Oregon Revised Statutes (ORS)- Updated | Joseph William Singer | October 28, 2014

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Oregon Revised Statutes (ORS)- Updated

Oregon Revised Statutes (ORS)

§15.400. Definitions

For the purposes of ORS 15.400 to 15.460:

(1) “Conduct” means an act or omission that has occurred or that may occur in the future.

(2) “Domicile” means the place identified under ORS 31.865.

(3) “Injury” means physical or nonphysical harm to a person or property caused by the conduct of another person.

(4) “Law,” when used in reference to the law of another state, does not include that state’s choice-of-law rules.

(5) “Noncontractual claim” means a claim, other than a claim for failure to perform a contractual or other consensual obligation, that arises from a tort as defined in ORS 30.260, or any conduct that caused or may cause injury compensable by damages, without regard to whether damages are sought.

(6) “Person” means a person as defined in ORS 174.100 and a public body.

(7) “Public body” means a public body as defined in ORS 174.109, the Oregon Health and Science University, and the Oregon State Bar.

(8) “State” means, unless the context requires otherwise, the United States, any state, territory, possession or other jurisdiction of the United States, any Indian tribe or other Native American, Hawaiian or Alaskan group recognized by federal law or formally acknowledged by a state of the United States, and any foreign country or territorial subdivision of such country that has its own system of laws.

15.405. Applicability

 

ORS 15.400 to 15.460 govern the choice of law applicable to noncontractual claims when a choice between or among the laws of more than one state is at issue. ORS 15.400 to 15.460 do not supersede the provisions of other Oregon statutes that expressly designate the law governing a particular noncontractual claim.

15.410. Characterization

(1) Oregon law determines the scope and meaning of terms used in ORS 15.400 to 15.460 , including whether a claim is a noncontractual claim.

(2) The law of the state determined to be applicable under ORS 15.400 to 15.460 determines the scope and meaning of terms used in that law.

 

15.415. Localization and other factual determinations

For the purposes of ORS 15.400 to 15.460, the following issues are determined under Oregon law:

(1) What conduct caused the injury, and where the conduct occurred. If injurious conduct occurs in more than one state, the state where the conduct occurred that is primarily responsible for the injury is the state where the injurious conduct occurred.

 (2) Who caused the injury. If a person is liable for the conduct of another person, both persons are considered to have caused the injury.

 (3) Where the injury occurred. If the same conduct causes injury in more than one state, the place of injury is in the state in which most of the injurious effects occurred or may occur. If different persons suffer injury in different states by reason of the same conduct, the place of injury is determined separately for each person. If a person suffers loss by reason of injury or death of another person, the place of injury is determined based on the injury to the other person.

 (4) Who suffered the injury. If a claim is made for loss caused by injury or death of another person, both the claimant and the other person are considered to be injured persons.

 

15.420. Determining domicile

For the purposes of ORS 15.400 to 15.460:

 (1)(a) The domicile of a natural person is in the state in which the person resides with the intent to make it the person’s home for an indefinite period of time.

 (b) A domicile once established continues until it is superseded by the acquisition of a new domicile. If a person’s intent to change domicile is legally ineffective, the previously established domicile continues to be the person’s domicile.

 (c) If a person’s intent to have a domicile in a given state would be legally effective but cannot be ascertained, the state in which the person resides is the person’s domicile, and if the person resides in more than one state, the residence state that has the most pertinent connection to the disputed issue is deemed to be the domicile with regard to that issue.

 (2) The domicile of a person other than a natural person is located in the state in which the person maintains its principal place of business. If the dispute arises from activities directed from another state in which the person maintains a place of business other than the principal place of business, either state may be considered as the domicile at the choice of the other party.

 (3) The domicile of a person is determined as of the date of the injury for which the noncontractual claim is made.

 

15.430. Claims governed by Oregon law

Notwithstanding ORS 15.440, 15.445, and 15.455, Oregon law governs noncontractual claims in the following actions:

 (1) Actions in which, after the events giving rise to the dispute, the parties agree to the application of Oregon law.

 (2) Actions in which none of the parties raises the issue of applicability of foreign law.

 (3) Actions in which the party or parties who rely on foreign law fail to assist the court in establishing the relevant provisions of foreign law after being requested by the court to do so.

 (4) Actions filed against a public body of the State of Oregon, unless the application of Oregon law is waived by a person authorized by Oregon law to make the waiver on behalf of the public body.

 (5) Actions against an owner, lessor or possessor of land, buildings or other real property situated in Oregon that seek to recover for, or to prevent, injury on that property and arising out of conduct that occurs in Oregon.

 (6) Actions between an employer and an employee who is primarily employed in Oregon that arise out of an injury that occurs in Oregon.

 (7) Actions for professional malpractice arising from services rendered entirely in Oregon by personnel licensed to perform those services under Oregon law.

