MUSIC & DIGITAL MEDIA (Spring 2015) - brettcopy | Brett Johnson | December 12, 2014

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MUSIC & DIGITAL MEDIA (Spring 2015) - brettcopy

Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson Show/Hide

Mr. Christopher Bavitz
Spring 2014 Seminar | Tues 5:00pm – 7:00pm | WCC Room 3008 | 2 Credits

This course explores legal issues relating to the creation, exploitation, and protection of music and other content. It focuses on traditional regimes and models and the ways new technologies have affected strategies involved in making and distributing content. The seminar balances doctrinal and policy concerns with day-to-day legal and business practices and skills relevant to practitioners.

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  1. 1 Show/Hide More INTRODUCTION: Copyright Basics and Incentives for Creation (Spring 2014)
    Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson

    TOPICS
    Overview of expression, nature of creativity and authorship, and rights-ownership.
    What are the goals of our copyright system?
    How do those goals fit in with the interests of:
    – creators?
    – consumers?
    – those who build businesses on distribution of content?
    Basic copyright concepts relevant to musical compositions and sound recordings.
    What works are covered by copyright?
    What rights does the owner of a musical work possess?

    READINGS (BARGFREDE / MAK)
    Ch. 1, History of the Music Industry and Copyright Law, pp. 3 – 15
    Ch. 2, Current Copyright Basics, pp. 17 – 38

    1. 1.1 Show/Hide More Lawrence Lessig, Remix, Bloombsbury Academic (2008) (CC BY-NC 3.0), Ch. 1, "Introduction"
      Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
      Notes:
      Source: http://www.bloomsburyacademic.com/view/Remix_9781849662505/chapter-ba-9781849662505-chapter-0001.xml;jsessionid=FF7F25C75D42F66DA23F17F809558987 (visited: December 5, 2011)
    2. 1.2 Show/Hide More Eldred v. Ashcroft, 537 U.S. 186 (2003) (Excerpts)
      Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
      Eldred v. Ashcroft, 537 U.S. 186 (2003) (Excerpts)
    3. 1.3 Show/Hide More 17 USC § 102
      Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
    4. 1.4 Show/Hide More 17 USC § 106
      Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
    5. 1.5 Show/Hide More 17 USC § 501 (Excerpts)
      Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
    6. 1.6 Show/Hide More 17 USC § 107
      Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
    7. 1.7 Show/Hide More ONLINE ONLY (Spring 2014)
      Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
        1. 1.7.5.2 Show/Hide More bahl
          Baal
        2. 1.7.5.3 Slate
    8. 1.8 Show/Hide More OPTIONAL (Spring 2014)
      Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
      1. 1.9.2 Show/Hide More bahl
        Baal
      2. 1.9.3 Slate
  2. 2 Show/Hide More RIGHTS FRAMEWORK AND SCOPE OF PROTECTION (1 OF 2): Musical Compositions (Originality / Similarity / Infringement / Fair Use) (Spring 2014)
    Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
    TOPICS
    Overview of originality / protectability / copyrightability:
    - What are the elements of a musical composition?
    - What makes a musical composition protectable under copyright law?
    Infringement of musical compositions — access, substantial similarity, etc.
    Under what circumstances does one infringe another’s rights in a musical composition?
    Role of expert witnesses in infringement cases.
    Sampling of musical compositions.
    Fair use of musical compositions.

    1. 2.3 Show/Hide More Federal Rule of Evidence 702
      Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
      Notes:
      Source: http://www.law.cornell.edu/rules/fre/rule_702 (visited: December 5, 2011)
    2. 2.4 Show/Hide More Federal Rule of Evidence 703
      Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
      Notes:
      Source: http://www.law.cornell.edu/rules/fre/rule_703 (visited: December 5, 2011)
    3. 2.5 Show/Hide More Federal Rule of Evidence 704
      Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
      Notes:
      Source: http://www.law.cornell.edu/rules/fre/rule_704 (visited: December 5, 2011)
    4. 2.6 Show/Hide More Federal Rule of Evidence 705
      Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
      Notes:
      Source: http://www.law.cornell.edu/rules/fre/rule_705 (visited December 5, 2011)
    5. 2.14 Show/Hide More OPTIONAL (Spring 2014)
      Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
      1. 2.14.9 Show/Hide More Exercise for the First Day of Class
        I look forward to meeting you on Monday. In the meantime, please read and complete this exercise.
  3. 3 Show/Hide More RIGHTS FRAMEWORK AND SCOPE OF PROTECTION (2 OF 2): Sound Recordings (Originality / Similarity / Infringement / Fair Use) (Spring 2014)
    Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson

    TOPICS
    Scope of federal and state law protections for sound recordings.
    - Federal law protection for recordings first fixed after February 15, 1972.
    - State law protection for pre-72 recordings.
    History and origins of common law rights / preemption by the Copyright Act.
    Infringement and sampling of sound recordings.
    Fair use of sound recordings.

    READINGS (BARGFREDE / MAK)
    Ch. 3, Copyright in Music, pp. 39 – 51

    1. 3.3 Show/Hide More 17 USC § 412
      Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
      Notes:
      Source: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/usc_sec_17_00000412——000-.html (visited: December 6, 2011)
    2. 3.4 Show/Hide More 17 USC § 504 (Excerpts)
      Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
      Notes:
      Source: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/usc_sec_17_00000504——000-.html (visited December 6, 2011)
    3. 3.10 Show/Hide More ONLINE ONLY (SPRING 2014)
      Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
    4. 3.11 Show/Hide More OPTIONAL (Spring 2014)
      Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
  4. 4 Show/Hide More INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND LEGAL / BUSINESS ARRANGEMENTS (1 OF 2): Music Publishers, Publishing Agreements, Licenses, and PROs (Spring 2014)
    Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson

    TOPICS
    Contractual arrangements between songwriters and publishers.
    Licensing of musical compositions by publishers (mechanical and synchronization licenses).
    Public performance rights and musical compositions.
    Digital / new media issues faced by songwriters and the publishing industry.
    The role of the Harry Fox Agency in licensing of musical compositions.

