webber collaged to Repp v. Lloyd Webber, 132 F.3d 882 (2nd Cir. 1997) Case Vincent v. Lake Erie Transp. Co. collaged to IV. Vincent v. Lake Erie Transp. Co. Case Greene v. Sibley collaged to VI. Greene v. Sibley Case Vaughan v. Menlove collaged to VII. Vaughan v. Menlove Case Wood v. Groh collaged to VII. Wood v. Groh Case Ybarra v. Spangard collaged to IX. Ybarra v. Spangard Case Weiner v. Metro. Transit Authority collaged to XIII. Weiner v. Metro. Transit Authority Case Florence v. Goldberg collaged to XIII. Florence v. Goldberg Case Union Pacific Railway v. Cappier collaged to XI. Union Pacific Railway v. Cappier Case Soule v. General Motors Corp. collaged to XXI. Soule v. General Motors Corp. Case Seffert v. Los Angeles Transit Lines collaged to XXII. Seffert v. Los Angeles Transit Lines Case Veazey v. Elmwood Plantation Associates, Inc. collaged to XVIII. Veazey v. Elmwood Plantation Associates, Inc. Case Shen v. Leo A. Daly Co. collaged to III. Shen v. Leo A. Daly Co. Case Smalich v. Westfall collaged to VIII. Smalich v. Westfall Case Washington Metro. Area Transit Authority v. Johnson collaged to XVIII. Washington Metro. Area Transit Authority v. Johnson Case Scott v. County of Los Angeles collaged to XV. Scott v. County of Los Angeles Case Barnes v. Yahoo!, Inc. collaged to Barnes v. Yahoo!, Inc. Case Darby v. The National Trust collaged to XVI. Darby v. National Trust Case Trimarco v. Klein collaged to IX. Trimarco v. Klein Case T.J. Hooper v. Northern Barge Corp. collaged to IX. T.J. Hooper v. Northern Barge Corp. Case created: In re Exide Technologies Case created: VFB LLC. v. Campbell Soup Company Case United States v. Angelos collaged to United States v. Angelos Case created: United States v. Angelos Case United States v. Angelos collaged to United States v. Angelos Case Clark v. Marsiglia collaged to 10.5.8.1 Clark v. Marsiglia Case Kemble v. Farren collaged to 10.4.4.1 Kemble v. Farren Case Klar v. H. & M. Parcel Room, Inc. collaged to 10.4.6.1 Klar v. H. & M. Parcel Room, Inc. Case Gainsford v. Carroll collaged to 10.3.5.1 Gainsford v. Carroll Case Acme Mills & Elevator Co v. Johnson collaged to 10.1.1.1 Acme Mills & Elevator Co v. Johnson Case Paradine v. Jane collaged to 8.4.2.1 Paradine v. Jane Case Raffles v. Wichelhaus collaged to 8.2.5.1 Raffles v. Wichelhaus Case American Seating Co. v. Zell collaged to 7.2.9.1 American Seating Co. v. Zell Case Danann Realty Corp. v. Harris collaged to 7.2.6.1 Danann Realty Corp. v. Harris Case Webb v. McGowin (Alabama Supreme Court) collaged to 3.14.11.1 Webb v. McGowin (Alabama Supreme Court) Case Kirksey v. Kirksey collaged to 3.13.3.1 Kirksey v. Kirksey Case Viacom Intern., Inc. v. YouTube, Inc. collaged to Test -- Viacom Intern., Inc. v. YouTube, Inc. Case Viacom Intern., Inc. v. YouTube, Inc. collaged to NOTES -- Viacom v. YouTube, 676 F.3d 19 Case White v. Corlies collaged to 3.10.9.1 White v. Corlies Case created: Taft v. Hyatt Case Taft v. Hyatt collaged to 3.10.3.1 Taft v. Hyatt Case Cushing v. Thomson collaged to 3.9.2.1.2 Cushing v. Thomson - Memorandum Opinion Case Drennan v. Star Paving Co. collaged to 3.8.5.1 Drennan v. Star Paving Co. Case Dickinson v. Dodds collaged to 3.8.2.1 Dickinson v. Dodds Case Repp v. Lloyd Webber collaged to Repp v. Lloyd Webber, 132 F.3d 882 (2nd Cir. 1997) Case Feinberg v. Pfeiffer Co. collaged to 3.7.8.1 Feinberg v. Pfeiffer Co. Case Butler v. Foley collaged to 3.5.7.1 Butler v. Foley Case Austin v. Burge collaged to 3.5.4.1 Austin v. Burge Case National Union Fire Insurance Co. v. Joseph Ehrlich collaged to 3.5.3.1 National Union Fire Insurance Co. v. Joseph Ehrlich Case Sun Printing & Publishing Ass'n v. Remington Paper & Power Co. Inc. collaged to 3.4.7.1 Sun Printing & Publishing Ass'n v. Remington Paper & Power Co. Inc. Case Channel Master Corp. v. Aluminum Ltd. Sales collaged to 3.3.7.1 Channel Master Corp. v. Aluminum Ltd. Sales Case Moulton vs. Kershaw collaged to 3.3.5.1 Moulton vs. Kershaw Case Young and Ashburnham's Case collaged to 3.3.2.1 Young and Ashburnham's Case Case created: Boomer v. Atlantic Cement Co. (NY 1970) Case created: Boomer v. Atlantic Cement Co. (Sup.Ct.1972) Case created: Centex Homes Corp. v. Boag Case created: First English Evangelical Lutheran Church of Glendale v. County of Los Angeles Case Wood v. Boynton collaged to 2.0.11.1 Wood v. Boynton Case created: First English Evangelical Lutheran Church of Glendale v. County of Los Angeles (1989) Case created: Kelo v. City of New London Case created: Lindsey v. Normet Case created: City of Monterey v. Del Monte Dunes at Monterey, Ltd. Case created: Modjeska Sign Studios, Inc. v. Berle Case created: Midrash Sephardi, Inc. v. Town of Surfside Case created: McCready v. Hoffius Case created: Loretto v. Teleprompter Manhattan CATV Corp. Case created: Martin v. Reynolds Metals Co. Case created: Loretto v. Teleprompter Manhattan CATV Corp. (1983) Case created: Lucas v. South Carolina Coastal Council Case created: Mahoney v. Mahoney Case created: Lick Mill Creek Apartments v. Chicago Title Ins. Co. Case created: Lucas v. South Carolina Coastal Council Case created: Lewis v. Young Case created: Lewis v. Searles Case created: Leo Sheep Co. v. United States Case created: Lemle v. Breeden Case created: City of Ladue v. Gilleo Case created: Kutzin v. Pirnie Case created: Moore v. City of East Cleveland Case created: Klebs v. Yim Case created: Neponsit Prop. Owners’ Ass’n v. Emigrant Indus. Sav. Bank Case created: King v. Greene Case created: Nollan v. California Coastal Com'n Case created: Just v. Marinette Case created: Penn Cent. Transp. Co. v. City of New York Case created: Pennsylvania Coal Co. v. Mahon Case created: Southern Burlington County N.A.A.C.P. v. Mount Laurel Tp. Case Sommers v. Putnam Board of Education collaged to 3.2.9.1 Sommers v. Putnam Board of Education Case Michigan Central R.R. v. State collaged to 3.2.12.1 Michigan Central R.R. v. State Case created: Southern Burlington County N.A.A.C.P. v. Mount Laurel Tp. (1983) Case created: Berman v. Parker Case created: Agins v. City of Tiburon Case created: Anderson v. Gouldberg Case created: Armstrong v. United States Case created: Blackett v. Olanoff Case created: Brown v. Lober Case created: Brown v. Southall Realty Co. Case created: United States v. Causby Case created: Dolan v. City of Tigard Case created: United States v. Craft Case created: Davidow v. Inwood North Prof'l Group-Phase I Case created: Jones v. Alfred H. Mayer Co. Case created: Devins v. Borough of Bogota Case created: Fontainebleau Hotel Corp. v. Forty-Five Twenty-Five, Inc. Case created: Kaiser Aetna v. United States Case Newton v. Diamond collaged to Newton v. Diamond, 204 F.Supp.2d 1244 (C.D. Cal. 2002) Case Newton v. Diamond collaged to Newton v. Diamond, 349 F.3d 591 (9th Cir. 2003) Case Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc. collaged to Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc., 510 US 569 (1994) Case Bourne v. Twentieth Century Fox collaged to Bourne v. Twentieth Century Fox, 602 F.Supp.2d 499 (S.D.N.Y. 2009) Case Bright Tunes Music Corp. v. Harrisongs Music, Ltd. collaged to Bright Tunes Music Corp. v. Harrisongs Music, Ltd., 420 F.Supp. 177 (S.D.N.Y. 1976) Case Jorgensen v. Epic/Sony Records collaged to Jorgensen v. Epic / Sony Records, 351 F.3d 46 (2d Cir. 2003) Case Jean v. Bug Music collaged to Jean v. Bug Music, 2002 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 3176, 2002 WL 287786 (S.D.N.Y. Feb. 25, 2002) Case created: Keystone Bituminous