The Gospel of Matthew 5:21-22; 5:27-30; 5:38-42 | Tim Wu | December 20, 2016

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The Gospel of Matthew 5:21-22; 5:27-30; 5:38-42

21 “You have heard that it was said to the people long ago, ‘You shall not murder,[1] and anyone who murders will be subject to judgment.’ 22 But I tell you that anyone who is angry with a brother or sister[2][3] will be subject to judgment. Again, anyone who says to a brother or sister, ‘Raca,’[4] is answerable to the court. And anyone who says, ‘You fool!’ will be in danger of the fire of hell.

27 “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall not commit adultery.’[5]28 But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart. 29 If your right eye causes you to stumble, gouge it out and throw it away. It is better for you to lose one part of your body than for your whole body to be thrown into hell.30 And if your right hand causes you to stumble, cut it off and throw it away. It is better for you to lose one part of your body than for your whole body to go into hell.

38 “You have heard that it was said, ‘Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth.’[6]39 But I tell you, do not resist an evil person. If anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to them the other cheek also. 40 And if anyone wants to sue you and take your shirt, hand over your coat as well. 41 If anyone forces you to go one mile, go with them two miles. 42 Give to the one who asks you, and do not turn away from the one who wants to borrow from you.

  1. Matthew 5:21 Exodus 20:13
  2. Matthew 5:22 The Greek word for brother or sister (adelphos) refers here to a fellow disciple, whether man or woman; also in verse 23.
  3. Matthew 5:22 Some manuscripts brother or sister without cause
  4. Matthew 5:22 An Aramaic term of contempt
  5. Matthew 5:27 Exodus 20:14
  6. Matthew 5:38 Exodus 21:24; Lev. 24:20; Deut. 19:21
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December 21, 2016

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Tim Wu

Professor

Columbia Law School

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