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3.2.2 Relevant Domestic Organizations, Policies, and Strategies
Provides an introduction and broad overview of the major organizations, policies, and strategies involved in domestic cybersecurity policy-making and approaches, including: The White House (WH), Congress, The Department of Defense (including CYBERCOM and National Security Agency), the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).
  • 1 The White House

    The White House’s interest and involvement in cybersecurity has grown and evolved since President Clinton issued Presidential Decision Directive 63 (PDD-63) in 1998.

    • 1.1 The White House, International Strategy for Cyberspace, May 2011

      This document outlines how the United States will work internationally to promote an open, interoperable, secure, and reliable information and communications infrastructure to support international trade and commerce, strengthen international security, and foster free expression and innovation.

    • 1.2 Eric Chabrow, The Cybersecurity Czar Who Wasn't, GovInfo Security, 2 June 2012

      This piece provides a retrospective on the tenure of Howard Schmidt (White House's first cybersecurity coordinator). It also provides insight into the cybersecurity coordinator’s role in the administration, as well as challenges inherent to the position.

  • 2 Department of Defense

    The DoD encompasses much of the U.S. government’s technical expertise to both respond to cyber-incidents, as well as conduct and defend against cyberattacks; it includes both the NSA and CYBERCOM.

    • 2.1 Department of Defense, Strategy for Operating in Cyberspace, July 2011

      This is an overview of the DOD’s five strategic initiatives regarding cyberspace: to treat cyberspace as an operational domain; to employ new defense operating concepts; to partner to enable a whole-of-government cybersecurity strategy; to build robust relationships allies and international partners; and to leverage ingenuity through an exceptional cyber workforce.

    • 2.2 Department of Defense Cyberspace Policy Report, November 2011

      This document identifies five distinct, but interrelated strategic initiatives to support DoD’s cyberspace operations and its national security mission: Treating cyberspace as an operational domain; employing new defense operating concepts to protect DoD networks and systems; partnering closely with other U.S. Government departments and agencies and the private sector; building robust relationships with U.S. Allies and international partners to enable information sharing; leveraging the Nation’s ingenuity by recruiting and retaining an exceptional cyber workforce and enabling rapid technological innovation.

    • 2.3 The Secretary of Defense, Establishment of a Subordinate Unified U.S. Cyber Command Under U.S. Strategic Command for Military Cyberspace Operations, 23 June 2009

      This document from the Secretary of Defense directed the Commander of U.S. Strategic Command to establish the subordinate unified command, U.S. Cyber Command.

    • 2.4 Statement of General Keith B. Alexander, Commander, United States Cyber Command, before the House Committee on Armed Services, 23 September 2010

      This testimony describes what is happening at US Cyber Command by providing an overview of the current status of the command and by describing the plan for moving forward in accomplishing the assigned mission.

    • 2.5 William A. Owens, Kenneth W. Dam, and Herbert S. Lin, editors, Committee on Offensive Information Warfare, National Research Council; Technology, Policy, Law, and Ethics Regarding U.S. Acquisition and Use of Cyberattack Capabilities; Pages 161-187, 2009

      This document discusses cyberattacks in the context of U.S. military doctrine, the DoD’s organization, rules of engagement, operational planning, human capital, and weapons systems acquisition. It also provides both historical perspective (1999 and on) and hypothetical examples to support its arguments.

  • 3 Department of Homeland Security

    The DHS is responsible for responding to domestic cybersecurity incidents and has made cybersecurity one of its five most important mission areas. Most versions of cybersecurity reform envision greatly expanding DHS’s cyber responsibilities.

    • 3.1 National Cyber Incident Response Plan, Interim Version, September 2010

      This document delineates the responsibilities among U.S. agencies in the event of a domestic cyber-incident. It demonstrates the number of agencies involved and the detailed interplay between them.

    • 3.2 Homeland Security Presidential Directive 5 , 28 February 2003

      This directive establishes the DHS as the lead agency to respond to domestic incidents, including acts of terrorism and disasters.

    • 3.3 Blueprint for a Secure Cyber Future, DHS, “How We Will Protect Critical Information Infrastructure” and “How We Will Strengthen the Cyber Ecosystem”2, December 2011

      This document provides a path to create a safer, more resilient cyber environment, and describes two areas for action: protecting critical information infrastructure and building a stronger cyber ecosystem. The goals for protecting critical information infrastructure are reducing exposure to cyber risk, ensuring priority response and recovery, maintaining shared situational awareness, and increasing cyber-resilience. The goals for strengthening the cyber ecosystem are empowering users to operate securely, implementing trustworthy protocols, building collaborative communities, and establishing transparent processes.

    • 3.4 Memorandum of Understanding Between the Department of Homeland Security and the National Security Administration Regarding Cyberspace, October 2010

      This MoU sets forth terms for the sharing of resources between DHS and NSA to support the U.S. Cybersecurity effort, including the co-locating of both NSA and CYBERCOM units within DHS’s National Cybersecurity and Communications Integration Center.

  • 4 Federal Bureau of Investigation

    The FBI maintains cyber squads at its field offices and leads the National Cyber Investigative Joint Task Force (NCIJTF), an interagency focal point for such cyber threat investigations and analysis.

    • 4.1 The Federal Bureau of Investigation's Ability to Address the National Security Cyber Intrusion Threat, U.S. Department of Justice, Office of the Inspector General, Audit Division., April 2011

      This report provides an review of the FBI’s cyber capabilities, to include the National Cyber Investigative Joint Task Force (NCIJTF), field office cyber squads, and cyber training policies.

  • 5 National Institute of Standards and Technology

    NISTNIST
    • 5.1 NIST Computer Security Division

      One of six divisions in the NIST Information Technology Lab, CSD’s mission is to provide standards and technology to protect information systems against threats to the confidentiality of information, integrity of information and processes, and availability of information and services in order to build trust and confidence in Information Technology (IT) systems.

    • 5.2 NIST Establishes National Cybersecurity Center of Excellence, 21 February 2012

      On 21 February 2012, NIST announced a new partnership to establish the National Cybersecurity Center of Excellence, a public-private collaboration for accelerating the widespread adoption of integrated cybersecurity tools and technologies.

  • 6 Federal Communications Commission

    The FCC regulates interstate and international communications by radio, television, wire, satellite and cable in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and U.S. territories.

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