Coal Ass'n v. DeBenedictis Case created: Lingle v. Chevron U.S.A. Inc. Case created: Friendswood Dev. Co. v. Smith-Southwest Indus., Inc. Case created: East Haven Associates Inc. v. Gurian. Case created: Moore v. Regents of the University of California Case created: Gion v. City of Santa Cruz Case created: Harms v. Sprague Case created: Daniels v. Anderson. Case created: Prah v. Maretti Case created: Harms v. Sprague Case created: Shelley v. Kraemer Case created: Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, v. Lubell Case created: Sommer v. Kridel Case created: Spur Industries, Inc. v. Del E. Webb Development Co. Case created: Drye. v. Eagle Rock Ranch, Inc. Case created: Abo Petroleum Corp. v. Amstutz Case created: Albro v. Allen Case created: Andrus v. Allard Case created: Attorney Gen. v. Desilets Case created: Austin Hill Country Realty v. Palisades Plaza Case created: Barash v. Pennsylvania Terminal Real Estate Corp. Case created: Edwards v. Sims. Case created: Belle Terre v. Boraas Case created: Berg v. Wiley Case created: Erickson v. Sinykin Case created: Hawaii Housing Authority v. Midkiff Case created: Brown v. Voss Case created: Buchanan v. Warley Case created: Cheney Bros. v. Doris Silk Corp. Case created: Hewitt v. Hewitt Case created: Diamond. v. Chakrabarty Case created: Citizens for Covenant Compliance v. Anderson Case created: Dartnell v. Bidwell Case created: Hill v. Community of Damien of Molokai Case created: Holy Properties Ltd. v. Kenneth Cole Productions, Inc. Case created: Conklin v. Davi. Case created: Columbus-America Discovery Group v. Atlantic Mutual Ins. Co. (1990) Case created: Eastwood, v. Shedd. Case created: Howard v. Kunto Case created: J.T. Hobby and Son, Inc. v. Family Homes of Wake County, Inc. Case created: Columbus-America Discovery Group v. Atlantic Mutual Ins. Co. (1994) Case created: Columbus-America Discovery Group v. Atlantic Mutual Ins. Co. (1992) Case created: Davidson Bros. Inc. v. D. Katz & Sons, Inc. (1994) Case created: Johnson v. M’Intosh Case created: Davidson Bros. Inc. v. D. Katz & Sons, Inc. (1990) Case created: Diamond Hous. Corp. v. Robinson Case created: Edwards v. Habib Case created: Ellsworth Dobbs, Inc. v. Johnson Case created: Favorite v. Miller Case created: Gruen v. Gruen Case created: Foisy v. Wyman. Case created: Hodel v. Irving Case created: Huntington Branch, NAACP v. Huntington Case created: Julian v. Christopher Case created: Fong v. Hashimoto. Case created: Kline v. Burns Case created: Gabel. V. Drewrys. Case created: Lempke v. Dagenais Case created: Lindh v. Surman Case created: Kendall v. Ernest Pestana, Inc. Case created: Marini v. Ireland Case created: Garner v. Gerrish. Case created: Lohmeyer v. Bower Case created: Giannini. v. First National Bank Of Des Plaines. Case created: Marvin v. Marvin Case created: Melms v. Pabst Brewing Co. Case created: Goldblatt v. Town Of Hempstead. Case created: Mahrenholz v. County Bd. of School Trustees of Lawrence County (1981) Case created: Miller v. Lutheran Conference & Camp Ass'n Case created: Mahrenholz v. County Bd. of School Trustees of Lawrence County (1989) Case created: Mannillo v. Gorski Case created: Marengo Cave Co. v. Ross Case created: Matthews v. Bay Head Imp. Ass'n Case created: Maxton Builders, Inc. v. Lo Galbo Case created: Messersmith v. Smith Case created: Metropolitan Housing Dev. Corp. v. Village of Arlington Heights Case created: Midler v. Ford Motor Co. Case created: Peterson v. Superior Court Case created: Gottdiener. v. Mailhot. Case created: Nahrstedt v. Lakeside Vill. Condo. Ass’n Case created: PruneYard Shopping Center v. Robins Case created: Noone v. Price Case created: O’Keeffe v. Snyder Case created: P.H. Inv. v. Oliver Case created: PA Northwestern Distributors v. Zoning Hearing Board of the Twp. of Moon Case created: Griggs v. Allegheny County. Case created: Pennell v. City of San Jose Case created: Guillette v. Daly Dry Wall, Inc. Case Durham v. State collaged to Dustin's version of the first case in the class Case created: Poletown Neighborhood Council v. City of Detroit Case created: Reed v. King Case created: Sanborn v. McLean Case created: Ghen. v. Rich. Case created: Reste Realty Corp. v. Cooper Case created: Hannan v. Dusch. Case created: Riley v. Bear Creek Planning Comm. Case created: Henry v. Dalton. Case created: Scherer v. Hyland Case created: Robinson v. Diamond Housing Corp. Case created: Sabo v. Horvath Case created: Sher v. Leiderman Case created: Hickey v. Green. Case created: Schad v. Borough of Mount Ephraim Case created: Skelly Oil Co. v. Ashmore Case created: Seligman v. First Nat. Investments, Inc. Case created: Stevens v. City of Cannon Beach Case created: Stambovsky v. Ackley Case created: Strawn v. Canuso Case created: Hilder v. St. Peter Case created: Hills Development Co. v. Bernards Township . Case created: Hoover. v. Smith. Case created: Swanner v. Anchorage Equal Rights Com'n Case created: Ingalls. v. Hobbs. Case created: Swartzbaugh v. Sampson Case created: Tahoe-Sierra Preservation Council, Inc v. Tahoe Regional Planning Agency Case created: Tenn v. 889 Associates, Ltd. Case created: Thomson, Estate of v. Wade Case created: Thornton, State ex rel. v. Hay Case created: Wayne County v. Hathcock Case created: Webb's Fabulous Pharmacies, Inc. v. Beckwith Case created: Wesson v. Leone Enterprises Case created: White v. Samsung Elecs. Am., Inc. Case created: Witter v. Taggart Case created: White v. Samsung Elecs. Am., Inc. (1993) Case In re Exide Technologies collaged to In re Exide Technologies Case created: Willard v. First Church of Christ Scientist Case created: Jacque. v. Steenberg Homes, Inc. Case created: Yee v. City of Escondido Case created: Jancik. v. Department Of Housing And Urban Development. Case created: Young v. American Mini Theatres Case created: Morone v. Morone Case created: Academy Spires, Inc. v. Brown Case created: Johnson. v. Davis. Case created: Mountain Brow Lodge No. 82, etc. v. Toscano Case created: Anderson v. City of Issaquah Case created: Johnson. v. Whiton. Case created: Wade v. Jobe Case created: Walgreen Arizona Drug Co. v. Plaza Center Corp. Case created: Walker Rogge, Inc. v. Chelsea Title & Guar. Co. Case created: Arlington Heights, Vill. of v. Metropolitan Housing Dev. Corp. Case created: Wallace v. Magie Case created: Wallach v. Riverside Bank Case created: Warth v. Seldin Case created: Pugh. v. Holmes. Case created: Wheeler v. City of Pleasant Grove Case created: Pugh v. Holmes. Case created: White v. Brown Case created: William J. Davis, Inc. v. Slade Case created: Woo v. Smart Case created: Zacchini v. Scripps-Howard Broad. Co. Case created: Metropolitan Housing Dev. Corp. v. Vill. of Arlington Heights Case created: New Jersey Coal. Against the War in the Middle E. v. J.M.B. Realty Corp. Case created: Pumpelly V. Green Bay Company. Case created: Newman v. Hinky Dinky Omaha-Lincoln, Inc. Case created: Barrows v. Jackson Case created: O'Brien v. O'Brien Case created: Opinion of the Justices (Me. 1957) Case created: Opinion of the Justices (Mass. 1974) Case created: Raleigh Avenue Beach Association v. Atlantis Beach Club, Inc. Case created: Bell v. Town of Wells Case created: Opinion of the Justices (Mass. 2004) Case created: Paset v. Old Orchard Bank & Trust Co. Case created: Benjamin v. Lindner Aviation, Inc. Case created: Cleburne, City of v. Cleburne Living Center Case created: Berzito v. Gambino Case created: Reid. v. The Architectural Bd of Review of City of Cleveland Heights