    READINGS (BARGFREDE / MAK)
    Ch. 4, What is a ‘Copy’ and What is a ‘Performance?,’ pp. 53 – 57

    1. 4.7 Show/Hide More ONLINE ONLY (Spring 2014)
      Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
    2. 4.8 Show/Hide More OPTIONAL (Spring 2014)
      Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
  5. 5 Show/Hide More INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND LEGAL / BUSINESS ARRANGEMENTS (2 OF 2): Record Companies, Record Deals, and Master Use Licenses (Spring 2014)
    Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
    TOPICS
    Traditional record deals (between artists and record companies).
    Overview of contract terms.
    Consideration of various record contract issues, including:
    - minors and contracts;
    - California’s “Seven-Year Statute”;
    - termination of copyright transfers;
    - controlled composition clauses; and
    - sale vs. license and digital exploitation.
    “360 Deals.”

    1. 5.8 Show/Hide More ONLINE ONLY (Spring 2014)
      Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
    2. 5.9 Show/Hide More OPTIONAL (Spring 2014)
      Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
  6. 6 Show/Hide More RIGHTS ENFORCEMENT (1 OF 2): Intermediaries and the DMCA Safe Harbor (Spring 2014)
    Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson

    TOPICS
    The role of intermediaries and secondary liability for infringement.
    The Digital Millennium Copyright Act safe harbor.
    Statutory damages.
    Striking a balance — promoting innovation and protecting creators’ and content owners’ rights.

    READINGS (BARGFREDE / MAK)
    Ch. 9, DMCA / Copyright Law Reform, pp. 95 – 102
    Sample DMCA Takedown Notice, p. 121
    App C, A&M v. Napster, 239 F.3d 1004 (9th Cir. 2001) (Excerpted), pp. 137 – 146
    App D, MGM v. Grokster, 545 U.S. 913 (2005) (Excerpted), pp. 147 – 150

    1. 6.3 Show/Hide More ONLINE ONLY (Spring 2014)
      Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
    2. 6.4 Show/Hide More OPTIONAL (Spring 2014)
      Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
  7. 7 Show/Hide More RIGHTS ENFORCEMENT (2 of 2): Individual Infringers, Other Industries, and New Legislative Efforts (Spring 2014)
    Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
    TOPICS
    Online anti-piracy and rights enforcement efforts against individual infringers.
    Online rights enforcement in other industries (news media, book publishing).
    Legislative efforts to enhance rights enforcement mechanisms (SOPA, PIPA, etc.).

    1. 7.2 Show/Hide More ONLINE ONLY (Spring 2014)
      Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
    2. 7.3 Show/Hide More OPTIONAL (Spring 2014)
      Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
      READINGS (BARGFREDE / MAK)
      Ch. 8, Gaps in Copyright Law, pp. 87 – 94

  8. 8 Show/Hide More DIGITAL SALES AND DISTRIBUTION (1 OF 2): Streaming Media, New Digital Services, and Emerging Digital Business Models (Spring 2014)
    Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson

    TOPICS
    Evolving digital business models and distribution channels.
    Revenues and margins in digital distribution.
    Overview of public performance rights in sound recordings and digital audio transmissions.
    Section 114 statutory / compulsory licenses.
    CRB webcaster rates.

    READINGS (BARGFREDE / MAK)
    Ch. 5, Copyright Law and Ever-Changing Distribution Models, 59 – 62
    Ch. 6, Digital Distribution Channels and Mediums, pp. 65 – 70
    Ch. 7, Digital Music Delivery Formats, pp. 71 – 86
    Ch. 12, How to Start an Online Music Service, pp. 115-120

    1. 8.6 Show/Hide More OPTIONAL (Spring 2014)
      Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
  9. 9 Show/Hide More DIGITAL SALES AND DISTRIBUTION (2 OF 2): Public Performance Rights in Sound Recordings and Digital Audio Transmissions (Spring 2014)
    Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
    TOPICS
    Streaming media and digital public performance rights in sound recordings.
    Terrestrial public performance rights in sound recordings.
    Music in the “cloud” and “locker” services.
    The importance of data in the digital distribution world.

    1. 9.8 Show/Hide More OPTIONAL (Spring 2014)
      Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
      READINGS (BARGFREDE / MAK)
      Ch. 10, Web 2.0: How Virtual Worlds, Social Networking Sites, Advertisers, Bloggers, and Others Fit In, pp. 107 – 110

  10. 10 Show/Hide More CHALLENGES TO THE PARADIGM: Law, Policy, and Business Transformations in the Digital Age (Spring 2014)
    Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
    TOPICS
    Alternative approaches to artists’ financing / releasing music.
    Artist and songwriter royalties and digital services.
    Artist revenue streams.
    Proposed changes to the legal regime.
    Alternative compensation systems.

    1. 10.9 Show/Hide More OPTIONAL (Spring 2014)
      Original Creator: cbavitz Current Version: Brett Johnson
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December 12, 2014

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