 

15.435. Product liability civil actions

(1) Notwithstanding ORS 15.440 and 15.445, Oregon law applies to product liability civil actions, as defined in ORS 30.900, if:

 (a) The injured person was domiciled in Oregon and the injury occurred in Oregon; or

 (b) The injured person was domiciled in Oregon or the injury occurred in Oregon; and the product:

 (A) Was manufactured or produced in Oregon; or

 (B) Was delivered when new for use or consumption in Oregon.

 (2) Subsection (1) of this section does not apply to a product liability civil action if a defendant demonstrates that the use in Oregon of the product that caused the injury could not have been foreseen and that none of the defendant’s products of the same type were available in Oregon in the ordinary course of trade at the time of the injury.

 (3) If a party demonstrates that the application of the law of a state other than Oregon to a disputed issue is substantially more appropriate under the principles of ORS 15.455, that issue shall be governed by the law of the other state.

 (4) All noncontractual claims or issues in product liability civil actions not provided for or not disposed of under this section are governed by the law of the state determined under ORS 15.445.

 

15.440. General rules

(1) Noncontractual claims between an injured person and the person whose conduct caused the injury are governed by the law of the state designated in this section.

 (2)(a) If the injured person and the person whose conduct caused the injury were domiciled in the same state, the law of that state governs. However, the law of the state in which the injurious conduct occurred determines the standard of care by which the conduct is judged. If the injury occurred in a state other than the one in which the conduct occurred, the provisions of subsection (3)(c) of this section apply.

 (b) For the purposes of this section, persons domiciled in different states shall be treated as if domiciled in the same state to the extent that laws of those states on the disputed issues would produce the same outcome.

 (3) If the injured person and the person whose conduct caused the injury were domiciled in different states and the laws of those states on the disputed issues would produce a different outcome, the law of the state designated in this subsection governs.

 (a) If both the injurious conduct and the resulting injury occurred in the same state, the law of that state governs if either the injured person or the person whose conduct caused the injury was domiciled in that state.

 (b) If both the injurious conduct and the resulting injury occurred in a state other than the state in which either the injured person or the person whose conduct caused the injury were domiciled, the law of the state of conduct and injury governs. If a party demonstrates that, under the circumstances of the particular case, the application of that law to a disputed issue will not serve the objectives of that law, that issue will be governed by the law selected under ORS 15.445.

 (c) If the injurious conduct occurred in one state and the resulting injury in another state, the law of the state of conduct governs. However, the law of the state of injury governs if:

 (A) The activities of the person whose conduct caused the injury were such as to make foreseeable the occurrence of injury in that state; and

 (B) The injured person formally requests the application of that state’s law by a pleading or amended pleading. The request shall be deemed to encompass all claims and issues against that defendant.

 (4) If a party demonstrates that application to a disputed issue of the law of a state other than the state designated by subsection (2) or (3) of this section is substantially more appropriate under the principles of ORS 15.445 that issue is governed by the law of the other state.

15.445. General and residual approach

Except as provided in ORS 15.430, 15.435, 15.440 and 15.455, the rights and liabilities of the parties with regard to disputed issues in a noncontractual claim are governed by the law of the state whose contacts with the parties and the dispute and whose policies on the disputed issues make application of the state’s law the most appropriate for those issues. The most appropriate law is determined by:

 (1) Identifying the states that have a relevant contact with the dispute, such as the place of the injurious conduct, the place of the resulting injury, the domicile, habitual residence or pertinent place of business of each person, or the place in which the relationship between the parties was centered;

 (2) Identifying the policies embodied in the laws of these states on the disputed issues; and

 (3) Evaluating the relative strength and pertinence of these policies with due regard to:

 (a) The policies of encouraging responsible conduct, deterring injurious conduct and providing adequate remedies for the conduct; and

 (b) The needs and policies of the interstate and international systems, including the policy of minimizing adverse effects on strongly held policies of other states.

 

15.450. Joint tortfeasors and third parties

Notwithstanding ORS 15.430, 15.435 and 15.440 if two or more persons are liable for the same claim, the rights and liabilities between those persons are governed by the law determined for the particular issue under ORS 15.445. If a third party pays compensation to a person injured by the conduct of another person, the right of the third party to recoup the amount paid is governed by the law determined for the particular issue under ORS 15.445

15.455. Agreements on applicable foreign law

Notwithstanding ORS 15.430, 15.435 and 15.440, but subject to ORS 15.300 to 15.380 an agreement providing that an issue or issues falling within the scope of ORS 15.400 to 15.460 will be governed by the law of a state other than Oregon is enforceable in Oregon if the agreement was entered into after the parties had knowledge of the events giving rise to the dispute.

15.460. Commentary

The Oregon Law Commission shall make available on the website maintained by the commission a copy of the commentary approved by the commission for the provisions of ORS 15.400 to 15.460

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October 28, 2014

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Joseph William Singer

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