Case created: College Block v. Atlantic Richfield Co. Case created: Richard Barton Enterprises, Inc. v. Tsern Case created: Block v. Hirsh Case created: Cologne v. Westfarms Associates Case created: Committee for a Better Twin Rivers v. Twin Rivers Community Trust (2007) Case created: Bormann v. Board of Sup'rs In and For Kossuth County Case created: Brant v. Hargrove Case created: Committee for a Better Twin Rivers v. Twin Rivers Community Trust (2006) Case created: Riddle v. Harmon. Case created: Charlotte Park & Recreation Commission v. Barringer Case created: Charles E. Burt, Inc. v. Seven Grand Corp. Case created: Brown v. Legal Found. of Wash. Case created: Building Monitoring Sys. v. Paxton Case created: Russell. v. Hill. Case created: Carma Developers (Cal.), Inc. v. Marathon Development California, Inc. Case created: San Antonio Independent School District. v. Rodriguez. Case created: Miller v. Schoene Case created: Sawada v. Endo. Case created: Nectow v. Cambridge (1928) Case created: Schley v. Couch. Case Saregama India Ltd. v. Mosley collaged to Saregama India Ltd. v. Mosley, 687 F. Supp. 2d 1325 (S.D. Fl. 2009) (Excerpts) Case Capitol Records, Inc. v. Naxos of America, Inc. collaged to Capitol Records, Inc. v. Naxos of America, Inc., 4 N.Y.3d 540 (N.Y. Ct. App. 2005) (Excerpts) Case Wishnatsky v. Huey collaged to II. Wishnatsky v. Huey copy Case created: Bridgeport Music, Inc. v. Dimension Films Case Bridgeport Music, Inc. v. Dimension Films LLC collaged to Bridgeport Music, Inc. v. Dimension Films LLC, 410 F.3d 792 (6th Cir. 2005) (Excerpts) Case Vosburg v. Putney collaged to I. Vosburg v. Putney copy Case FBT Productions, LLC v. Aftermath Records collaged to FBT Productions, LLC v. Aftermath Records, 621 F.3d 958 (9th Cir. 2010) (Excerpts) Case created: 21 Merchants Row Corporation v. Merchants Row, Inc. Case created: Alby v. Banc One Financial Case created: Alexander v. Andrews Case created: Alexander v. Boyer Case created: Allen v. Hyatt Regency-Nashville Hotel Case created: Andrews v. Andrews Case created: Basic Inc. v. Levinson Case created: Broz v. Cellular Information Systems, Inc. Case created: Business Roundtable v. SEC Case created: CA, Inc. v. AFSCME Employees Pension Plan Case created: CTS Corp. v. Dynamics Corp. of America Case Bleistein v. Donaldson Lithographing Co., collaged to Bleistein - BC Law Test Case Bleistein v. Donaldson Lithographing Co., collaged to Brian's favorite case Case Bleistein v. Donaldson Lithographing Co., collaged to Bleistein v. Donaldson Lithographing Co., Case Bleistein v. Donaldson Lithographing Co., collaged to Bleistein v. Donaldson Lithographing Co., Case Bleistein v. Donaldson Lithographing Co., collaged to Bleistein v. Donaldson Lithographing Co., Case hpuh added to playlist Corporate law stuff Case tyjstuj added to playlist Corporate law stuff Case Schecter Poultry added to playlist Training Session at Boston College Case Case 1 added to playlist MM Test Playlist Case cyilfuo'/gip'/ added to playlist tyjdtujksdtusjm Case created: Hariton v. Arco Electronics, Inc. Case created: In re Walt Disney Co. Derivative Litigation Case created: Kahn v. Lynch Communication Systems, Inc. Case created: Kamin v. American Express Co. Case Kelly v. Railway Express Agency, Inc. collaged to Kelly v. Railway Express Agency, Inc. copy copy copy Case Bleistein v. Donaldson Lithographing Co., collaged to Bleistein v. Donaldson Lithographing Co., copy Case Commonwealth v. DiPadova collaged to Commonwealth v. DiPadova copy Case Commonwealth v. DiPadova collaged to Commonwealth v. DiPadova copy copy Case Recording Industry Ass'n v. Lib. of Congress collaged to Recording Industry Ass'n v. Lib. of Congress, 608 F.3d 861 (D.C. Cir. 2010) (Excerpts) Case US v. ASCAP (In re RealNetworks, Inc., Yahoo! Inc.) collaged to US v. ASCAP (In re RealNetworks, Inc., Yahoo! Inc.), 627 F.3d 64 (2nd Cir. 2010) (Excerpts) Case created: Moran v. Household International, Inc. Case created: Omnicare, Inc. v. NCS Healthcare, Inc. Case created: Paramount Communications, Inc. v. QVC Network, Inc. Case created: Paramount Communications, Inc. v. Time, Inc. Case created: Revlon, Inc. v. MacAndrews & Forbes Holdings, Inc. Case created: Santa Fe Industries, Inc. v. Green Case created: Schnell v. 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Stephens Case created: Kahn v. Kolberg Kravis Roberts & Co., L.P. Case created: Stroud v. Grace Case created: SEC v. Cuban Case created: Stone v. Ritter Case created: SEC. v. Switzer Case created: In Re The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. Shareholder Litigation Case created: Seinfeld v. Slager Case created: Tooley v. Donaldson Lufkin, & Jenrette, Inc. Case created: Spiegel v. Buntrock Case created: Dirks v. SEC Case created: Desimone v. Barrows Case Intercollegiate Broadcast System v. Copyright Royalty Board collaged to Intercollegiate Broadcast System v. Copyright Royalty Board, 571 F.3d 69 (D.C. Cir. 2010) (Excerpts) Case created: Versata v Selectica Case McDougald v. Garber collaged to XXII. McDougald v. Garber copy Case created: Gentile v. Rossette Case created: Guth v. Loft Case Arista Records LLC v. Lime Group LLC collaged to Arista Records LLC v. Lime Group LLC, 715 F.Supp.2d 481 (S.D.N.Y. 2010) (Excerpts) Case created: Pogostin v. Rice Case created: U.S. v. Chestman Case created: Smith v. Van Gorkom Case created: Beam v. Stewart Case created: South v. Baker Case created: SEC v. Dorozhko Case created: Malpiede v. Townson Case created: Louisiana Municipal Police Employees Retirement System v. Morgan Stanley Case created: Louisiana Municipal Police Employees' Retirement System v. Lennar Corporation Case created: In RE Celera Corporation Shareholder Litigation Case created: Sutherland v. Sutherland Case created: In re Oracle Corp. Case created: Dweck v. Nasser Case created: Kirtsaeng v. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Case Sony BMG Music Entertainment, et al. v. Joel Tenenbaum collaged to Sony BMG Music Entertainment, et al. v. Joel Tenenbaum (Excerpts) Case Kirtsaeng v. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. collaged to Kirtsaeng v. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Case created: Thornton v. Caldor Case created: Wisconsin. v. Yoder Case created: Employment Division v. Smith Case created: Church of the Lukumi Babalu Aye v. City of Hialeah Case created: Lyng v. Northwest Indian Cemetery Protective Ass’n Case created: U.S. v. Lee Case created: Gonzales v. O Centro Espirita Beneficente Uniao Do Vegetal Case created: Cutter v. Wilkinson Case created: Texas Monthly v. Bullock Case created: Watson v. Jones Case created: Jones v. Wolf Case created: Combs v. Central Texas Annual Conference of The United Methodist Church Case created: Everson v. Board of Education Case created: Lemon v. Kurtzman Case created: Comm. for Public Ed. v. Nyquist Case created: Mitchell v. Helms Case created: Witters v. Washington Department of Services For The Blind Case created: Zelman v. Simmons-Harris Case created: Rosenberger v. Rector and Visitors of Univ. of Virginia Case created: Locke v. Davey Case created: Hein v. Freedom From Religion Foundation, Inc. Case created: Engel v. Vitale Case created: W.V. Board of Educ. v. Barnette Case created: Abington School District v. Schempp Case created: Marsh v. Chambers Case created: Lee v. Weisman Case created: Lynch v. Donnelly Case created: County of Allegheny v. ACLU Case created: McCreary County v. ACLU of KY Case created: Van Orden v. Perry Case created: Epperson v. Arkansas Case created: Edwards v. Aguillard Case created: Widmar v. Vincent Case created: Lamb’s Chapel v. Center Moriches Sch. Dist Case created: Board of Ed. v. Mergens Case created: Good News Club v. Milford Central School Case created: Capitol Sq. Rev. & Adv. Bd. v. Pinette Case created: Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe Case created: NLRB v. Catholic Bishop of Chicago Case created: Univ. Of Great Falls v. NLRB Case created: Hosanna-Tabor Evangelical Lutheran Church And School v. