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So far we’ve studied intentional torts and negligence, and their respective defenses. All else equal, the level of bad behavior required to establish negligence is lower. Is there behavior that might yet fall short of negligent behavior and still result in a finding of liability? Yes. At the most extreme end of the spectrum is absolute liability: under some particular factual circumstance, you pay, regardless of your “fault” — that is, even if you didn’t engage in intentionally bad behavior or the taking on of undue risk. Insurance companies contract for precisely that kind of liability: if the specified harm happens, they agree to pay.
In between negligence and absolute liability lies strict liability. Strict liability may serve a useful function when it’s difficult to establish how to do something “right” – perhaps the proper answer is not to do it at all. In its most common form, strict liability exists when a defendant is engaging in an especially dangerous activity – one that’s dangerous even if done with the utmost of care. A classic example is keeping a tiger as a pet, or riding in a hot air balloon not long after they were invented. Such activities – described in one of the Restatements as “abnormally dangerous” – are thought to be ripe for having to pay as they go, making whole whatever harm they cause without any inquiry into whether they were undertaken in a reasonable way.
Can you think of any pastime you’ve engaged in within the past year that might be suitable for strict liability treatment?EDIT PLAYLIST INFORMATION DELETE PLAYLIST
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|1||Show/Hide More||Guille v Swan--"The Wandering Aeronaut"|
|2||Show/Hide More||Sullivan v. Dunham--"The Exploding Tree Case"|
|3||Show/Hide More||Hammontree v. Jenner--"Strict Liability While Driving?"|
|4||Show/Hide More||Crosby v. Cox Aircraft Co.--"The Airplane that Ran Out of Fuel"|
|5||Show/Hide More||Torchia v. Fisher--"The Stolen Airplane Case"|
|6||Show/Hide More||Franken v. City of Sioux Center--"The 'Pet' Tiger Case"|
July 24, 2017
Harvard Law School, Berkman Center
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