People v. Rosario | 193 AD 2d 445 | May 13, 1993 | Tim Wu


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People v. Rosario

Original Creator: Tim Wu Current Version: Tim Wu

193 A.D.2d 445 (1993)
597 N.Y.S.2d 357


The People of the State of New York, Respondent,
Jose Antonio Santana Rosario, Also Known as Antonio Rosario, Appellant


Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of the State of New York, First Department.

May 13, 1993


Concur — Murphy, P. J., Carro, Rosenberger, Ross and Kassal, JJ.


Viewed in the light most favorable to the prosecution, the evidence upon which the defendant's conviction of criminal sale of a controlled substance in the third degree rests, shows [446] no more than that upon being asked by an undercover police officer where narcotics could be purchased, the defendant called to an individual named Stephens whom he referred to as "Panama". The undercover then purchased crack cocaine from Stephens using pre-recorded buy money. At the time of his arrest shortly after the transaction, the defendant possessed neither narcotics nor buy money.


While this evidence certainly demonstrated that the defendant was able to identify a local purveyor of narcotics, it did not show, as would have been necessary to sustain his conviction as an accomplice for criminal sale of a controlled substance, that he shared the seller's intent to bring the transaction about (see, Penal Law § 20.00). What is more, by merely responding to the undercover's inquiry as to who had drugs for sale, the defendant did nothing to solicit or request, much less demand or importune the illicit sale (see, ibid.). The necessary conditions for establishing accomplice liability having been thus left unsatisfied, and there being no other capacity in which the defendant may be said to have participated in the charged sale, his conviction must be reversed and the indictment dismissed.


Also requiring reversal is the second of the two judgments here at issue convicting the defendant of criminal possession of a controlled substance in the third degree. The defendant agreed to plead guilty to that offense only after he had been convicted of criminal sale of a controlled substance and it is clear that but for his conviction of the latter offense the defendant would not have entered the plea he did. Accordingly, since the conviction without which the defendant's plea would not have been made has now been reversed, the plea must be vacated and the matter remanded for further proceedings upon the indictment charging the defendant with criminal possession of a controlled substance in the third degree.


Annotated Case Information

January 25, 2018

"People v. Rosario"

People v. Rosario

Author Stats

Tim Wu


Columbia Law School

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