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Case created: Christian Legal Society v. Hastings College Of The Law Case created: Sherbert v. Verner Case Parvi v. City of Kingston collaged to III. Parvi v. City of Kingston copy Case UMG Recordings, Inc. v. MP3.Com, Inc. collaged to UMG Recordings, Inc. v. MP3.Com, Inc., 92 F. Supp. 2d 349 (S.D.N.Y. 2000) (Excerpts) Case created: Florida v. Jardines Case created: Comcast Corp v. Behrend Case created: M. Baker v. Weedon Case created: Barner v. Chappell Case created: Annicelli v. Town Of South Kingstown Case Wilcox v. Jeffery collaged to Wilcox v. Jeffery copy Case Wilcox v. Jeffery collaged to Wilcox v. Jeffery copy Case MacPherson v. Buick Motor Co. collaged to XX. MacPherson v. Buick Motor Co. copy Case created: MacPherson. v. Buick Motor Co. Case MacPherson. v. Buick Motor Co. collaged to MacPherson v. Buick Motor Co.--"The Broken Wooden Wheel Case" Case Crown Emak Partners, LLC. v. Kurz collaged to Crown Emak Partners, LLC. v. Kurz Case Guth v. Loft collaged to Guth v. Loft Case Aronson v. Lewis collaged to Aronson v. Lewis Case Topps v. Ferraro collaged to VI. Topps v. Ferraro copy Case Tooley v. Donaldson Lufkin, & Jenrette, Inc. collaged to Tooley v. Donaldson Lufkin, & Jenrette, Inc. Case In Re The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. Shareholder Litigation collaged to In Re The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. Shareholder Litigation Case Guttman v. Huang collaged to Guttman v. Huang Case Calder v. Jones collaged to Calder v. Jones Case Malpiede v. Townson collaged to Malpiede v. Townson Case SEC. v. Switzer collaged to SEC. v. Switzer Case Beam v. Stewart collaged to Beam v. Stewart Case Dweck v. Nasser collaged to Dweck v. Nasser Case Desimone v. Barrows collaged to Desimone v. Barrows Case Stroud v. Grace collaged to Stroud v. Grace Case Hariton v. Arco Electronics, Inc. collaged to Hariton v. Arco Electronics, Inc. Case Alcorn v. Mitchell collaged to I. Alcorn v. Mitchell copy Case created: Catholic League for Religious & Civil Rights v. City & Cnty. of San Francisco Case Abington School District v. Schempp collaged to Abington School District v. Schempp Case Board of Ed. v. Mergens collaged to Board of Ed. v. Mergens Case Capitol Sq. Rev. & Adv. Bd. v. Pinette collaged to Capitol Sq. Rev. & Adv. Bd. v. Pinette Case Catholic League for Religious & Civil Rights v. City & Cnty. of San Francisco collaged to Catholic League for Religious & Civil Rights v. City & Cnty. of San Francisco Case Church of the Lukumi Babalu Aye v. City of Hialeah collaged to Church of the Lukumi Babalu Aye v. City of Hialeah Case Christian Legal Society v. Hastings College Of The Law collaged to Christian Legal Society Chapter, Hastings College of the Law v. Martinez Case Combs v. Central Texas Annual Conference of The United Methodist Church collaged to Combs v. Central Texas Annual Conference of The United Methodist Church Case Comm. for Public Ed. v. Nyquist collaged to Comm. for Public Ed. v. Nyquist Case County of Allegheny v. ACLU collaged to County of Allegheny v. ACLU Case Cutter v. Wilkinson collaged to Cutter v. Wilkinson Case Edwards v. Aguillard collaged to Edwards v. Aguillard Case Employment Division v. Smith collaged to Employment Division v. Smith Case Engel v. Vitale collaged to Engel v. Vitale Case Epperson v. Arkansas collaged to Epperson v. Arkansas Case Gonzales v. O Centro Espirita Beneficente Uniao Do Vegetal collaged to Gonzales v. O Centro Espirita Beneficente Uniao Do Vegetal Case Everson v. Board of Education collaged to Everson v. Board of Education Case Good News Club v. Milford Central School collaged to Good News Club v. Milford Central School Case Hein v. Freedom From Religion Foundation, Inc. collaged to Hein v. Freedom From Religion Foundation, Inc. Case Hosanna-Tabor Evangelical Lutheran Church And School v. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission collaged to Hosanna-Tabor Evangelical Lutheran Church And School v. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Case Jones v. Wolf collaged to Jones v. Wolf Case Lamb’s Chapel v. Center Moriches Sch. Dist collaged to Lamb’s Chapel v. Center Moriches Sch. Dist Case Lee v. Weisman collaged to Lee v. Weisman Case Locke v. Davey collaged to Locke v. Davey Case Lemon v. Kurtzman collaged to Lemon v. Kurtzman Case Lynch v. Donnelly collaged to Lynch v. Donnelly Case Lyng v. Northwest Indian Cemetery Protective Ass’n collaged to Lyng v. Northwest Indian Cemetery Protective Ass’n Case Marsh v. Chambers collaged to Marsh v. Chambers Case McCreary County v. ACLU of KY collaged to McCreary County v. ACLU of KY Case NLRB v. Catholic Bishop of Chicago collaged to NLRB v. Catholic Bishop of Chicago Case Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe collaged to Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe Case Mitchell v. Helms collaged to Mitchell v. Helms Case Rosenberger v. Rector and Visitors of Univ. of Virginia collaged to Rosenberger v. Rector and Visitors of Univ. of Virginia Case Sherbert v. Verner collaged to Sherbert v. Verner Case Texas Monthly v. Bullock collaged to Texas Monthly v. Bullock Case Thornton v. Caldor collaged to Thornton v. Caldor Case U.S. v. Lee collaged to U.S. v. Lee Case Univ. Of Great Falls v. NLRB collaged to Univ. Of Great Falls v. NLRB Case Van Orden v. Perry collaged to Van Orden v. Perry Case W.V. Board of Educ. v. Barnette collaged to W.V. Board of Educ. v. Barnette Case Watson v. Jones collaged to Watson v. Jones Case Widmar v. Vincent collaged to Widmar v. Vincent Case Witters v. Washington Department of Services For The Blind collaged to Witters v. Washington Department of Services For The Blind Case Wisconsin. v. Yoder collaged to Wisconsin. v. Yoder Case Aronson v. Lewis collaged to Aronson v. Lewis Case Zelman v. Simmons-Harris collaged to Zelman v. Simmons-Harris Case created: Commonwealth v. Cooke Case created: Stansbury v. Marks. Case Parvi v. City of Kingston collaged to III. Parvi v. City of Kingston copy Case Alcorn v. Mitchell collaged to I. Alcorn v. Mitchell Case Versata v. Selectica collaged to Versata v. Selectica Case created: Commissioner v. Sunnen Case Vosburg v. Putney collaged to I. Vosburg v. Putney Case Bleistein v. Donaldson Lithographing Co., collaged to Bleistein v. Donaldson Lithographing Co., Case Lawrence v. Texas collaged to Lawrence v. Texas Case created: Alexander v. Kramer Bros. Freight Lines Inc. Case created: Amchem Products Inc. v. Windsor Case created: Ætna Casualty Surety Co. v. Yeatts Case created: AFA Tours Inc. v. Whitchurch Case created: Allen et al. v. McCurry Case created: Allen v. McCurry Case created: Borough of West Mifflin v. Lancaster Case created: Burger King Corp. v. Rudzewicz Case created: Asahi Metal Industry Co. v. Superior Court of Cal. Solano Cty. Case created: Atlantic City Electric Company v. General Electric Company Case created: Bail v. Cunningham Brothers Inc. Case created: Bank of California v. Superior Court Case created: Bates v. C & S Adjusters, Inc. Case created: Battle v. Memorial Hosp. at Gulfport Case created: Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly Case created: American Nurses' Ass'n v. State of Ill. Case created: Beacon Theatres, Inc. v. Westover Case Vosburg v. Putney collaged to I. Vosburg v. Putney Case Gantler v. Stephens collaged to Gantler v. Stephens Case Kahn v. Kolberg Kravis Roberts & Co., L.P. collaged to Kahn v. Kolberg Kravis Roberts & Co., L.P. Case Stone v. Ritter collaged to Stone v. Ritter Case Louisiana Municipal Police Employees' Retirement System v. Lennar Corporation collaged to LAMPERS v Lennar Corp Case Dirks v. SEC collaged to Dirks v. SEC Case created: Marrese v. Am. Academy Ortho. Surgeons Case Spiegel v. Buntrock collaged to Spiegel v. Buntrock Case U.S. v. Chestman collaged to U.S. v. Chestman Case Zapata Corp. v. Maldonado collaged to Zapata Corp. v. Maldonado Case Aronson v. Lewis collaged to Aronson v. Lewis Case SEC v. Cuban collaged to SEC v. Cuban Case Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union collaged to Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union Case In Re The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. Shareholder Litigation collaged to In Re The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. Shareholder Litigation Case Rales v. Blasband collaged to Rales v. Blasband Case Garratt v. Dailey collaged to I. Garratt v. Dailey Case Gentile v. Rossette collaged to Gentile v. Rossette Case Smith v. Van Gorkom collaged to Smith v. Van Gorkom Case created: Beeck v. Aquaslide 'N' Dive Corp. Case created: Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly Case created: Burnham v. Superior Court of Cal. County of Marin Case created: Byrd v. Blue Ridge Rural Elec. Cooperative Inc. Case created: Castano v. American Tobacco Co. Case created: Celotex Corp. v. Catrett Case created: Cummings v. General Motors Corp. Case created: Cromwell v. County of Sac Case created: Dioguardi v. Durning Case created: State v. Duffield Case created: Erie R. Co. v. Tompkins Case created: Executive Software v. US Dist. Court Case created: Exxon Mobil Corp. v. Allapattah Services Inc. Case created: Fisch v. Manger Case created: Fuentes v. Shevin Case created: Garcia v. Hilton Hotels International Case created: Grable & Sons Metal Products Inc. v. Darue Engineering & Mfg. Case created: Gray v. Amer. Radiator & Standard Sanitary Corp. Case created: Hanna v. Plumer Case created: Guaranty Trust Co. v. York Case created: Hansberry v. Lee Case created: Hess v. Pawloski Case created: U.S. v. Heyward-Robinson Co. Case created: Hoffman v. Blaski Case created: La Buy v. Howes Leather Co. Case created: Lacks v. Lacks Case created: Liberty Mut. Ins. Co. v. Wetzel Case created: Mathews v. New York Racing Association, Inc. Case created: Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals Inc. v. Thompson Case created: Mullane v. Central Hanover Bank & Trust Co. Case created: Parklane Hosiery Co. v. Shore Case created: Pennoyer v. Neff Case created: Phillips Petroleum Co. v. Shutts Case created: Piper Aircraft Co. v. Reyno Case created: Rush v. City of Maple Heights Case created: Shaffer v. Heitner Case created: Stewart Organization Inc. v. Ricoh Corp. Case created: TB Harms Company v. Eliscu Case created: Tellabs Inc. v. Makor Issues & Rights Ltd. Case created: United Mine Workers v. Gibbs Case created: Walker v. Armco Steel Corp. Case created: West Mifflin v. Lancaster Case created: Will v. Hallock Case created: World-Wide Volkswagen Corp. v. Woodson Case created: Wyman v. Newhouse Case created: Zielinski v. Philadelphia Piers Case created: Bernhard v. Bank of America Case Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union collaged to Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union Case Beeck v. Aquaslide 'N' Dive Corp. collaged to Beeck v. Aquaslide 'N' Dive Corp. Case Walker v. Armco Steel Corp. collaged to Walker v. Armco Steel Corp. Case Wyman v. Newhouse collaged to Wyman v. Newhouse Case World-Wide Volkswagen Corp. v. Woodson collaged to World-Wide Volkswagen Corp. v. Woodson Case West Mifflin v. Lancaster collaged to West Mifflin v. Lancaster Case Zielinski v. Philadelphia Piers collaged to Zielinski v. Philadelphia Piers Case Will v. Hallock collaged to Will v. Hallock Case created: International Shoe Co. v. Washington Case International Shoe Co. v. Washington collaged to International Shoe Co. v. Washington Case created: Sivnksty. Duffield Case U.S. v. Heyward-Robinson Co. collaged to U.S. v. Heyward-Robinson Co. Case Tellabs Inc. v. Makor Issues & Rights Ltd. collaged to Tellabs Inc. v. Makor Issues & Rights Ltd. Case TB Harms Company v. Eliscu collaged to TB Harms Company v. Eliscu Case Stewart Organization Inc. v. Ricoh Corp. collaged to Stewart Organization Inc. v. Ricoh Corp. Case State v. Duffield collaged to State v. Duffield Case Shaffer v. Heitner collaged to Shaffer v. Heitner Case Rush v. City of Maple Heights collaged to Rush v. City of Maple Heights Case Piper Aircraft Co. v. Reyno collaged to Piper Aircraft Co. v. Reyno Case Phillips Petroleum Co. v. Shutts collaged to Phillips Petroleum Co. v. Shutts Case Pennoyer v. Neff collaged to Pennoyer v. Neff Case Parklane Hosiery Co. v. Shore collaged to Parklane Hosiery Co. v. Shore Case Mullane v. Central Hanover Bank & Trust Co. collaged to Mullane v. Central Hanover Bank & Trust Co. Case Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals Inc. v. Thompson collaged to Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals Inc. v. Thompson Case Mathews v. New York Racing Association, Inc. collaged to Mathews v. New York Racing Association, Inc. Case Liberty Mut. Ins. Co. v. Wetzel collaged to Liberty Mut. Ins. Co. v. Wetzel Case Lacks v. Lacks collaged to Lacks v. Lacks Case La Buy v. Howes Leather Co. collaged to La Buy v. Howes Leather Co. Case Hoffman v. Blaski collaged to Hoffman v. Blaski Case Hess v. Pawloski collaged to Hess v. Pawloski Case Hansberry v. Lee collaged to Hansberry v. Lee Case Hanna v. Plumer collaged to Hanna v. Plumer Case Guaranty Trust Co. v. York collaged to Guaranty Trust Co. v. York Case Gray v. Amer. Radiator & Standard Sanitary Corp. collaged to Gray v. Amer. Radiator & Standard Sanitary Corp. Case Grable & Sons Metal Products Inc. v. Darue Engineering & Mfg. collaged to Grable & Sons Metal Products Inc. v. Darue Engineering & Mfg. Case Garcia v. Hilton Hotels International collaged to Garcia v. Hilton Hotels International Case Fuentes v. Shevin collaged to Fuentes v. Shevin Case Fisch v. Manger collaged to Fisch v. Manger Case Exxon Mobil Corp. v. Allapattah Services Inc. collaged to Exxon Mobil Corp. v. Allapattah Services Inc. Case Executive Software v. US Dist. Court collaged to Executive Software v. US Dist. Court Case Erie R. Co. v. Tompkins collaged to Erie R. Co. v. Tompkins Case Dioguardi v. Durning collaged to Dioguardi v. Durning Case Cummings v. General Motors Corp. collaged to Cummings v. General Motors Corp. Case Cromwell v. County of Sac collaged to Cromwell v. County of Sac Case Celotex Corp. v. Catrett collaged to Celotex Corp. v. Catrett Case Castano v. American Tobacco Co. collaged to Castano v. American Tobacco Co. Case Byrd v. Blue Ridge Rural Elec. Cooperative Inc. collaged to Byrd v. Blue Ridge Rural Elec. Cooperative Inc. Case Burnham v. Superior Court of Cal. County of Marin collaged to Burnham v. Superior Court [OLD -- DO NOT USE] Case Burger King Corp. v. Rudzewicz collaged to Burger King Corp. v. Rudzewicz Case Bernhard v. Bank of America collaged to Bernhard v. Bank of America Case Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly collaged to Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly Case Bates v. C & S Adjusters, Inc. collaged to Bates v. C & S Adjusters, Inc. Case Asahi Metal Industry Co. v. Superior Court of Cal. Solano Cty. collaged to Asahi Metal Industry Co. v. Superior Court of Cal. Solano Cty. Case American Nurses' Ass'n v. State of Ill. collaged to American Nurses' Ass'n v. State of Ill. Case Ætna Casualty Surety Co. v. Yeatts collaged to Ætna Casualty Surety Co. v. Yeatts Case AFA Tours Inc. v. Whitchurch collaged to AFA Tours Inc. v. Whitchurch Case Lawrence v. Texas collaged to Lawrence v. Texas Case Wishnatsky v. Huey collaged to II. Wishnatsky v. Huey Case Hart v. Geysel collaged to IV. Hart v. Geysel Case Hart v. Geysel collaged to IV. Hart v. Geysel Case Goesaert v. Cleary collaged to Goesaert v. Cleary Case Hart v. Geysel collaged to IV. Hart v. Geysel Case Hart v. Geysel collaged to My Hart v. Geysel Case Brehm v. Eisner collaged to Brehm v. Eisner Case SEC v. Dorozhko collaged to SEC v. Dorozhko Case Seinfeld v. Slager collaged to Seinfeld v. Slager Case U.S. v. O'Hagan collaged to U.S. v. O'Hagan Case Weinberger v. UOP, Inc. collaged to Weinberger v. UOP, Inc. Case Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union collaged to Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union Case Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co. collaged to Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co. -- My version Case Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co. collaged to Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co. Case Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co. collaged to Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co. Case In RE Celera Corporation Shareholder Litigation collaged to In RE Celera Corporation Shareholder Litigation Case Milkovich v. Lorain Journal Co collaged to Milkovich v. Lorain Journal Co Case United Mine Workers v. Gibbs collaged to United Mine Workers v. Gibbs Case Davies v. Mann collaged to XVIII. Davies v. Mann Case Davies v. Mann collaged to XVIII. Davies v. Mann Case Davies v. Mann collaged to XVIII. Davies v. Mann Case Davies v. Mann collaged to XVIII. Davies v. Mann Case Davies v. Mann collaged to XVIII. Davies v. Mann Case Versata v. Selectica collaged to Versata v. Selectica Case Louisiana Municipal Police Employees Retirement System v. Morgan Stanley collaged to LAMPERS v. Morgan Stanley Case Sutherland v. Sutherland collaged to Sutherland v. Sutherland Case United States v. Carroll Towing Co., Inc. collaged to VI. United States v. Carroll Towing Co., Inc. Case United States v. Carroll Towing Co., Inc. collaged to VI. United States v. Carroll Towing Co., Inc. Case United States v. Carroll Towing Co., Inc. collaged to VI. United States v. Carroll Towing Co., Inc. Case Hadley v. Baxendale collaged to 2.0.19.1 Hadley v. Baxendale Case Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union collaged to Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union Case created: Gateway Bottling, Inc. v. Dad's Rootbeer Company Case Abo Petroleum Corp. v. Amstutz collaged to Abo Petroleum Corp. v. Amstutz Case United States v. Carroll Towing Co., Inc. collaged to VI. United States v. Carroll Towing Co., Inc. Case United States v. Carroll Towing Co., Inc. collaged to VI. United States v. Carroll Towing Co., Inc. Case created: Adickes v. S.H. Kress & Co. Case created: Aguchak v. Montgomery Ward Co. Inc. Case created: Alderman v. Baltimore & Ohio R. Co. Case created: Aldinger v. Howard Case created: Alexander v. Kramer Bros. Freight Lines Inc. Case created: Allen v. McCurry Case created: Allstate Ins. Co. v. Hague Case created: ALS Scan Inc. v. Digital Service Consultants Case created: Anderson v. Liberty Lobby Inc. Case created: Ankenbrandt v. Richards Case created: Arnold v. Troccoli Case created: Ashcroft v. Iqbal Case created: Atlantic City Electric Company v. General Electric Company Case created: Bail v. Cunningham Brothers, Inc. Case created: Baltimore & Carolina Line, Inc. v. Redman Case created: Baltimore & Carolina Line Inc. v. Redman Case created: Bank of California v. Superior Court Case created: Bank of United States v. Deveaux Case created: Battle v. Memorial Hosp. at Gulfport Case created: Bautista v. Los Angeles County Case created: Beacon Theatres, Inc. v. Westover Case created: Bennis v. Michigan Case created: Bereslavsky v. Caffey Case created: Bernhard v. Bank of America Case created: Best Van Lines Inc. v. Walker Case created: Biggs v. Public Service Coordinated Transport Case created: Bivens v. Six Unknown Fed. Narcotics Agents Case created: Blonder-Tongue Laboratories Inc. v. University of Ill. Foundation Case created: Borough of West Mifflin v. Lancaster Case created: Bright v. Bechtel Petroleum Inc. Case created: Borough of West Mifflin v. Lancaster Case created: Boyle v. United Technologies Corp. Case created: Brown v. Pennsylvania Railroad Company Case created: Burlington Northern R. Co. v. Ford Case created: Burnham v. Superior Court of Cal. County of Marin Case created: Capron v. Van Noorden Case created: Carden v. Arkoma Associates Case created: Carnival Cruise Lines Inc. v. Shute Case created: Case v. State Farm Mutual Automobile Ins. Co. Case created: Celotex Corp. v. Catrett Case created: Cheney v. United States Dist. Court for DC Case created: China Nuclear Energy Industry Corp. v. Andersen Case created: Cine Forty-Second St. Theatre v. Allied Artists Pictures Case created: Clearfield Trust Co. v. United States Case created: Cohen v. Beneficial Industrial Loan Corp. Case created: Commissioner v. Sunnen Case created: Conley v. Gibson Case created: Connecticut v. Doehr Case created: ConnectU L.L.C. v. Zuckerberg Case created: Consulting Engineers Corp. v. Geometric Ltd. Case created: Cooper v. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond Case created: Cort v. Ash Case created: Coulas v. Smith Case created: Covey v. Town of Somers Case created: Cromwell v. County of Sac Case created: Cunningham v. Hamilton County Case created: Curtis v. Loether Case created: Cybersell Inc. v. Cybersell Inc. Case created: Denman v. Spain Case created: Denver & Rio Grande Western R. Co. v. Trainmen Case created: Des Moines Nav. & R. Co. v. Iowa Homestead Co. Case created: Dice v. Akron C. & YR Co. Case created: Digital Equipment Corp. v. Desktop Direct Inc. Case created: DiMichel v. S. Buffalo Ry. Co. Case created: Diniero v. United States Lines Company Case created: Dioguardi v. Durning Case created: Dobkin v. Chapman Case created: Doutre v. Niec Case created: Duk v. MGM Grand Hotel Inc. Case created: Dukes v. Wal-Mart Inc. Case created: Durant v. Servicemaster Co. Case created: Dusenbery v. United States Case created: Edmonson v. Leesville Concrete Co., Inc. Case created: Electrical Fittings Corp. v. Thomas & Betts Co. Case created: Ellis Canning Co. v. International Harvester Co. 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Yonkers Racing Corp. Case created: Hall v. Earthlink Network, Inc. Case created: Hancock Oil Co. v. Hopkins Case created: Hanover Logansport v. Robert C. Anderson Case created: Hanson v. Denckla Case created: Hart v. Am. Airlines Case created: Headstrong Corp. v. Jha Case created: Helicopteros Nacionales de Colombia, S.A. v. Hall Case created: Hess v. Pawloski Case created: Hickman v. Taylor Case created: Hicks v. United States Case created: Hoagland v. Sandberg, Phoenix & Von Gontard Case created: Holmberg v. State Div. of Risk Mgt. Case created: Holmes Group, Inc. v. Vornado Air Circulation Systems, Inc. Case created: Hy Cite Corp. v. BadBusinessBureau. Com, LLC Case created: IN RE African-American Slave Descendants' Lit. Case created: IN RE CEMENT ANTITRUST LITIGATION (MDL NO. 296) Case created: Ingraham v. United States Case created: Inset Systems Inc. v. Instruction Set Inc. Case created: Insurance Corp. of Ireland v. Compagnie des Bauxites de Guinee Case created: Intec USA LLC v. Engle Case created: International Ore & Fert. Corp. v. SGS Control Case created: Islamic Republic v. Pahlavi Case created: JF White Contracting Co. v. New England Tank Indus. of NH Inc. Case created: Jones v. Flowers Case created: Jones v. Ford Motor Credit Co. Case created: Jones v. Morris Plan Bank Case created: JPMorgan Chase Bank v. Traffic Stream (BVI) Infrastructure Ltd. Case created: Kennedy v. Southern California Edison Co. Case created: Kerr v. United States Dist. Court for Northern Dist. of Cal. Case created: Klaxon Co. v. Stentor Elec. Mfg. Co. Case United Mine Workers v. Gibbs collaged to United Mine Workers v. Gibbs Case Goldberg v. Kelly collaged to Goldberg v. Kelly Case created: Kramer v. Caribbean Mills Inc. Case created: Kulko v. Superior Court of Cal. City and County of San Francisco Case created: LASA Per L'Industria Del Marmo Soc. Per Azioni v. Alexander Case created: Lauro Lines s.r.l. v. Chasser Case created: Lavender v. Kurn Case created: Zippo Mfg. Co. v. Zippo Dot Com Inc. Case created: Leatherman v. Tarrant County Narcotics Intelligence and Coordination Unit Case created: Lexecon Inc. v. Milberg Weiss Bershad Hynes & Lerach Case created: Lowdermilk v. US Bank National Ass'n Case created: Lundeen v. Cordner Case created: Magnani v. Trogi Case created: Zahn v. International Paper Co. Case created: Wuchter v. Pizzutti Case created: Worthington v. Wilson Case created: Woods v. Interstate Realty Co. Case created: Wiwa v. Royal Dutch Petroleum Co. Case created: Will v. United States Case created: White v. Halstead Industries Inc. Case created: Velez v. Awning Windows Inc. Case created: Van Cauwenberghe v. Biard Case created: US Bank v. Planter's Bank Case created: Upjohn Co. v. United States Case created: United States v. Nixon Case created: United States v. James Daniel Good Real Property Case created: United States v. 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Amoco Pipeline Co. Case created: McDonald v. Mabee Case created: McGee v. International Life Ins. Co. Case created: Mennonite Bd. of Missions v. Adams Case created: Miedreich v. Lauenstein Case created: Mine Workers v. Gibbs Case created: Mine Workers v. Gibbs Case created: Miree v. DeKalb County Case created: Moore v. Chesapeake & Ohio R. Co. Case created: Moore v. New York Cotton Exchange Case created: National Equipment Rental Ltd. v. Szukhent Case created: Temple v. Synthes Corp. Case created: National Surety Corp. v. City of Excelsior Springs Case created: Nemariam v. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Case created: New York Life Ins. Co. v. Dunlevy Case created: Nick v. Morgan's Foods Inc. Case created: Teamsters v. Terry Case created: Nixon v. Sirica Case created: Taylor v. Sturgell Case created: Tanbro Fabrics Corp. v. Beaunit Mills Case created: Nollenberger v. United Air Lines Inc. Case created: Swift v. Tyson Case created: Swierkiewicz v. Sorema N. A. Case created: Surowitz v. Hilton Hotels Corp. Case created: Osborn v. Bank of United States Case created: Supreme Tribe of Ben-Hur v. Cauble Case created: Strawbridge et al. v. Curtiss et al. Case created: Stewart v. Tupperware Corp. Case created: Owen Equipment & Erection Co. v. Kroger Case created: Pan American Fire & Casualty Company v. Revere Case created: Pan American Fire & Casualty Company v. Revere Case created: Patrick v. Sedwick Case created: Patterson v. Cronin Case created: Payne v. SS NABOB Case created: Peacock Records Inc. v. Checker Records Inc. Case created: Stewart Organization, Inc. v. Ricoh Corp. Case created: Steelworkers v. R. H. Bouligny, Inc. Case created: State Farm Fire & Casualty Co. v. Tashire Case created: Snyder v. Harris Case created: Smith v. Kansas City Title & Trust Co. Case created: Slocum v. New York Life Ins. Co. Case created: Skelly Oil Co. v. Phillips Petroleum Co. Case created: Sinochem Intern. v. Malaysia Intern. Shipping Case created: Pebble Beach Co. v. Caddy Case created: Singh v. Daimler-Benz AG Case created: Shoshone Mining Co. v. Rutter Case created: Shaumyan v. O'Neill Case created: Peralta v. Heights Medical Center Inc. Case created: Provident Tradesmens Bank & Trust Co. v. Patterson Case created: Pullman-Standard v. Swint Case created: Ragan v. Merchants Transfer & Warehouse Co. Case created: Railroad Co. v. Stout Case created: Reasor-Hill Corp. v. Harrison Case created: Reeves v. Sanderson Plumbing Products Inc. Case created: Richardson-Merrell Inc. v. Koller Case created: Richmond Tenants Organization Inc. v. Kemp Case created: Rios v. Davis Case created: Shanaghan v. Cahill Case created: Shamrock Oil & Gas Corp. v. Sheets Case created: Shaffer v. Heitner Case created: Semtek Int'l Inc. v. Lockheed Martin Corp. Case created: SEC v. Koenig Case created: Seattle Times Co. v. Rhinehart Case created: Scott v. Harris Case created: Rios v. Davis Case created: Schlagenhauf v. Holder Case created: Roberts v. Ross Case created: Saadeh v. Farouki Case created: Roell v. Withrow Case created: Rogers v. Missouri Pacific R. Co. Case created: Ruhrgas Ag v. Marathon Oil Co. Case created: Russell v. Place Case created: Saadeh v. Farouki Case created: Schlagenhauf v. Holder Case created: Blonder-Tongue Laboratories Inc. v. University of Ill. Foundation Case Bereslavsky v. Caffey collaged to Bereslavsky v. Caffey Case Bernhard v. Bank of America collaged to Bernhard v. Bank of America Case Best Van Lines Inc. v. Walker collaged to Best Van Lines Inc. v. Walker Case Biggs v. Public Service Coordinated Transport collaged to Biggs v. Public Service Coordinated Transport Case Bivens v. Six Unknown Fed. Narcotics Agents collaged to Bivens v. Six Unknown Fed. Narcotics Agents Case Blonder-Tongue Laboratories Inc. v. University of Ill. Foundation collaged to Blonder-Tongue Laboratories Inc. v. University of Ill. Foundation Case Bright v. Bechtel Petroleum Inc. collaged to Bright v. Bechtel Petroleum Inc. Case Borough of West Mifflin v. Lancaster collaged to Borough of West Mifflin v. Lancaster Case Boyle v. United Technologies Corp. collaged to Boyle v. United Technologies Corp. Case Brown v. Pennsylvania Railroad Company collaged to Brown v. Pennsylvania Railroad Company Case Burnham v. Superior Court of Cal. County of Marin collaged to Burnham v. Superior Court of Cal. County of Marin Case Carden v. Arkoma Associates collaged to Carden v. Arkoma Associates Case Carnival Cruise Lines Inc. v. Shute collaged to Carnival Cruise Lines Inc. v. Shute Case Celotex Corp. v. Catrett collaged to Celotex Corp. v. Catrett Case China Nuclear Energy Industry Corp. v. Andersen collaged to China Nuclear Energy Industry Corp. v. Andersen Case Cheney v. United States Dist. Court for DC collaged to Cheney v. United States Dist. Court for DC Case Conley v. Gibson collaged to Conley v. Gibson Case Connecticut v. Doehr collaged to Connecticut v. Doehr Case ConnectU L.L.C. v. Zuckerberg collaged to ConnectU L.L.C. v. Zuckerberg Case Consulting Engineers Corp. v. Geometric Ltd. collaged to Consulting Engineers Corp. v. Geometric Ltd. Case Cort v. Ash collaged to Cort v. Ash Case Covey v. Town of Somers collaged to Covey v. Town of Somers Case Cunningham v. Hamilton County collaged to Cunningham v. Hamilton County Case Cohen v. Beneficial Industrial Loan Corp. collaged to Cohen v. Beneficial Industrial Loan Corp. Case Cort v. Ash collaged to Cort v. Ash Case Cromwell v. County of Sac collaged to Cromwell v. County of Sac Case Cybersell Inc. v. Cybersell Inc. collaged to Cybersell Inc. v. Cybersell Inc. Case Digital Equipment Corp. v. Desktop Direct Inc. collaged to Digital Equipment Corp. v. Desktop Direct Inc. Case Dioguardi v. Durning collaged to Dioguardi v. Durning Case Dobkin v. Chapman collaged to Dobkin v. Chapman Case Durant v. Servicemaster Co. collaged to Durant v. Servicemaster Co. Case Dukes v. Wal-Mart Inc. collaged to Dukes v. Wal-Mart Inc. Case Dusenbery v. United States collaged to Dusenbery v. United States Case Erickson v. Pardus collaged to Erickson v. Pardus Case Everett v. Verizon Wireless, Inc. collaged to Everett v. Verizon Wireless, Inc. Case Fantecchi v. Gross collaged to Fantecchi v. Gross Case Exxon Mobil Corp. v. Allapattah Services, Inc. collaged to Exxon Mobil Corp. v. Allapattah Services, Inc. Case Federated Department Stores, Inc. v. Moitie collaged to Federated Department Stores, Inc. v. Moitie Case Garcia v. General Motors Corp. collaged to Garcia v. General Motors Corp. Case General Telephone Co. of Southwest v. Falcon collaged to General Telephone Co. of Southwest v. Falcon Case Goldlawr, Inc. v. Heiman collaged to Goldlawr, Inc. v. Heiman Case Grable & Sons Metal Products, Inc. v. Darue Engineering & Mfg. collaged to Grable & Sons Metal Products, Inc. v. Darue Engineering & Mfg. Case Greene v. Lindsey collaged to Greene v. Lindsey Case Guaranty Trust Co. v. York collaged to Guaranty Trust Co. v. York Case Gulf Oil Corp. v. Gilbert collaged to Gulf Oil Corp. v. Gilbert Case Hall v. Earthlink Network, Inc. collaged to Hall v. Earthlink Network, Inc. Case Ferens v. John Deere Co. collaged to Ferens v. John Deere Co. Case Finberg v. Sullivan collaged to Finberg v. Sullivan Case Guaranty Trust Co. v. York collaged to Guaranty Trust Co. v. York Case Finley v. United States collaged to Finley v. United States Case Hanson v. Denckla collaged to Hanson v. Denckla Case Headstrong Corp. v. Jha collaged to Headstrong Corp. v. Jha Case Hoagland v. Sandberg, Phoenix & Von Gontard collaged to Hoagland v. Sandberg, Phoenix & Von Gontard Case Holmes Group, Inc. v. Vornado Air Circulation Systems, Inc. collaged to Holmes Group, Inc. v. Vornado Air Circulation Systems, Inc. Case Hy Cite Corp. v. BadBusinessBureau. Com, LLC collaged to Hy Cite Corp. v. BadBusinessBureau. Com, LLC Case Harper & Row, Publishers v. Nation Enterprises collaged to Harper & Row, Publishers v. Nation Enterprises Case Thomas v. Thomas collaged to Thomas v. Thomas Case Insurance Corp. of Ireland v. Compagnie des Bauxites de Guinee collaged to Insurance Corp. of Ireland v. Compagnie des Bauxites de Guinee Case Inset Systems Inc. v. Instruction Set Inc. collaged to Inset Systems Inc. v. Instruction Set Inc. Case Ingraham v. United States collaged to Ingraham v. United States Case Intec USA LLC v. Engle collaged to Intec USA LLC v. Engle Case International Ore & Fert. Corp. v. SGS Control collaged to International Ore & Fert. Corp. v. SGS Control Case Intec USA LLC v. Engle collaged to Intec USA LLC v. Engle Case JF White Contracting Co. v. New England Tank Indus. of NH Inc. collaged to JF White Contracting Co. v. New England Tank Indus. of NH Inc. Case Intec USA LLC v. Engle collaged to Intec USA LLC v. Engle Case Jones v. Flowers collaged to Jones v. Flowers Case Jones v. Ford Motor Credit Co. collaged to Jones v. Ford Motor Credit Co. Case Jones v. Morris Plan Bank collaged to Jones v. Morris Plan Bank Case Jones v. Morris Plan Bank collaged to Jones v. Morris Plan Bank Case Jones v. Morris Plan Bank collaged to Jones v. Morris Plan Bank Case Jones v. Morris Plan Bank collaged to Jones v. Morris Plan Bank Case Jones v. Morris Plan Bank collaged to Jones v. Morris Plan Bank Case Jones v. Morris Plan Bank collaged to Jones v. Morris Plan Bank Case Kerr v. United States Dist. Court for Northern Dist. of Cal. collaged to Kerr v. United States Dist. Court for Northern Dist. of Cal. Case Klaxon Co. v. Stentor Elec. Mfg. Co. collaged to Klaxon Co. v. Stentor Elec. Mfg. Co. Case Kramer v. Caribbean Mills Inc. collaged to Kramer v. Caribbean Mills Inc. Case Klaxon Co. v. Stentor Elec. Mfg. Co. collaged to Klaxon Co. v. Stentor Elec. Mfg. Co. Case Klaxon Co. v. Stentor Elec. Mfg. Co. collaged to Klaxon Co. v. Stentor Elec. Mfg. Co. Case Klaxon Co. v. Stentor Elec. Mfg. Co. collaged to Klaxon Co. v. Stentor Elec. Mfg. Co. Case Klaxon Co. v. Stentor Elec. Mfg. Co. collaged to Klaxon Co. v. Stentor Elec. Mfg. Co. Case Title v. United States collaged to Title v. United States Case National Surety Corp. v. City of Excelsior Springs collaged to National Surety Corp. v. City of Excelsior Springs Case Nemariam v. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia collaged to Nemariam v. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Case Moore v. New York Cotton Exchange collaged to Moore v. New York Cotton Exchange Case Moore v. Chesapeake & Ohio R. Co. collaged to Moore v. Chesapeake & Ohio R. Co. Case Miedreich v. Lauenstein collaged to Miedreich v. Lauenstein Case Mennonite Bd. of Missions v. Adams collaged to Mennonite Bd. of Missions v. Adams Case McGee v. International Life Ins. Co. collaged to McGee v. International Life Ins. Co. Case McDonald v. Mabee collaged to McDonald v. Mabee Case The Bremen v. Zapata Off-Shore Co. collaged to The Bremen v. Zapata Off-Shore Co. Case McCarty v. Amoco Pipeline Co. collaged to McCarty v. Amoco Pipeline Co. Case Matsushita Elec. Industrial Co. v. Zenith Radio Corp. collaged to Matsushita Elec. Industrial Co. v. Zenith Radio Corp. Case Mathews v. Eldridge collaged to Mathews v. Eldridge Case Marshall v. Marshall collaged to Marshall v. Marshall Case Marsh v. Illinois Cent. R. Co. collaged to Marsh v. Illinois Cent. R. Co. Case Lowdermilk v. US Bank National Ass'n collaged to Lowdermilk v. US Bank National Ass'n Case Lexecon Inc. v. Milberg Weiss Bershad Hynes & Lerach collaged to Lexecon Inc. v. Milberg Weiss Bershad Hynes & Lerach Case Leatherman v. Tarrant County Narcotics Intelligence and Coordination Unit collaged to Leatherman v. Tarrant County Narcotics Intelligence and Coordination Unit Case Stewart v. Tupperware Corp. collaged to Stewart v. Tupperware Corp. Case Supreme Tribe of Ben-Hur v. Cauble collaged to Supreme Tribe of Ben-Hur v. Cauble Case Swierkiewicz v. Sorema N. A. collaged to Swierkiewicz v. Sorema N. A. Case Swift v. Tyson collaged to Swift v. Tyson Case Textile Workers v. Lincoln Mills of Ala. collaged to Textile Workers v. Lincoln Mills of Ala. Case Stewart Organization, Inc. v. Ricoh Corp. collaged to Stewart Organization, Inc. v. Ricoh Corp. Case Steelworkers v. R. H. Bouligny, Inc. collaged to Steelworkers v. R. H. Bouligny, Inc. Case Snyder v. Harris collaged to Snyder v. Harris Case Smith v. Kansas City Title & Trust Co. collaged to Smith v. Kansas City Title & Trust Co. Case Slocum v. New York Life Ins. Co. collaged to Slocum v. New York Life Ins. Co. Case Skelly Oil Co. v. Phillips Petroleum Co. collaged to Skelly Oil Co. v. Phillips Petroleum Co.